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Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Indicators of industrial production and pollution in the USID in the period 1937–2010. a The Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship. b The Miasteczko Śląskie zinc smelter. c The chemical plant in Tarnowskie Góry
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Fig2: Indicators of industrial production and pollution in the USID in the period 1937–2010. a The Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship. b The Miasteczko Śląskie zinc smelter. c The chemical plant in Tarnowskie Góry

Mentions: After the Second World War, heavy industry in the region was organized to suit communist conditions, those of the centrally planned economy of the Polish People’s Republic with its requirements of constant growth. The increase in industrial production rates began midway through the 1960s, with a peak in the late 1970s and 1980s (exploitation of coal, production of steel and electrical energy—Fig. 2a). In the late 1970s, production was four (in the case of coal), five (steel) to eight (electrical energy) times higher than in the 1960s (20–30 years earlier, see Fig. 2a).Fig. 2


Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Indicators of industrial production and pollution in the USID in the period 1937–2010. a The Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship. b The Miasteczko Śląskie zinc smelter. c The chemical plant in Tarnowskie Góry
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig2: Indicators of industrial production and pollution in the USID in the period 1937–2010. a The Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship. b The Miasteczko Śląskie zinc smelter. c The chemical plant in Tarnowskie Góry
Mentions: After the Second World War, heavy industry in the region was organized to suit communist conditions, those of the centrally planned economy of the Polish People’s Republic with its requirements of constant growth. The increase in industrial production rates began midway through the 1960s, with a peak in the late 1970s and 1980s (exploitation of coal, production of steel and electrical energy—Fig. 2a). In the late 1970s, production was four (in the case of coal), five (steel) to eight (electrical energy) times higher than in the 1960s (20–30 years earlier, see Fig. 2a).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus