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Complete genome sequence of Allochromatium vinosum DSM 180(T).

Weissgerber T, Zigann R, Bruce D, Chang YJ, Detter JC, Han C, Hauser L, Jeffries CD, Land M, Munk AC, Tapia R, Dahl C - Stand Genomic Sci (2011)

Bottom Line: All members were isolated from freshwater, brackish water or marine habitats and are predominately obligate phototrophs.Here we describe the features of the organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation.The 3,669,074 bp genome with its 3,302 protein-coding and 64 RNA genes was sequenced within the Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Program.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Allochromatium vinosum formerly Chromatium vinosum is a mesophilic purple sulfur bacterium belonging to the family Chromatiaceae in the bacterial class Gammaproteobacteria. The genus Allochromatium contains currently five species. All members were isolated from freshwater, brackish water or marine habitats and are predominately obligate phototrophs. Here we describe the features of the organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. This is the first completed genome sequence of a member of the Chromatiaceae within the purple sulfur bacteria thriving in globally occurring habitats. The 3,669,074 bp genome with its 3,302 protein-coding and 64 RNA genes was sequenced within the Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Program.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Transmission electron micrograph of a cell of A. vinosum strain 9011 (Photo kindly provided by Hans G. Trüper, Bonn). Magnification × 59,050. As a result of the preparation for electron microscopy, the localization of sulfur globules is visible as “holes” in the electron micrograph.
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f2: Transmission electron micrograph of a cell of A. vinosum strain 9011 (Photo kindly provided by Hans G. Trüper, Bonn). Magnification × 59,050. As a result of the preparation for electron microscopy, the localization of sulfur globules is visible as “holes” in the electron micrograph.

Mentions: Cells of A. vinosum are Gram stain negative, rod shaped and about 2.0 µm x 2.5–6 µm in size [Figure 2]. There is a high intraspecies variation of the G + C content within the genus Allochromatium. For example the G + C content of A. vinosum (64.3%) and A. warmingii (55.1-60.2%) differs up to 10 mol % G + C content of the DNA. Cells of all species are motile and contain internal membrane structures of a vesicular type. The main carotinoid synthesized by A. vinosum and A. minutissimum belongs to the group of spirilloxanthins, whereas A. phaeobacterium and A. warmingii produce rhodopinals and A. renukae lycopenes, respectively. Optimal growth of A. vinosum is achieved within a temperature range between 25-35 °C and a pH range between 7.0-7.3, respectively [21].


Complete genome sequence of Allochromatium vinosum DSM 180(T).

Weissgerber T, Zigann R, Bruce D, Chang YJ, Detter JC, Han C, Hauser L, Jeffries CD, Land M, Munk AC, Tapia R, Dahl C - Stand Genomic Sci (2011)

Transmission electron micrograph of a cell of A. vinosum strain 9011 (Photo kindly provided by Hans G. Trüper, Bonn). Magnification × 59,050. As a result of the preparation for electron microscopy, the localization of sulfur globules is visible as “holes” in the electron micrograph.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368242&req=5

f2: Transmission electron micrograph of a cell of A. vinosum strain 9011 (Photo kindly provided by Hans G. Trüper, Bonn). Magnification × 59,050. As a result of the preparation for electron microscopy, the localization of sulfur globules is visible as “holes” in the electron micrograph.
Mentions: Cells of A. vinosum are Gram stain negative, rod shaped and about 2.0 µm x 2.5–6 µm in size [Figure 2]. There is a high intraspecies variation of the G + C content within the genus Allochromatium. For example the G + C content of A. vinosum (64.3%) and A. warmingii (55.1-60.2%) differs up to 10 mol % G + C content of the DNA. Cells of all species are motile and contain internal membrane structures of a vesicular type. The main carotinoid synthesized by A. vinosum and A. minutissimum belongs to the group of spirilloxanthins, whereas A. phaeobacterium and A. warmingii produce rhodopinals and A. renukae lycopenes, respectively. Optimal growth of A. vinosum is achieved within a temperature range between 25-35 °C and a pH range between 7.0-7.3, respectively [21].

Bottom Line: All members were isolated from freshwater, brackish water or marine habitats and are predominately obligate phototrophs.Here we describe the features of the organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation.The 3,669,074 bp genome with its 3,302 protein-coding and 64 RNA genes was sequenced within the Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Program.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Allochromatium vinosum formerly Chromatium vinosum is a mesophilic purple sulfur bacterium belonging to the family Chromatiaceae in the bacterial class Gammaproteobacteria. The genus Allochromatium contains currently five species. All members were isolated from freshwater, brackish water or marine habitats and are predominately obligate phototrophs. Here we describe the features of the organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. This is the first completed genome sequence of a member of the Chromatiaceae within the purple sulfur bacteria thriving in globally occurring habitats. The 3,669,074 bp genome with its 3,302 protein-coding and 64 RNA genes was sequenced within the Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Program.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus