Limits...
Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Graph showing the ring reductions detected in cores (a) and the number of missing rings identified in cores (b) collected from all pines sampled
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig4: Graph showing the ring reductions detected in cores (a) and the number of missing rings identified in cores (b) collected from all pines sampled

Mentions: Strong tree ring reductions were discovered in pines growing near the USID (Figs. 4a, 5, and 6). The first period which showed reductions was 1925–1935. In the sampled pines, reductions were also recorded between 1950 and 1990, and since 2003 until now. The highest number of tree ring reductions occurred from 1964 to 1981. This suggests that air pollution was at its highest level during mentioned periods. Many missing rings were found in obtained tree ring series and, in general, they occurred at the same time as the highest number of reductions (Fig. 4b). The first period with missing rings was from 1925 to 1930. The second occurred between 1957 and 1990. Two peak years with the highest number of missing rings were detected: 1964 and 1979 (Fig. 4b).Fig. 4


Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Graph showing the ring reductions detected in cores (a) and the number of missing rings identified in cores (b) collected from all pines sampled
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig4: Graph showing the ring reductions detected in cores (a) and the number of missing rings identified in cores (b) collected from all pines sampled
Mentions: Strong tree ring reductions were discovered in pines growing near the USID (Figs. 4a, 5, and 6). The first period which showed reductions was 1925–1935. In the sampled pines, reductions were also recorded between 1950 and 1990, and since 2003 until now. The highest number of tree ring reductions occurred from 1964 to 1981. This suggests that air pollution was at its highest level during mentioned periods. Many missing rings were found in obtained tree ring series and, in general, they occurred at the same time as the highest number of reductions (Fig. 4b). The first period with missing rings was from 1925 to 1930. The second occurred between 1957 and 1990. Two peak years with the highest number of missing rings were detected: 1964 and 1979 (Fig. 4b).Fig. 4

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus