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Being mum's confidant, a boon or bane? Examining gender differences in the association of maternal disclosure with adolescents' depressive feelings.

Lichtwarck-Aschoff A, Finkenauer C, van de Vorst H, Engels RC - J Youth Adolesc (2011)

Bottom Line: In a sample of 428 families with a mean age of 13.36 (52% female) of the target adolescents, maternal and children's disclosure and depressive symptoms were assessed twice with an interval of 4 years.Controlling for the quality of the parent-child relationship and levels of maternal depressive symptoms, the analyses revealed an interaction effect for child's gender, moderating the effect of maternal disclosure on adolescents' depressive symptoms.Gender differences in socialization, communication, individuation and social networks might explain why daughters and sons are differently affected by maternal disclosure.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Montessorilaan 3, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. A.Lichtwarck-Aschoff@pwo.ru.nl

ABSTRACT
This article reports on a longitudinal study investigating gender differences in the association between maternal disclosure and adolescents' depressive symptoms. Little research has examined the relationship of parental disclosure to adolescents' depressive symptoms and research on sex differences is particularly lacking. In a sample of 428 families with a mean age of 13.36 (52% female) of the target adolescents, maternal and children's disclosure and depressive symptoms were assessed twice with an interval of 4 years. Controlling for the quality of the parent-child relationship and levels of maternal depressive symptoms, the analyses revealed an interaction effect for child's gender, moderating the effect of maternal disclosure on adolescents' depressive symptoms. Higher levels of maternal disclosure were accompanied by lower levels of depressive symptoms in girls and higher levels of depressive symptoms in boys. Gender differences in socialization, communication, individuation and social networks might explain why daughters and sons are differently affected by maternal disclosure.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Plotted interaction between maternal disclosure at T1 and child’s depressive feelings 4 years later: longitudinal analysis
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Fig2: Plotted interaction between maternal disclosure at T1 and child’s depressive feelings 4 years later: longitudinal analysis

Mentions: Child’s depressive feelings at baseline were predicting depressive feelings 4 years later. Again, interaction terms were computed to assess whether child and maternal disclosure had differential associations with depressive feelings over time for girls and boys. It appeared that concerning their own disclosure, boys’ and girls’ disclosure had no differential associations with depressive feelings over time (Table 3). Nevertheless, maternal disclosure, according to children themselves, was differently related to changes in child depressive feelings over time (B = −.18, p < .01). Plotting the analyses (Fig. 2) showed that higher maternal disclosure was related to higher levels of depressive feelings in boys and lower levels of depressive feelings in girls.Fig. 2


Being mum's confidant, a boon or bane? Examining gender differences in the association of maternal disclosure with adolescents' depressive feelings.

Lichtwarck-Aschoff A, Finkenauer C, van de Vorst H, Engels RC - J Youth Adolesc (2011)

Plotted interaction between maternal disclosure at T1 and child’s depressive feelings 4 years later: longitudinal analysis
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3298738&req=5

Fig2: Plotted interaction between maternal disclosure at T1 and child’s depressive feelings 4 years later: longitudinal analysis
Mentions: Child’s depressive feelings at baseline were predicting depressive feelings 4 years later. Again, interaction terms were computed to assess whether child and maternal disclosure had differential associations with depressive feelings over time for girls and boys. It appeared that concerning their own disclosure, boys’ and girls’ disclosure had no differential associations with depressive feelings over time (Table 3). Nevertheless, maternal disclosure, according to children themselves, was differently related to changes in child depressive feelings over time (B = −.18, p < .01). Plotting the analyses (Fig. 2) showed that higher maternal disclosure was related to higher levels of depressive feelings in boys and lower levels of depressive feelings in girls.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: In a sample of 428 families with a mean age of 13.36 (52% female) of the target adolescents, maternal and children's disclosure and depressive symptoms were assessed twice with an interval of 4 years.Controlling for the quality of the parent-child relationship and levels of maternal depressive symptoms, the analyses revealed an interaction effect for child's gender, moderating the effect of maternal disclosure on adolescents' depressive symptoms.Gender differences in socialization, communication, individuation and social networks might explain why daughters and sons are differently affected by maternal disclosure.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Montessorilaan 3, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. A.Lichtwarck-Aschoff@pwo.ru.nl

ABSTRACT
This article reports on a longitudinal study investigating gender differences in the association between maternal disclosure and adolescents' depressive symptoms. Little research has examined the relationship of parental disclosure to adolescents' depressive symptoms and research on sex differences is particularly lacking. In a sample of 428 families with a mean age of 13.36 (52% female) of the target adolescents, maternal and children's disclosure and depressive symptoms were assessed twice with an interval of 4 years. Controlling for the quality of the parent-child relationship and levels of maternal depressive symptoms, the analyses revealed an interaction effect for child's gender, moderating the effect of maternal disclosure on adolescents' depressive symptoms. Higher levels of maternal disclosure were accompanied by lower levels of depressive symptoms in girls and higher levels of depressive symptoms in boys. Gender differences in socialization, communication, individuation and social networks might explain why daughters and sons are differently affected by maternal disclosure.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus