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A quarter of a century succession of epigaeic beetle assemblages in remnant habitats in an urbanized matrix (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Gandhi KJ, Epstein ME, Koehle JJ, Purrington FF - Zookeys (2011)

Bottom Line: These remnant habitats were increasingly colonized by exotic carabid species as Carabus granulatus granulatus Linneaus, Clivina fossor (Linneaus) and Platynus melanarius (Illiger), that were trapped for the first time in 2005.Species composition of epigaeic beetles was quite distinct in 2005 from 1980 with 39 species reported for the first time in 2005, indicating a high turnover of assemblages.As our sampled areas are among some of the last remnants of the original oak savanna habitats in central Minnesota, we hypothesize that conservation of these sites may be critical to maintaining epigaeic beetle assemblages under increased urbanization pressure.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Daniel B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 30602, USA.

ABSTRACT
We studied the long-term (23-24 years) species turnover and succession of epigaeic beetle assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae, incl. Cicindelinae) in three remnant habitats [cottonwood (Populus spp.) and oak (Quercus spp.) stands, and old fields] that are embedded within highly urbanized areas in central Minnesota. A total of 9,710 beetle individuals belonging to 98 species were caught in three sampling years: 1980, 1981 and 2005 in pitfall traps in identical locations within each habitat. Results indicate that there were 2-3 times greater trap catches in 2005 than in 1980 (cottonwood and oak stands, and old fields) and 1.4-1.7 times greater species diversity of beetles in 2005 than in the 1980-1981 suggesting increased habitat association by beetles over time. Although there were no significant differences in catches between 2005 and 1981 (only cottonwood stands and old fields), there was a trend where more beetles were caught in 2005. At the species-level, 10 times more of an open-habitat carabid species, Cyclotrachelus sodalis sodalis LeConte, was caught in 2005 than in 1980. However, trap catches of five other abundant carabid species [Pterostichus novus Straneo, Platynus decentis (Say), Platynus mutus (Say), Calathus gregarius (Say), and Poecilus lucublandus lucublandus (Say)] did not change indicating population stability of some beetle species. These remnant habitats were increasingly colonized by exotic carabid species as Carabus granulatus granulatus Linneaus, Clivina fossor (Linneaus) and Platynus melanarius (Illiger), that were trapped for the first time in 2005. Species composition of epigaeic beetles was quite distinct in 2005 from 1980 with 39 species reported for the first time in 2005, indicating a high turnover of assemblages. At the habitat-level, greatest species diversity was in cottonwood stands and lowest was in old fields, and all habitat types in 2005 diverged from those in 1980s, but not cottonwood stands in 1981. As our sampled areas are among some of the last remnants of the original oak savanna habitats in central Minnesota, we hypothesize that conservation of these sites may be critical to maintaining epigaeic beetle assemblages under increased urbanization pressure.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean (+SE) standardized total catches of epigaeic beetles (A), and Cyclotrachelus sodalis sodalis LeConte (B) caught in 1980 and 2005 in cottonwood (N = 3) and oak (N =4) stands, and old fields (N = 2).
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Figure 2: Mean (+SE) standardized total catches of epigaeic beetles (A), and Cyclotrachelus sodalis sodalis LeConte (B) caught in 1980 and 2005 in cottonwood (N = 3) and oak (N =4) stands, and old fields (N = 2).

Mentions: For the total number of beetle catches for 1980 and 2005, there were significant differences between years (F1,6 = 37.32; P < 0.001), but not between habitats (F2,6 = 3.76; P = 0.087), or their interactions (F2,6 = 1.29; P = 0.341). About 2-3 times more beetles were caught in 2005 than in 1980 across all habitats (Fig. 2A). For the total number of beetle catches for 1981 and 2005, there were no significant differences between years (F1,3 = 4.02; P = 0.139), habitats (F2,6 = 3.76; P = 0.087), or their interactions (F2,6 = 0.01; P = 0.930). However, there was a trend where 1.5 times more beetles were caught in 2005 than in 1981. Since the interaction terms were not significant in either of the analyses, this suggests that the habitat associations of beetles had remained largely unchanged over time.


A quarter of a century succession of epigaeic beetle assemblages in remnant habitats in an urbanized matrix (Coleoptera, Carabidae).

Gandhi KJ, Epstein ME, Koehle JJ, Purrington FF - Zookeys (2011)

Mean (+SE) standardized total catches of epigaeic beetles (A), and Cyclotrachelus sodalis sodalis LeConte (B) caught in 1980 and 2005 in cottonwood (N = 3) and oak (N =4) stands, and old fields (N = 2).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3286239&req=5

Figure 2: Mean (+SE) standardized total catches of epigaeic beetles (A), and Cyclotrachelus sodalis sodalis LeConte (B) caught in 1980 and 2005 in cottonwood (N = 3) and oak (N =4) stands, and old fields (N = 2).
Mentions: For the total number of beetle catches for 1980 and 2005, there were significant differences between years (F1,6 = 37.32; P < 0.001), but not between habitats (F2,6 = 3.76; P = 0.087), or their interactions (F2,6 = 1.29; P = 0.341). About 2-3 times more beetles were caught in 2005 than in 1980 across all habitats (Fig. 2A). For the total number of beetle catches for 1981 and 2005, there were no significant differences between years (F1,3 = 4.02; P = 0.139), habitats (F2,6 = 3.76; P = 0.087), or their interactions (F2,6 = 0.01; P = 0.930). However, there was a trend where 1.5 times more beetles were caught in 2005 than in 1981. Since the interaction terms were not significant in either of the analyses, this suggests that the habitat associations of beetles had remained largely unchanged over time.

Bottom Line: These remnant habitats were increasingly colonized by exotic carabid species as Carabus granulatus granulatus Linneaus, Clivina fossor (Linneaus) and Platynus melanarius (Illiger), that were trapped for the first time in 2005.Species composition of epigaeic beetles was quite distinct in 2005 from 1980 with 39 species reported for the first time in 2005, indicating a high turnover of assemblages.As our sampled areas are among some of the last remnants of the original oak savanna habitats in central Minnesota, we hypothesize that conservation of these sites may be critical to maintaining epigaeic beetle assemblages under increased urbanization pressure.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Daniel B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 30602, USA.

ABSTRACT
We studied the long-term (23-24 years) species turnover and succession of epigaeic beetle assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae, incl. Cicindelinae) in three remnant habitats [cottonwood (Populus spp.) and oak (Quercus spp.) stands, and old fields] that are embedded within highly urbanized areas in central Minnesota. A total of 9,710 beetle individuals belonging to 98 species were caught in three sampling years: 1980, 1981 and 2005 in pitfall traps in identical locations within each habitat. Results indicate that there were 2-3 times greater trap catches in 2005 than in 1980 (cottonwood and oak stands, and old fields) and 1.4-1.7 times greater species diversity of beetles in 2005 than in the 1980-1981 suggesting increased habitat association by beetles over time. Although there were no significant differences in catches between 2005 and 1981 (only cottonwood stands and old fields), there was a trend where more beetles were caught in 2005. At the species-level, 10 times more of an open-habitat carabid species, Cyclotrachelus sodalis sodalis LeConte, was caught in 2005 than in 1980. However, trap catches of five other abundant carabid species [Pterostichus novus Straneo, Platynus decentis (Say), Platynus mutus (Say), Calathus gregarius (Say), and Poecilus lucublandus lucublandus (Say)] did not change indicating population stability of some beetle species. These remnant habitats were increasingly colonized by exotic carabid species as Carabus granulatus granulatus Linneaus, Clivina fossor (Linneaus) and Platynus melanarius (Illiger), that were trapped for the first time in 2005. Species composition of epigaeic beetles was quite distinct in 2005 from 1980 with 39 species reported for the first time in 2005, indicating a high turnover of assemblages. At the habitat-level, greatest species diversity was in cottonwood stands and lowest was in old fields, and all habitat types in 2005 diverged from those in 1980s, but not cottonwood stands in 1981. As our sampled areas are among some of the last remnants of the original oak savanna habitats in central Minnesota, we hypothesize that conservation of these sites may be critical to maintaining epigaeic beetle assemblages under increased urbanization pressure.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus