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Articles with short titles describing the results are cited more often.

Paiva CE, Lima JP, Paiva BS - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2012)

Bottom Line: The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles.Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles.Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Barretos Cancer Hospital, Department of Clinical Oncology, Division of Breast and Gynecological Cancers, SP, Brazil. caredupai@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate some features of article titles from open access journals and to assess the possible impact of these titles on predicting the number of article views and citations.

Methods: Research articles (n = 423, published in October 2008) from all Public Library of Science (PLoS) journals and from 12 Biomed Central (BMC) journals were evaluated. Publication metrics (views and citations) were analyzed in December 2011. The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles. The number of title characters, title typology, the use of a question mark, reference to a specific geographical region, and the use of a colon or a hyphen separating different ideas within a sentence were analyzed to identify predictors of views and citations. A logistic regression model was used to identify independent title characteristics that could predict citation rates.

Results: Short-titled articles had higher viewing and citation rates than those with longer titles. Titles containing a question mark, containing a reference to a specific geographical region, and that used a colon or a hyphen were associated with a lower number of citations. Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles. After multivariate analysis, only a low number of characters and title typology remained as predictors of the number of citations.

Conclusions: Some features of article titles can help predict the number of article views and citation counts. Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts. The findings presented here could be used by authors, reviewers, and editors to maximize the impact of articles in the scientific community.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

View and citation counts according to the numbers of characters in the titles. A) The numbers of views were statistically different among the three groups analyzed (p<0.001). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the other two groups (94.5 to 118 and >118) (p<0.01 for both). B) Citation counts were statistically significantly different among the three groups analyzed (p = 0.034). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the group with the greatest number of characters (>118) (p<0.05). Different letters (a, b, and c) designate statistically significant group differences.
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f1-cln_67p509: View and citation counts according to the numbers of characters in the titles. A) The numbers of views were statistically different among the three groups analyzed (p<0.001). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the other two groups (94.5 to 118 and >118) (p<0.01 for both). B) Citation counts were statistically significantly different among the three groups analyzed (p = 0.034). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the group with the greatest number of characters (>118) (p<0.05). Different letters (a, b, and c) designate statistically significant group differences.

Mentions: The median (IQR) numbers of views, according to the number of title characters, were 2892 (2404), 2446 (1655), and 2359 (1439) for the groups of article titles with ≤94.5 characters, 94.5 to 118 characters, and more than 118 characters, respectively (p<0.001). The group with the fewest characters (≤94.5) had significantly more views compared to the other two groups based on the post test analysis (p<0.01 for both) (Figure 1A).


Articles with short titles describing the results are cited more often.

Paiva CE, Lima JP, Paiva BS - Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2012)

View and citation counts according to the numbers of characters in the titles. A) The numbers of views were statistically different among the three groups analyzed (p<0.001). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the other two groups (94.5 to 118 and >118) (p<0.01 for both). B) Citation counts were statistically significantly different among the three groups analyzed (p = 0.034). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the group with the greatest number of characters (>118) (p<0.05). Different letters (a, b, and c) designate statistically significant group differences.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3351256&req=5

f1-cln_67p509: View and citation counts according to the numbers of characters in the titles. A) The numbers of views were statistically different among the three groups analyzed (p<0.001). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the other two groups (94.5 to 118 and >118) (p<0.01 for both). B) Citation counts were statistically significantly different among the three groups analyzed (p = 0.034). Post-hoc analyses showed that the group with the least number of characters (≤94.5) had significantly higher view counts compared with the group with the greatest number of characters (>118) (p<0.05). Different letters (a, b, and c) designate statistically significant group differences.
Mentions: The median (IQR) numbers of views, according to the number of title characters, were 2892 (2404), 2446 (1655), and 2359 (1439) for the groups of article titles with ≤94.5 characters, 94.5 to 118 characters, and more than 118 characters, respectively (p<0.001). The group with the fewest characters (≤94.5) had significantly more views compared to the other two groups based on the post test analysis (p<0.01 for both) (Figure 1A).

Bottom Line: The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles.Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles.Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Barretos Cancer Hospital, Department of Clinical Oncology, Division of Breast and Gynecological Cancers, SP, Brazil. caredupai@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate some features of article titles from open access journals and to assess the possible impact of these titles on predicting the number of article views and citations.

Methods: Research articles (n = 423, published in October 2008) from all Public Library of Science (PLoS) journals and from 12 Biomed Central (BMC) journals were evaluated. Publication metrics (views and citations) were analyzed in December 2011. The titles were classified according to their contents, namely methods-describing titles and results-describing titles. The number of title characters, title typology, the use of a question mark, reference to a specific geographical region, and the use of a colon or a hyphen separating different ideas within a sentence were analyzed to identify predictors of views and citations. A logistic regression model was used to identify independent title characteristics that could predict citation rates.

Results: Short-titled articles had higher viewing and citation rates than those with longer titles. Titles containing a question mark, containing a reference to a specific geographical region, and that used a colon or a hyphen were associated with a lower number of citations. Articles with results-describing titles were cited more often than those with methods-describing titles. After multivariate analysis, only a low number of characters and title typology remained as predictors of the number of citations.

Conclusions: Some features of article titles can help predict the number of article views and citation counts. Short titles presenting results or conclusions were independently associated with higher citation counts. The findings presented here could be used by authors, reviewers, and editors to maximize the impact of articles in the scientific community.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus