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Population prevalence of asthma and its determinants based on European Community Respiratory Health Survey in the United Arab Emirates.

Mahboub BH, Al-Hammadi S, Rafique M, Sulaiman N, Pawankar R, Al Redha AI, Mehta AC - BMC Pulm Med (2012)

Bottom Line: Prevalence of individual respiratory symptoms from the ECRHS screening questionnaire in all participants were generally ranging 8 - 10%, while participants 20-44 years presented lower prevalence in all symptoms (p < 0.05).The expected male:female ratio of reported wheezing and asthma attacks and its treatment by age was not observed.Participating women reported more individual symptoms than men.

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Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, P,O,Box 17666 Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

ABSTRACT

Background: No population study has explored the population distribution of adult asthma in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The objective is to estimate asthma prevalence in general population in UAE.

Methods: Using standard European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaires and tools, this is a cross-sectional assessment of a random sample of the population in established quotas of the seven Emirates in the UAE. We surveyed 1,220 participants, of which 63.2% were male, and 20.1% were UAE Nationals, with a mean (SD) age of 32.9 (14.1) years.

Results: Prevalence of individual respiratory symptoms from the ECRHS screening questionnaire in all participants were generally ranging 8 - 10%, while participants 20-44 years presented lower prevalence in all symptoms (p < 0.05). The expected male:female ratio of reported wheezing and asthma attacks and its treatment by age was not observed. Participating women reported more individual symptoms than men. Overall, there were 15.4% (95% C.I. 13.5 - 17.5) participants who fulfilled our screening criteria for asthma, while for consistency with ECRHS, there were 12.1% (95% C.I. 10.4 - 14.1) participants who fulfilled the ECRHS asthma definition, being 9.8% (95% C.I. 7.8 - 12.2) of those 20-44 years, that is 8.6% of male and 11.8% of female young adults participating.

Conclusion: We conclude that asthma is common in the UAE, and gender differences are not observed in reported asthma symptoms in young adults. This being the first population based study exploring the prevalence of asthma and its determinants in the United Arab Emirates based on the ECRHS.

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Self-reported age at first attack of asthma in male and female asthmatics (n = 110).
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Figure 3: Self-reported age at first attack of asthma in male and female asthmatics (n = 110).

Mentions: Finally, an approximation to asthma incidence is presented in Figure 3, from birth to age 50 years. As expected, the reported age of the first attack of asthma occurred more frequently in childhood and adolescence, but in males there was a peak in asthma incidence (10%) after the age of 20 years, while in females there was another peak in asthma incidence (7%) after the age of 25 years.


Population prevalence of asthma and its determinants based on European Community Respiratory Health Survey in the United Arab Emirates.

Mahboub BH, Al-Hammadi S, Rafique M, Sulaiman N, Pawankar R, Al Redha AI, Mehta AC - BMC Pulm Med (2012)

Self-reported age at first attack of asthma in male and female asthmatics (n = 110).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3306751&req=5

Figure 3: Self-reported age at first attack of asthma in male and female asthmatics (n = 110).
Mentions: Finally, an approximation to asthma incidence is presented in Figure 3, from birth to age 50 years. As expected, the reported age of the first attack of asthma occurred more frequently in childhood and adolescence, but in males there was a peak in asthma incidence (10%) after the age of 20 years, while in females there was another peak in asthma incidence (7%) after the age of 25 years.

Bottom Line: Prevalence of individual respiratory symptoms from the ECRHS screening questionnaire in all participants were generally ranging 8 - 10%, while participants 20-44 years presented lower prevalence in all symptoms (p < 0.05).The expected male:female ratio of reported wheezing and asthma attacks and its treatment by age was not observed.Participating women reported more individual symptoms than men.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, P,O,Box 17666 Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

ABSTRACT

Background: No population study has explored the population distribution of adult asthma in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The objective is to estimate asthma prevalence in general population in UAE.

Methods: Using standard European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaires and tools, this is a cross-sectional assessment of a random sample of the population in established quotas of the seven Emirates in the UAE. We surveyed 1,220 participants, of which 63.2% were male, and 20.1% were UAE Nationals, with a mean (SD) age of 32.9 (14.1) years.

Results: Prevalence of individual respiratory symptoms from the ECRHS screening questionnaire in all participants were generally ranging 8 - 10%, while participants 20-44 years presented lower prevalence in all symptoms (p < 0.05). The expected male:female ratio of reported wheezing and asthma attacks and its treatment by age was not observed. Participating women reported more individual symptoms than men. Overall, there were 15.4% (95% C.I. 13.5 - 17.5) participants who fulfilled our screening criteria for asthma, while for consistency with ECRHS, there were 12.1% (95% C.I. 10.4 - 14.1) participants who fulfilled the ECRHS asthma definition, being 9.8% (95% C.I. 7.8 - 12.2) of those 20-44 years, that is 8.6% of male and 11.8% of female young adults participating.

Conclusion: We conclude that asthma is common in the UAE, and gender differences are not observed in reported asthma symptoms in young adults. This being the first population based study exploring the prevalence of asthma and its determinants in the United Arab Emirates based on the ECRHS.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus