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The Nearctic-Caribbean species Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius, 1801): Larval descriptions with a diagnosis of immature Ctenodactylini and natural history notes on the genus and tribe (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Erwin TL, White WH - Zookeys (2012)

Bottom Line: Both adult and larval Leptotrachelus dorsalis eat larvae of the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), and perhaps other insects living in the confines of the leaf sheaths of that and other grass-like species.The geographic range of Leptotrachelus dorsalis extends from Kansas in the west to the Atlantic seaboard, north as far as Ontario, Canada and south to Cuba; it is an eastern species of North America and the Caribbean.Larval character attributes that are shared with a related ctenodactyline, Askalaphium depressum (Bates), provide a preliminary basis for characterization of the immatures of tribe Ctenodactylini.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hyper-diversity Group, Department of Entomology, MRC-187, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, P.O. Box 37012, DC 20013-7012, USA.

ABSTRACT
Adults and larvae of Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius), the Sugarcane Savior Beetle, live in association with grasses, the larvae in the appressed leaf axils. Both adult and larval Leptotrachelus dorsalis eat larvae of the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), and perhaps other insects living in the confines of the leaf sheaths of that and other grass-like species. The geographic range of Leptotrachelus dorsalis extends from Kansas in the west to the Atlantic seaboard, north as far as Ontario, Canada and south to Cuba; it is an eastern species of North America and the Caribbean. Larval character attributes that are shared with a related ctenodactyline, Askalaphium depressum (Bates), provide a preliminary basis for characterization of the immatures of tribe Ctenodactylini.

No MeSH data available.


Adult, dorsal aspect, of Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius); adult from Wittman, Talbot County, MD. Apparent body length (ABL) = 8.1mm.
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Figure 2: Adult, dorsal aspect, of Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius); adult from Wittman, Talbot County, MD. Apparent body length (ABL) = 8.1mm.

Mentions: Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius) is known to occur in Canada – ON; Cuba; and the USA – AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, VA, and WV. According to Lindroth (1969), adults (Fig. 2) are found at the borders of pools and ponds where the vegetation is tall and rich, e.g., in cattail (Typha latifolia L.) swamps (Fig. 1) with tufts of Carex rostrata Stokes, Menyanthes sp., Solanum dulcamara L., and others. Adults take cover within the leaf axils of Typha latifolia stems. Adults are attracted to lights. In sugarcane, they are found within the canopy (top quarter) of the plant, the region of the sugarcane plant where the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) lays its eggs and where the neonate larvae become established behind the leaf sheaths of elongating internodes. Larvae of Leptotrachelus dorsalis are rarely encountered below this region, as young Sugarcane Borer larvae are also rarely encountered in association with the lower mature internodes.


The Nearctic-Caribbean species Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius, 1801): Larval descriptions with a diagnosis of immature Ctenodactylini and natural history notes on the genus and tribe (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Erwin TL, White WH - Zookeys (2012)

Adult, dorsal aspect, of Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius); adult from Wittman, Talbot County, MD. Apparent body length (ABL) = 8.1mm.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3367566&req=5

Figure 2: Adult, dorsal aspect, of Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius); adult from Wittman, Talbot County, MD. Apparent body length (ABL) = 8.1mm.
Mentions: Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius) is known to occur in Canada – ON; Cuba; and the USA – AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, VA, and WV. According to Lindroth (1969), adults (Fig. 2) are found at the borders of pools and ponds where the vegetation is tall and rich, e.g., in cattail (Typha latifolia L.) swamps (Fig. 1) with tufts of Carex rostrata Stokes, Menyanthes sp., Solanum dulcamara L., and others. Adults take cover within the leaf axils of Typha latifolia stems. Adults are attracted to lights. In sugarcane, they are found within the canopy (top quarter) of the plant, the region of the sugarcane plant where the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) lays its eggs and where the neonate larvae become established behind the leaf sheaths of elongating internodes. Larvae of Leptotrachelus dorsalis are rarely encountered below this region, as young Sugarcane Borer larvae are also rarely encountered in association with the lower mature internodes.

Bottom Line: Both adult and larval Leptotrachelus dorsalis eat larvae of the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), and perhaps other insects living in the confines of the leaf sheaths of that and other grass-like species.The geographic range of Leptotrachelus dorsalis extends from Kansas in the west to the Atlantic seaboard, north as far as Ontario, Canada and south to Cuba; it is an eastern species of North America and the Caribbean.Larval character attributes that are shared with a related ctenodactyline, Askalaphium depressum (Bates), provide a preliminary basis for characterization of the immatures of tribe Ctenodactylini.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hyper-diversity Group, Department of Entomology, MRC-187, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, P.O. Box 37012, DC 20013-7012, USA.

ABSTRACT
Adults and larvae of Leptotrachelus dorsalis (Fabricius), the Sugarcane Savior Beetle, live in association with grasses, the larvae in the appressed leaf axils. Both adult and larval Leptotrachelus dorsalis eat larvae of the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), and perhaps other insects living in the confines of the leaf sheaths of that and other grass-like species. The geographic range of Leptotrachelus dorsalis extends from Kansas in the west to the Atlantic seaboard, north as far as Ontario, Canada and south to Cuba; it is an eastern species of North America and the Caribbean. Larval character attributes that are shared with a related ctenodactyline, Askalaphium depressum (Bates), provide a preliminary basis for characterization of the immatures of tribe Ctenodactylini.

No MeSH data available.