Limits...
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Graphs showing the relationship between tree ring widths, SO2 emissions, and the amount of industrial production at studied plants. a Inverse ratio between tree ring widths at site 7 and the level of SO2 emissions from the Miasteczko Śląskie Zinc Foundry. b Inverse ratio between the tree ring widths at site 11 and the level of production at the Tarnowskie Góry Chemical Plant (periods of inverse proportionality are shaded gray)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig8: Graphs showing the relationship between tree ring widths, SO2 emissions, and the amount of industrial production at studied plants. a Inverse ratio between tree ring widths at site 7 and the level of SO2 emissions from the Miasteczko Śląskie Zinc Foundry. b Inverse ratio between the tree ring widths at site 11 and the level of production at the Tarnowskie Góry Chemical Plant (periods of inverse proportionality are shaded gray)

Mentions: Pines growing north of the zinc foundry (sites 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10)—a local source of pollution—showed reduced tree rings between 1960 and 2009 (Fig. 6). The greatest tree ring reductions occurred in 1970s, but reduced rings have been produced since the 1960s when the zinc foundry started to operate. In 1970–1990, the emissions of SO2 into the atmosphere from the plant were inversely proportional to the pine ring width at site 7, located relatively close to the zinc foundry (Fig. 8a). Due to local air pollution, pines growing near the foundry showed strongly reduced rings. The highest SO2 emissions were recorded in 1979. We found missing rings in 19 cores collected from trees growing at sites located close to the zinc foundry which demonstrates the extremely bad conditions for tree growth in that year. Additionally the winter of 1978/1979 was very harsh and also contributed to the reduced tree rings (Malik et al. 2009). For year 1979, a reduction was also found outside the zone influenced by pollution (at the reference site). When negative pointer years formed by climate conditions overlap with years of large harmful emission levels, tree ring reductions are relatively stronger (Vinš and Mrkva 1973; Jämbäck et al. 1999). To sum up, the strong tree ring reduction in 1979 was both due to climate conditions and air pollution.Fig. 8


Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Graphs showing the relationship between tree ring widths, SO2 emissions, and the amount of industrial production at studied plants. a Inverse ratio between tree ring widths at site 7 and the level of SO2 emissions from the Miasteczko Śląskie Zinc Foundry. b Inverse ratio between the tree ring widths at site 11 and the level of production at the Tarnowskie Góry Chemical Plant (periods of inverse proportionality are shaded gray)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig8: Graphs showing the relationship between tree ring widths, SO2 emissions, and the amount of industrial production at studied plants. a Inverse ratio between tree ring widths at site 7 and the level of SO2 emissions from the Miasteczko Śląskie Zinc Foundry. b Inverse ratio between the tree ring widths at site 11 and the level of production at the Tarnowskie Góry Chemical Plant (periods of inverse proportionality are shaded gray)
Mentions: Pines growing north of the zinc foundry (sites 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10)—a local source of pollution—showed reduced tree rings between 1960 and 2009 (Fig. 6). The greatest tree ring reductions occurred in 1970s, but reduced rings have been produced since the 1960s when the zinc foundry started to operate. In 1970–1990, the emissions of SO2 into the atmosphere from the plant were inversely proportional to the pine ring width at site 7, located relatively close to the zinc foundry (Fig. 8a). Due to local air pollution, pines growing near the foundry showed strongly reduced rings. The highest SO2 emissions were recorded in 1979. We found missing rings in 19 cores collected from trees growing at sites located close to the zinc foundry which demonstrates the extremely bad conditions for tree growth in that year. Additionally the winter of 1978/1979 was very harsh and also contributed to the reduced tree rings (Malik et al. 2009). For year 1979, a reduction was also found outside the zone influenced by pollution (at the reference site). When negative pointer years formed by climate conditions overlap with years of large harmful emission levels, tree ring reductions are relatively stronger (Vinš and Mrkva 1973; Jämbäck et al. 1999). To sum up, the strong tree ring reduction in 1979 was both due to climate conditions and air pollution.Fig. 8

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus