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Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of coal exploitation, and steel and electrical energy production in the USID with tree ring index and tree ring reductions. a Comparison of production of steel, electric energy, and exploitation of hard coal in the USID. b Number of sampled pines with ring reductions
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Fig7: Comparison of coal exploitation, and steel and electrical energy production in the USID with tree ring index and tree ring reductions. a Comparison of production of steel, electric energy, and exploitation of hard coal in the USID. b Number of sampled pines with ring reductions

Mentions: The transportation of pollution over long distances can contribute to the reductions in trees growing even several dozen kilometers from the emission sources (Danek 2007). In the studied area, it is not possible to separate regional and local effects on tree ring reductions. It is not clear what part of the observed reductions should be contributed to regional air pollution from the USID. As confirmation of not only the local but also probable regional checks of pine growth at the study sites, we observed a clear inverse ratio between the increase of coal exploitation, and steel and electrical energy production (Statistical Yearbooks of Katowice/Silesian Voivodeship 1958–2009), and the number of ring reductions (Fig. 7).Fig. 7


Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Comparison of coal exploitation, and steel and electrical energy production in the USID with tree ring index and tree ring reductions. a Comparison of production of steel, electric energy, and exploitation of hard coal in the USID. b Number of sampled pines with ring reductions
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig7: Comparison of coal exploitation, and steel and electrical energy production in the USID with tree ring index and tree ring reductions. a Comparison of production of steel, electric energy, and exploitation of hard coal in the USID. b Number of sampled pines with ring reductions
Mentions: The transportation of pollution over long distances can contribute to the reductions in trees growing even several dozen kilometers from the emission sources (Danek 2007). In the studied area, it is not possible to separate regional and local effects on tree ring reductions. It is not clear what part of the observed reductions should be contributed to regional air pollution from the USID. As confirmation of not only the local but also probable regional checks of pine growth at the study sites, we observed a clear inverse ratio between the increase of coal exploitation, and steel and electrical energy production (Statistical Yearbooks of Katowice/Silesian Voivodeship 1958–2009), and the number of ring reductions (Fig. 7).Fig. 7

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus