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Human rabies in China.

Zhang YZ, Xiong CL, Xiao DL, Jiang RJ, Wang ZX, Zhang LZ, Fu ZF - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005)

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During the 55-year period, 108,412 human rabies cases were recorded in China... The Figure shows the number of annual cases from 1950 to 2004; 3 major epidemics of human rabies in China are apparent... During the 1980s, 55,367 cases were reported (>5,000 cases annually), representing >50% of the 108,412 cases seen during the entire period... In the early 1990s, the number of human cases decreased dramatically from 3,520 in 1990 to 159 in 1996... However, this downward trend reversed its course in 1998, and annual cases have increased gradually since then... In 2004, a total of 2,651 cases were reported, an increase of >16 fold when compared with the numbers in 1996... Now ≈0% of households in Guangxi, Guizhou, and Jiangsu, and Hunan, where the most cases were recorded in recent years, have >1 dog (data not shown)... The rabies epidemics in China since 1950 may be partially explained by dog population dynamics... The first major epidemic subsided at the end of the 1950s and the beginning of the 1960s, coinciding with pet reduction policy... However, neither the dramatic decline of rabies cases in the early part of 1990s nor the initiation of the third epidemic around the turn of the millennium could be explained simply by dog population dynamics... Wounds of 118 of 178 patients were not treated; 60 of the patients washed the wounds with soap and water... A total of 129 (72%) patients did not receive vaccine... Healthy carriers have been detected, and rabies virus antigen was found in 25 (10%) of 248 brain specimens from healthy dogs collected from Guangxi, Guizhou, and Jiangsu (data not shown) in 1 study... Further investigation is needed to confirm these findings.

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Annual rabies cases reported in China from 1950 to 2004.
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Figure 1: Annual rabies cases reported in China from 1950 to 2004.

Mentions: During the 55-year period, 108,412 human rabies cases were recorded in China. The Figure shows the number of annual cases from 1950 to 2004; 3 major epidemics of human rabies in China are apparent. In the early 1950s, only a few cases occurred; the first peak occurred from 1956 to 1957 with ≈,000 cases each year. Then the number of cases declined during subsequent years and was relatively constant throughout the 1960s. By 1969, the number of cases increased again to ≈,000. This ascending phase continued throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The second epidemic peaked in the early 1980s. In 1981, 7,037 cases were recorded, the largest number of cases in a single year during the 55-year period. During the 1980s, 55,367 cases were reported (>5,000 cases annually), representing >50% of the 108,412 cases seen during the entire period. In the early 1990s, the number of human cases decreased dramatically from 3,520 in 1990 to 159 in 1996. However, this downward trend reversed its course in 1998, and annual cases have increased gradually since then. In 2004, a total of 2,651 cases were reported, an increase of >16 fold when compared with the numbers in 1996. This third rabies epidemic apparently has not yet peaked.


Human rabies in China.

Zhang YZ, Xiong CL, Xiao DL, Jiang RJ, Wang ZX, Zhang LZ, Fu ZF - Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005)

Annual rabies cases reported in China from 1950 to 2004.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3367615&req=5

Figure 1: Annual rabies cases reported in China from 1950 to 2004.
Mentions: During the 55-year period, 108,412 human rabies cases were recorded in China. The Figure shows the number of annual cases from 1950 to 2004; 3 major epidemics of human rabies in China are apparent. In the early 1950s, only a few cases occurred; the first peak occurred from 1956 to 1957 with ≈,000 cases each year. Then the number of cases declined during subsequent years and was relatively constant throughout the 1960s. By 1969, the number of cases increased again to ≈,000. This ascending phase continued throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The second epidemic peaked in the early 1980s. In 1981, 7,037 cases were recorded, the largest number of cases in a single year during the 55-year period. During the 1980s, 55,367 cases were reported (>5,000 cases annually), representing >50% of the 108,412 cases seen during the entire period. In the early 1990s, the number of human cases decreased dramatically from 3,520 in 1990 to 159 in 1996. However, this downward trend reversed its course in 1998, and annual cases have increased gradually since then. In 2004, a total of 2,651 cases were reported, an increase of >16 fold when compared with the numbers in 1996. This third rabies epidemic apparently has not yet peaked.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

During the 55-year period, 108,412 human rabies cases were recorded in China... The Figure shows the number of annual cases from 1950 to 2004; 3 major epidemics of human rabies in China are apparent... During the 1980s, 55,367 cases were reported (>5,000 cases annually), representing >50% of the 108,412 cases seen during the entire period... In the early 1990s, the number of human cases decreased dramatically from 3,520 in 1990 to 159 in 1996... However, this downward trend reversed its course in 1998, and annual cases have increased gradually since then... In 2004, a total of 2,651 cases were reported, an increase of >16 fold when compared with the numbers in 1996... Now ≈0% of households in Guangxi, Guizhou, and Jiangsu, and Hunan, where the most cases were recorded in recent years, have >1 dog (data not shown)... The rabies epidemics in China since 1950 may be partially explained by dog population dynamics... The first major epidemic subsided at the end of the 1950s and the beginning of the 1960s, coinciding with pet reduction policy... However, neither the dramatic decline of rabies cases in the early part of 1990s nor the initiation of the third epidemic around the turn of the millennium could be explained simply by dog population dynamics... Wounds of 118 of 178 patients were not treated; 60 of the patients washed the wounds with soap and water... A total of 129 (72%) patients did not receive vaccine... Healthy carriers have been detected, and rabies virus antigen was found in 25 (10%) of 248 brain specimens from healthy dogs collected from Guangxi, Guizhou, and Jiangsu (data not shown) in 1 study... Further investigation is needed to confirm these findings.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus