Limits...
Bat Nipah virus, Thailand.

Wacharapluesadee S, Lumlertdacha B, Boongird K, Wanghongsa S, Chanhome L, Rollin P, Stockton P, Rupprecht CE, Ksiazek TG, Hemachudha T - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005)

Bottom Line: Immunoglobulin G antibodies to NV were detected with enzyme immunoassay in 82 of 1,304 bats.NV RNA was found in bat saliva and urine.These data suggest the persistence of NV infection in Thai bats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. spwa02@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Surveillance for Nipah virus (NV) was conducted in Thailand's bat population. Immunoglobulin G antibodies to NV were detected with enzyme immunoassay in 82 of 1,304 bats. NV RNA was found in bat saliva and urine. These data suggest the persistence of NV infection in Thai bats.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Locations in Thailand where bats have been captured. 1 = Chon Buri, 2 = Sing Buri, 3 = Ayutthaya, 4 = Cha Choeng Sao, 5 = Ra Yong, 6 = Pra Chin Buri, 7 = Ratcha Buri, 8 = Surat Thani, 9 = Bangkok. Species analyzed: Cs = Cynopterus sphinx, Em=Emballonura monticola, Es = Eonycteris spelaea, Ha = Hipposideros armiger, Hl = Hipposideros larvatus, Ms = Megaderma spasma, Ph = Pteropus hypomelanus, Pl = P. lylei, Pv = P. vampyrus, Rs = Rousettus leschenaulti, Sh = Scotophilus heathi, Tp = Tadarida plicata.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3367639&req=5

Figure 1: Locations in Thailand where bats have been captured. 1 = Chon Buri, 2 = Sing Buri, 3 = Ayutthaya, 4 = Cha Choeng Sao, 5 = Ra Yong, 6 = Pra Chin Buri, 7 = Ratcha Buri, 8 = Surat Thani, 9 = Bangkok. Species analyzed: Cs = Cynopterus sphinx, Em=Emballonura monticola, Es = Eonycteris spelaea, Ha = Hipposideros armiger, Hl = Hipposideros larvatus, Ms = Megaderma spasma, Ph = Pteropus hypomelanus, Pl = P. lylei, Pv = P. vampyrus, Rs = Rousettus leschenaulti, Sh = Scotophilus heathi, Tp = Tadarida plicata.

Mentions: From March 2002 to February 2004, a total of 17 trips were made to 15 sites in 9 provinces in central, eastern, and southern Thailand (Figure). Bats were caught and blood samples were collected as previously described (10). Of 12 bat species collected, 6 were frugivorous and 6 were insectivorous (Figure). Seventy-one percent (932) of 1,304 samples were from Pteropus bats and 66% (857) were from P. lylei. Saliva and urine were obtained by swabbing and stored in tubes with 1.0 mL of NucliSens lysis buffer containing guanidine thiocyanate (bioMérieux, Boxtel, the Netherlands) for transporting. Liquid from ≈10 individual samples from the same species, colony, and time of capture was saved into the same pool. A total of 142 pools each were collected from 1,286 saliva and 1,282 urine specimens. The pooled specimens were frozen at –70°C until analysis.


Bat Nipah virus, Thailand.

Wacharapluesadee S, Lumlertdacha B, Boongird K, Wanghongsa S, Chanhome L, Rollin P, Stockton P, Rupprecht CE, Ksiazek TG, Hemachudha T - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005)

Locations in Thailand where bats have been captured. 1 = Chon Buri, 2 = Sing Buri, 3 = Ayutthaya, 4 = Cha Choeng Sao, 5 = Ra Yong, 6 = Pra Chin Buri, 7 = Ratcha Buri, 8 = Surat Thani, 9 = Bangkok. Species analyzed: Cs = Cynopterus sphinx, Em=Emballonura monticola, Es = Eonycteris spelaea, Ha = Hipposideros armiger, Hl = Hipposideros larvatus, Ms = Megaderma spasma, Ph = Pteropus hypomelanus, Pl = P. lylei, Pv = P. vampyrus, Rs = Rousettus leschenaulti, Sh = Scotophilus heathi, Tp = Tadarida plicata.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3367639&req=5

Figure 1: Locations in Thailand where bats have been captured. 1 = Chon Buri, 2 = Sing Buri, 3 = Ayutthaya, 4 = Cha Choeng Sao, 5 = Ra Yong, 6 = Pra Chin Buri, 7 = Ratcha Buri, 8 = Surat Thani, 9 = Bangkok. Species analyzed: Cs = Cynopterus sphinx, Em=Emballonura monticola, Es = Eonycteris spelaea, Ha = Hipposideros armiger, Hl = Hipposideros larvatus, Ms = Megaderma spasma, Ph = Pteropus hypomelanus, Pl = P. lylei, Pv = P. vampyrus, Rs = Rousettus leschenaulti, Sh = Scotophilus heathi, Tp = Tadarida plicata.
Mentions: From March 2002 to February 2004, a total of 17 trips were made to 15 sites in 9 provinces in central, eastern, and southern Thailand (Figure). Bats were caught and blood samples were collected as previously described (10). Of 12 bat species collected, 6 were frugivorous and 6 were insectivorous (Figure). Seventy-one percent (932) of 1,304 samples were from Pteropus bats and 66% (857) were from P. lylei. Saliva and urine were obtained by swabbing and stored in tubes with 1.0 mL of NucliSens lysis buffer containing guanidine thiocyanate (bioMérieux, Boxtel, the Netherlands) for transporting. Liquid from ≈10 individual samples from the same species, colony, and time of capture was saved into the same pool. A total of 142 pools each were collected from 1,286 saliva and 1,282 urine specimens. The pooled specimens were frozen at –70°C until analysis.

Bottom Line: Immunoglobulin G antibodies to NV were detected with enzyme immunoassay in 82 of 1,304 bats.NV RNA was found in bat saliva and urine.These data suggest the persistence of NV infection in Thai bats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. spwa02@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT
Surveillance for Nipah virus (NV) was conducted in Thailand's bat population. Immunoglobulin G antibodies to NV were detected with enzyme immunoassay in 82 of 1,304 bats. NV RNA was found in bat saliva and urine. These data suggest the persistence of NV infection in Thai bats.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus