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Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of the study area. a Study sites in the vicinity of Tarnowskie Góry town with tree ring reductions graphs. b Study area in Poland and Silesian Upland. c Upper Silesian Industrial District site in the Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship
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Fig1: Location of the study area. a Study sites in the vicinity of Tarnowskie Góry town with tree ring reductions graphs. b Study area in Poland and Silesian Upland. c Upper Silesian Industrial District site in the Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship

Mentions: The study was carried out in the Silesian Upland, about 5–20 km north of the USID, in the Silesian Voivodeship, where heavy industry operated without any environmental protection until 1990 (Fig. 1a–c). Sampling sites for dendrochronological studies were located in a flat area composed of sand and gravel where podzolic soils developed. Southwesterly and westerly winds dominate in the study area. Mean annual precipitation fluctuates at around 700 mm.Fig. 1


Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Growth Suppression and Adverse Effects on Human Health Due to Air Pollution in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), Southern Poland.

Malik I, Danek M, Marchwińska-Wyrwał E, Danek T, Wistuba M, Krąpiec M - Water Air Soil Pollut (2012)

Location of the study area. a Study sites in the vicinity of Tarnowskie Góry town with tree ring reductions graphs. b Study area in Poland and Silesian Upland. c Upper Silesian Industrial District site in the Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3368106&req=5

Fig1: Location of the study area. a Study sites in the vicinity of Tarnowskie Góry town with tree ring reductions graphs. b Study area in Poland and Silesian Upland. c Upper Silesian Industrial District site in the Katowickie/Silesian Voivodeship
Mentions: The study was carried out in the Silesian Upland, about 5–20 km north of the USID, in the Silesian Voivodeship, where heavy industry operated without any environmental protection until 1990 (Fig. 1a–c). Sampling sites for dendrochronological studies were located in a flat area composed of sand and gravel where podzolic soils developed. Southwesterly and westerly winds dominate in the study area. Mean annual precipitation fluctuates at around 700 mm.Fig. 1

Bottom Line: Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981.At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature.Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
Air pollution emissions were not continually monitored in the Upper Silesian Industrial District (USID), southern Poland, and data is only available for the last 20 years. Long-lasting and severe tree ring reductions in pines growing 5-20 km north of the USID area recorded particularly high levels of air pollution emissions in the period 1950-1990. Especially high amounts of reductions and many missing rings were found in the period 1964-1981. At the same time, pines growing 60 km west of the USID do not record deep ring reductions; this proves that the phenomenon is of a regional nature. Increases in infant mortality and lung, bronchial, and tracheal cancer morbidity rates among males were also recorded in the USID during periods of high air pollution. Infant mortality rates increased several years after the tree ring reductions. Therefore, it may be possible to use tree ring reductions as an early indicator of the occurrence of adverse effects on human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus