Limits...
Obese elderly women exhibit low postural stability: a novel three-dimensional evaluation system.

Carneiro JA, Santos-Pontelli TE, Vilaça KH, Pfrimer K, Colafêmina JF, Carneiro AA, Ferriolli E - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2012)

Bottom Line: Body composition was measured using the deuterium oxide dilution technique.The Polhemus(®) Patriot (three-dimensional) equipment was used to measure the parameters of postural balance along the anteroposterior and laterolateral axes.Obese elderly women exhibited a lower stability limit (lower sway area) compared with eutrophic women, leaving them more vulnerable to falls.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Department of Internal Medicine, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the multisegmental static postural balance of active eutrophic and obese elderly women using a three-dimensional system under different sensory conditions.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 31 elderly women (16 eutrophic and 15 obese) aged 65 to 75 years. The following anthropometric measurements were obtained: weight, height, waist and hip circumference, and handgrip strength. The physical activity level was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Body composition was measured using the deuterium oxide dilution technique. The Polhemus(®) Patriot (three-dimensional) equipment was used to measure the parameters of postural balance along the anteroposterior and laterolateral axes. The data acquisition involved one trial of 60 s to test the limit of stability and four trials of 90 s each under the following conditions: (1) eyes open, stable surface; (2) eyes closed, stable surface; (3) eyes open, unstable surface; and (4) eyes closed, unstable surface.

Results: For the limit of stability, significant differences were observed in the maximum anteroposterior and laterolateral displacement (p<0.01) and in the parameter maximum anteroposterior displacement in the eyes closed stable surface condition (p<0.01) and maximum anteroposterior and laterolateral displacement in the eyes open unstable surface (p<0.01 and p = 0.03) and eyes closed unstable surface (p<0.01 and p<0.01) conditions.

Conclusions: Obese elderly women exhibited a lower stability limit (lower sway area) compared with eutrophic women, leaving them more vulnerable to falls.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

The representative limit of stability of a eutrophic and an obese elderly woman (registered by sensor 2).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3351265&req=5

f3-cln_67p475: The representative limit of stability of a eutrophic and an obese elderly woman (registered by sensor 2).

Mentions: Figure 3) represents the LOS in eutrophic and obese elderly women with similar ages and heights. It shows a lower stability limit (smaller sway area) of the obese elderly compared with eutrophic elderly women.


Obese elderly women exhibit low postural stability: a novel three-dimensional evaluation system.

Carneiro JA, Santos-Pontelli TE, Vilaça KH, Pfrimer K, Colafêmina JF, Carneiro AA, Ferriolli E - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2012)

The representative limit of stability of a eutrophic and an obese elderly woman (registered by sensor 2).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3351265&req=5

f3-cln_67p475: The representative limit of stability of a eutrophic and an obese elderly woman (registered by sensor 2).
Mentions: Figure 3) represents the LOS in eutrophic and obese elderly women with similar ages and heights. It shows a lower stability limit (smaller sway area) of the obese elderly compared with eutrophic elderly women.

Bottom Line: Body composition was measured using the deuterium oxide dilution technique.The Polhemus(®) Patriot (three-dimensional) equipment was used to measure the parameters of postural balance along the anteroposterior and laterolateral axes.Obese elderly women exhibited a lower stability limit (lower sway area) compared with eutrophic women, leaving them more vulnerable to falls.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Department of Internal Medicine, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the multisegmental static postural balance of active eutrophic and obese elderly women using a three-dimensional system under different sensory conditions.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 31 elderly women (16 eutrophic and 15 obese) aged 65 to 75 years. The following anthropometric measurements were obtained: weight, height, waist and hip circumference, and handgrip strength. The physical activity level was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Body composition was measured using the deuterium oxide dilution technique. The Polhemus(®) Patriot (three-dimensional) equipment was used to measure the parameters of postural balance along the anteroposterior and laterolateral axes. The data acquisition involved one trial of 60 s to test the limit of stability and four trials of 90 s each under the following conditions: (1) eyes open, stable surface; (2) eyes closed, stable surface; (3) eyes open, unstable surface; and (4) eyes closed, unstable surface.

Results: For the limit of stability, significant differences were observed in the maximum anteroposterior and laterolateral displacement (p<0.01) and in the parameter maximum anteroposterior displacement in the eyes closed stable surface condition (p<0.01) and maximum anteroposterior and laterolateral displacement in the eyes open unstable surface (p<0.01 and p = 0.03) and eyes closed unstable surface (p<0.01 and p<0.01) conditions.

Conclusions: Obese elderly women exhibited a lower stability limit (lower sway area) compared with eutrophic women, leaving them more vulnerable to falls.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus