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A new species of Mengenilla (Insecta, Strepsiptera) from Tunisia.

Pohl H, Niehuis O, Gloyna K, Misof B, Beutel RG - Zookeys (2012)

Bottom Line: Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n. is the third species of the genus with known females and female puparia.First instar larvae, endoparasitic larval stages, the male puparium and the host are unknown.The new species is also the first strepsipteran with a fully sequenced genome.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Entomology Group, Institut für Spezielle Zoologie and Evolutionsbiologie, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Erbertstraße 1, 07743 Jena, Germany.

ABSTRACT
A new species of Mengenilla Hofeneder, 1910 (Strepsiptera, Mengenillidae) from southern Tunisia is described. Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n. can be distinguished from congeners by a slightly emarginated posterodorsal margin of the head, compound eyes with a light tan dorsal part, mandibles with a narrow distal part, and a v-shaped pronotum. With the description of Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n., eleven valid species of Mengenilla are currently recognised. Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n. is the third species of the genus with known females and female puparia. First instar larvae, endoparasitic larval stages, the male puparium and the host are unknown. The new species is also the first strepsipteran with a fully sequenced genome.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of the genus Mengenilla plotted on the Köppen-Geiger climate type map (map modified after Peel et al. (2007)). Type localities with open symbols. Grey dots: Mengenilla sp. mentioned by Hofeneder (1928) and de Peyerimhoff (1919). Description of the climate symbols (only where Mengenilla occurs): Aw Tropical, savannah; BWh Arid, desert, hot; BWk Arid, desert, cold; BSh Arid, steppe, hot; BSk Arid, steppe, cold; Csa Temperate, dry summer, hot summer; Csb Temperate, dry summer, warm summer. For a detailed explanation of the map and symbols see Peel et al. (2007).
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Figure 1: Distribution of the genus Mengenilla plotted on the Köppen-Geiger climate type map (map modified after Peel et al. (2007)). Type localities with open symbols. Grey dots: Mengenilla sp. mentioned by Hofeneder (1928) and de Peyerimhoff (1919). Description of the climate symbols (only where Mengenilla occurs): Aw Tropical, savannah; BWh Arid, desert, hot; BWk Arid, desert, cold; BSh Arid, steppe, hot; BSk Arid, steppe, cold; Csa Temperate, dry summer, hot summer; Csb Temperate, dry summer, warm summer. For a detailed explanation of the map and symbols see Peel et al. (2007).

Mentions: A total of 19 species have been described in the genus Mengenilla, 10 of which are currently recognised as valid (Cook 2007). The genus is restricted to the Old World and occurs in xerotherm, semi-arid and arid areas, with the exception of Mengenilla orientalis Kifune and Hirashima, 1980 from Sri Lanka and Mengenilla leucomma Cook, 2007 from Madagascar (Kinzelbach 1979, Kifune and Hirashima 1980, Cook, 2007, Bravo et al. 2009). Mengenilla chobauti Hofeneder, 1910 and Mengenilla parvula Silvestri, 1941 occur in the Mediterranean region. While Mengenilla parvula is restricted to Sicily, Mengenilla chobauti is recorded from North Africa, Spain, Portugal, Crete, Malta, Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia and has the widest distribution of all described Mengenilla species (Silvestri 1941, 1943, Kinzelbach 1978). Nearly all other species are only known from their type locality. Figure 1 gives an overview of the described species of the genus and their distribution. Males are known for all currently described species of Mengenilla, but females, immature stages and hosts only for Mengenilla chobauti and Mengenilla parvula. The presently known hosts are lepismatid Zygentoma: Ctenolepisma ciliata (Dufour, 1831) for Mengenilla chobauti, and Ctenolepisma michaelseni Escherich, 1905 for Mengenilla parvula, respectively (Silvestri 1943).


A new species of Mengenilla (Insecta, Strepsiptera) from Tunisia.

Pohl H, Niehuis O, Gloyna K, Misof B, Beutel RG - Zookeys (2012)

Distribution of the genus Mengenilla plotted on the Köppen-Geiger climate type map (map modified after Peel et al. (2007)). Type localities with open symbols. Grey dots: Mengenilla sp. mentioned by Hofeneder (1928) and de Peyerimhoff (1919). Description of the climate symbols (only where Mengenilla occurs): Aw Tropical, savannah; BWh Arid, desert, hot; BWk Arid, desert, cold; BSh Arid, steppe, hot; BSk Arid, steppe, cold; Csa Temperate, dry summer, hot summer; Csb Temperate, dry summer, warm summer. For a detailed explanation of the map and symbols see Peel et al. (2007).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368257&req=5

Figure 1: Distribution of the genus Mengenilla plotted on the Köppen-Geiger climate type map (map modified after Peel et al. (2007)). Type localities with open symbols. Grey dots: Mengenilla sp. mentioned by Hofeneder (1928) and de Peyerimhoff (1919). Description of the climate symbols (only where Mengenilla occurs): Aw Tropical, savannah; BWh Arid, desert, hot; BWk Arid, desert, cold; BSh Arid, steppe, hot; BSk Arid, steppe, cold; Csa Temperate, dry summer, hot summer; Csb Temperate, dry summer, warm summer. For a detailed explanation of the map and symbols see Peel et al. (2007).
Mentions: A total of 19 species have been described in the genus Mengenilla, 10 of which are currently recognised as valid (Cook 2007). The genus is restricted to the Old World and occurs in xerotherm, semi-arid and arid areas, with the exception of Mengenilla orientalis Kifune and Hirashima, 1980 from Sri Lanka and Mengenilla leucomma Cook, 2007 from Madagascar (Kinzelbach 1979, Kifune and Hirashima 1980, Cook, 2007, Bravo et al. 2009). Mengenilla chobauti Hofeneder, 1910 and Mengenilla parvula Silvestri, 1941 occur in the Mediterranean region. While Mengenilla parvula is restricted to Sicily, Mengenilla chobauti is recorded from North Africa, Spain, Portugal, Crete, Malta, Italy, including Sicily and Sardinia and has the widest distribution of all described Mengenilla species (Silvestri 1941, 1943, Kinzelbach 1978). Nearly all other species are only known from their type locality. Figure 1 gives an overview of the described species of the genus and their distribution. Males are known for all currently described species of Mengenilla, but females, immature stages and hosts only for Mengenilla chobauti and Mengenilla parvula. The presently known hosts are lepismatid Zygentoma: Ctenolepisma ciliata (Dufour, 1831) for Mengenilla chobauti, and Ctenolepisma michaelseni Escherich, 1905 for Mengenilla parvula, respectively (Silvestri 1943).

Bottom Line: Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n. is the third species of the genus with known females and female puparia.First instar larvae, endoparasitic larval stages, the male puparium and the host are unknown.The new species is also the first strepsipteran with a fully sequenced genome.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Entomology Group, Institut für Spezielle Zoologie and Evolutionsbiologie, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Erbertstraße 1, 07743 Jena, Germany.

ABSTRACT
A new species of Mengenilla Hofeneder, 1910 (Strepsiptera, Mengenillidae) from southern Tunisia is described. Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n. can be distinguished from congeners by a slightly emarginated posterodorsal margin of the head, compound eyes with a light tan dorsal part, mandibles with a narrow distal part, and a v-shaped pronotum. With the description of Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n., eleven valid species of Mengenilla are currently recognised. Mengenilla moldrzykisp. n. is the third species of the genus with known females and female puparia. First instar larvae, endoparasitic larval stages, the male puparium and the host are unknown. The new species is also the first strepsipteran with a fully sequenced genome.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus