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Suicide mortality in comparison to traffic accidents and homicides as causes of unnatural death. An analysis of 14,441 cases in Germany in the year 2010.

Lukaschek K, Erazo N, Baumert J, Ladwig KH - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2012)

Bottom Line: Mortality data were provided by the Federal Statistical Office giving death rates (related to 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (related to 100 deaths of individuals) for suicide, traffic accidents and homicide as well as YLL data.Of those, 10,021 subjects (69.4%) committed suicide, 3,942 (27.3%) died in traffic accidents, 478 (3.3%) were murdered.In both sexes, suicide was the leading cause of YLL (men: 314 YLL, women: 90 YLL).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Ingolstädter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany. karoline.lukaschek@helmholtz-muenchen.de

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess suicide mortality in comparison to traffic accidents and homicide deaths in Germany in the year 2010 and to compare years of life lost (YLL) due to these unnatural deaths.

Methods: Mortality data were provided by the Federal Statistical Office giving death rates (related to 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (related to 100 deaths of individuals) for suicide, traffic accidents and homicide as well as YLL data.

Results: A total of 14,441 unnatural deaths (suicide, traffic accidents, homicide) were reported in 2010 in Germany. Of those, 10,021 subjects (69.4%) committed suicide, 3,942 (27.3%) died in traffic accidents, 478 (3.3%) were murdered. Suicide death rates were by far the highest, with rates for men (18.6) three times higher than for women (6.1). For both sexes, suicide rates increased with age, whereas suicide as a proportion of all causes of death was higher in younger age groups. In both sexes, suicide was the leading cause of YLL (men: 314 YLL, women: 90 YLL).

Conclusions: Suicide is the leading cause of unnatural death and YLL. The sex- and age- specific patterns in suicide mortality call for different action plans to target high risk groups.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Event rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (per 100 deaths of all causes of death) of suicide, traffic accidents, and homicide in Germany (2010), stratified by sex and age.
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ijerph-09-00924-f001: Event rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (per 100 deaths of all causes of death) of suicide, traffic accidents, and homicide in Germany (2010), stratified by sex and age.

Mentions: Different age patterns for the specific causes of unnatural death in terms of event rates (right side) and proportions (left side) are illustrated in Figure 1. Suicide deaths showed a markedly contrasting pattern between rates and proportions. For both sexes, suicide rates increased remarkably with age, whereas the proportion of suicides of all causes of death was substantially higher in younger age groups, both sexes showing a peak between 20 and 24 years.


Suicide mortality in comparison to traffic accidents and homicides as causes of unnatural death. An analysis of 14,441 cases in Germany in the year 2010.

Lukaschek K, Erazo N, Baumert J, Ladwig KH - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2012)

Event rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (per 100 deaths of all causes of death) of suicide, traffic accidents, and homicide in Germany (2010), stratified by sex and age.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3367287&req=5

ijerph-09-00924-f001: Event rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (per 100 deaths of all causes of death) of suicide, traffic accidents, and homicide in Germany (2010), stratified by sex and age.
Mentions: Different age patterns for the specific causes of unnatural death in terms of event rates (right side) and proportions (left side) are illustrated in Figure 1. Suicide deaths showed a markedly contrasting pattern between rates and proportions. For both sexes, suicide rates increased remarkably with age, whereas the proportion of suicides of all causes of death was substantially higher in younger age groups, both sexes showing a peak between 20 and 24 years.

Bottom Line: Mortality data were provided by the Federal Statistical Office giving death rates (related to 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (related to 100 deaths of individuals) for suicide, traffic accidents and homicide as well as YLL data.Of those, 10,021 subjects (69.4%) committed suicide, 3,942 (27.3%) died in traffic accidents, 478 (3.3%) were murdered.In both sexes, suicide was the leading cause of YLL (men: 314 YLL, women: 90 YLL).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Centre for Environmental Health, Ingolstädter Landstrasse 1, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany. karoline.lukaschek@helmholtz-muenchen.de

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess suicide mortality in comparison to traffic accidents and homicide deaths in Germany in the year 2010 and to compare years of life lost (YLL) due to these unnatural deaths.

Methods: Mortality data were provided by the Federal Statistical Office giving death rates (related to 100,000 inhabitants) and proportions (related to 100 deaths of individuals) for suicide, traffic accidents and homicide as well as YLL data.

Results: A total of 14,441 unnatural deaths (suicide, traffic accidents, homicide) were reported in 2010 in Germany. Of those, 10,021 subjects (69.4%) committed suicide, 3,942 (27.3%) died in traffic accidents, 478 (3.3%) were murdered. Suicide death rates were by far the highest, with rates for men (18.6) three times higher than for women (6.1). For both sexes, suicide rates increased with age, whereas suicide as a proportion of all causes of death was higher in younger age groups. In both sexes, suicide was the leading cause of YLL (men: 314 YLL, women: 90 YLL).

Conclusions: Suicide is the leading cause of unnatural death and YLL. The sex- and age- specific patterns in suicide mortality call for different action plans to target high risk groups.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus