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European bat lyssaviruses, The Netherlands.

Van der Poel WH, Van der Heide R, Verstraten ER, Takumi K, Lina PH, Kramps JA - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005)

Bottom Line: For all collected bats, data including species, age, sex, and date and location found were recorded.All recent serotine bat specimens clustered with genotype 5 (EBLV1) sequences, and homologies within subgenotypes EBLV1a and EBLV1b were 99.0%-100% and 99.2%-100%, respectively.Our findings indicate that EBLVs of genotype 5 are endemic in the serotine bat in the Netherlands.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. wim.vanderpoel@wur.nl

ABSTRACT
To study European bat lyssavirus (EBLV) in bat reservoirs in the Netherlands, native bats have been tested for rabies since 1984. For all collected bats, data including species, age, sex, and date and location found were recorded. A total of 1,219 serotine bats, Eptesicus serotinus, were tested, and 251 (21%) were positive for lyssavirus antigen. Five (4%) of 129 specimens from the pond bat, Myotis dasycneme, were positive. Recently detected EBLV RNA segments encoding the nucleoprotein were sequenced and analyzed phylogenetically (45 specimens). All recent serotine bat specimens clustered with genotype 5 (EBLV1) sequences, and homologies within subgenotypes EBLV1a and EBLV1b were 99.0%-100% and 99.2%-100%, respectively. Our findings indicate that EBLVs of genotype 5 are endemic in the serotine bat in the Netherlands. Since EBLVs can cause fatal infections in humans, all serotine and pond bats involved in contact incidents should be tested to determine whether the victim was exposed to EBLVs.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of submitted and lyssavirus antigen–positive samples from serotine bats, Eptesicus serotinus, collected in the Netherlands during the survey (1984–2003).
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Figure 1: Number of submitted and lyssavirus antigen–positive samples from serotine bats, Eptesicus serotinus, collected in the Netherlands during the survey (1984–2003).

Mentions: From 1984 to 2003, bats of 1 vagrant and 11 native species (Table 1) were tested for lyssavirus antigen. Lyssavirus was detected in 2 species only, the serotine bat and the pond bat, Myotis dasycneme. A total of 1,219 serotine bats and 129 pond bats were tested for lyssavirus antigen; 251 serotine bats and 5 pond bats were positive, which results in 21% and 4% prevalence, respectively. In the most common native bat species, the pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, EBLV was never detected (1,837 specimens tested). Approximately one third (32%) of all bats submitted for lyssavirus antigen testing were serotine bats (Table 1,Figure 1).


European bat lyssaviruses, The Netherlands.

Van der Poel WH, Van der Heide R, Verstraten ER, Takumi K, Lina PH, Kramps JA - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005)

Number of submitted and lyssavirus antigen–positive samples from serotine bats, Eptesicus serotinus, collected in the Netherlands during the survey (1984–2003).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3367619&req=5

Figure 1: Number of submitted and lyssavirus antigen–positive samples from serotine bats, Eptesicus serotinus, collected in the Netherlands during the survey (1984–2003).
Mentions: From 1984 to 2003, bats of 1 vagrant and 11 native species (Table 1) were tested for lyssavirus antigen. Lyssavirus was detected in 2 species only, the serotine bat and the pond bat, Myotis dasycneme. A total of 1,219 serotine bats and 129 pond bats were tested for lyssavirus antigen; 251 serotine bats and 5 pond bats were positive, which results in 21% and 4% prevalence, respectively. In the most common native bat species, the pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, EBLV was never detected (1,837 specimens tested). Approximately one third (32%) of all bats submitted for lyssavirus antigen testing were serotine bats (Table 1,Figure 1).

Bottom Line: For all collected bats, data including species, age, sex, and date and location found were recorded.All recent serotine bat specimens clustered with genotype 5 (EBLV1) sequences, and homologies within subgenotypes EBLV1a and EBLV1b were 99.0%-100% and 99.2%-100%, respectively.Our findings indicate that EBLVs of genotype 5 are endemic in the serotine bat in the Netherlands.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. wim.vanderpoel@wur.nl

ABSTRACT
To study European bat lyssavirus (EBLV) in bat reservoirs in the Netherlands, native bats have been tested for rabies since 1984. For all collected bats, data including species, age, sex, and date and location found were recorded. A total of 1,219 serotine bats, Eptesicus serotinus, were tested, and 251 (21%) were positive for lyssavirus antigen. Five (4%) of 129 specimens from the pond bat, Myotis dasycneme, were positive. Recently detected EBLV RNA segments encoding the nucleoprotein were sequenced and analyzed phylogenetically (45 specimens). All recent serotine bat specimens clustered with genotype 5 (EBLV1) sequences, and homologies within subgenotypes EBLV1a and EBLV1b were 99.0%-100% and 99.2%-100%, respectively. Our findings indicate that EBLVs of genotype 5 are endemic in the serotine bat in the Netherlands. Since EBLVs can cause fatal infections in humans, all serotine and pond bats involved in contact incidents should be tested to determine whether the victim was exposed to EBLVs.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus