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First records of Synoeca septentrionalis Richards, 1978 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Epiponini) in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest.

Menezes RS, Andena SR, Carvalho AF, Costa MA - Zookeys (2011)

Bottom Line: Nests of Synoeca septentrionalis were collected in two Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest localities (Itabuna and Santa Terezinha, in the state of Bahia and Alfredo Chaves in the state of Espírito Santo).Synoeca septentrionalis was previously recorded only from Central America and northwestern South America.This findingextends its geographical distribution to Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil, and represents the first record for Synoeca septentrionalis in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain forest, raising to three the number of Synoeca species known from Bahia State.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Rod Ilhéus/Itabuna Km 16, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil, 45650-000.

ABSTRACT
Nests of Synoeca septentrionalis were collected in two Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest localities (Itabuna and Santa Terezinha, in the state of Bahia and Alfredo Chaves in the state of Espírito Santo). Synoeca septentrionalis was previously recorded only from Central America and northwestern South America. This findingextends its geographical distribution to Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil, and represents the first record for Synoeca septentrionalis in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain forest, raising to three the number of Synoeca species known from Bahia State.

No MeSH data available.


Nest of Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Santa Terezinha in the state of Bahia.
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Figure 1: Nest of Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Santa Terezinha in the state of Bahia.

Mentions: The nests collected present a longitudinal groove extending from top to bottom, and a central-dorsal ridge (Fig. 1). Richards (1978: 181) reported similar nests features in Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Cali (Colombia). The nest of Synoeca surinama is similar to Synoeca septentrionalis with a central-dorsal ridge (Castellon, 1980: fig. 5). However, nest of Synoeca surinama has a keel instead of a groove. The nests were found attached to tree trunks (Santa Terezinha c. 1,70 m from the ground and two combs; Itabuna c. 6 m from the ground and one comb) and attached on the rock (Alfredo Chaves c. 2,10 m from the ground and two combs). Elisei et al. (2005) and Sidnei Mateus (pers. com.) also recorded nests of Synoeca cyanea attached on the rock in the states of Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso.


First records of Synoeca septentrionalis Richards, 1978 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Epiponini) in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest.

Menezes RS, Andena SR, Carvalho AF, Costa MA - Zookeys (2011)

Nest of Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Santa Terezinha in the state of Bahia.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons-attribution
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3286226&req=5

Figure 1: Nest of Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Santa Terezinha in the state of Bahia.
Mentions: The nests collected present a longitudinal groove extending from top to bottom, and a central-dorsal ridge (Fig. 1). Richards (1978: 181) reported similar nests features in Synoeca septentrionalis collected in Cali (Colombia). The nest of Synoeca surinama is similar to Synoeca septentrionalis with a central-dorsal ridge (Castellon, 1980: fig. 5). However, nest of Synoeca surinama has a keel instead of a groove. The nests were found attached to tree trunks (Santa Terezinha c. 1,70 m from the ground and two combs; Itabuna c. 6 m from the ground and one comb) and attached on the rock (Alfredo Chaves c. 2,10 m from the ground and two combs). Elisei et al. (2005) and Sidnei Mateus (pers. com.) also recorded nests of Synoeca cyanea attached on the rock in the states of Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso.

Bottom Line: Nests of Synoeca septentrionalis were collected in two Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest localities (Itabuna and Santa Terezinha, in the state of Bahia and Alfredo Chaves in the state of Espírito Santo).Synoeca septentrionalis was previously recorded only from Central America and northwestern South America.This findingextends its geographical distribution to Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil, and represents the first record for Synoeca septentrionalis in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain forest, raising to three the number of Synoeca species known from Bahia State.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Rod Ilhéus/Itabuna Km 16, Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil, 45650-000.

ABSTRACT
Nests of Synoeca septentrionalis were collected in two Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest localities (Itabuna and Santa Terezinha, in the state of Bahia and Alfredo Chaves in the state of Espírito Santo). Synoeca septentrionalis was previously recorded only from Central America and northwestern South America. This findingextends its geographical distribution to Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil, and represents the first record for Synoeca septentrionalis in the Brazilian Atlantic Rain forest, raising to three the number of Synoeca species known from Bahia State.

No MeSH data available.