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Measuring empathizing and systemizing with a large US sample.

Wright DB, Skagerberg EM - PLoS ONE (2012)

Bottom Line: These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale.Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores.If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, United States of America. dwright@fiu.edu

ABSTRACT
A large number of people completed one of two versions of the empathizing quotient (EQ) and systemizing quotient (SQ). One version had the negatively phrased items all re-worded. These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale. Subjects gave self-assessments of empathizing and systemizing, and these were moderately correlated, r ≈ .6, with their respective quotients. Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores. If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

Show MeSH
The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the self-assessed empathy ratings (left panel) and the self-assessed systemizing ratings (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).
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pone-0031661-g007: The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the self-assessed empathy ratings (left panel) and the self-assessed systemizing ratings (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).

Mentions: We also tested whether the scores on the self-assessed empathizing and systemizing questions varied by gender. Figure 7 shows the distributions for these. The distributions are not as smooth as those for the EQ and SQ, but given that they are based on only a single question it is reassuring that they do show the same basic finding. Females have a higher mean empathizing score than males, 77.97 versus 68.16, t(5070) = 15.36, p<.001, shift of .44 of a standard deviation. Males have a higher mean systemizing score than females, 67.16 versus 51.90, t(5070) = 18.95, p<.001, shift of .55 of a standard deviation. As with the psychometric scores, we randomly choose one million male-female pairs. For empathizing, females were higher on 62.03%, males were higher on 35.19%, and the pair had the same score on 2.78%. For systemizing, males were higher 64.24%, females were higher 34.13%, and the pair had the same score on 1.62%.


Measuring empathizing and systemizing with a large US sample.

Wright DB, Skagerberg EM - PLoS ONE (2012)

The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the self-assessed empathy ratings (left panel) and the self-assessed systemizing ratings (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3285168&req=5

pone-0031661-g007: The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the self-assessed empathy ratings (left panel) and the self-assessed systemizing ratings (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).
Mentions: We also tested whether the scores on the self-assessed empathizing and systemizing questions varied by gender. Figure 7 shows the distributions for these. The distributions are not as smooth as those for the EQ and SQ, but given that they are based on only a single question it is reassuring that they do show the same basic finding. Females have a higher mean empathizing score than males, 77.97 versus 68.16, t(5070) = 15.36, p<.001, shift of .44 of a standard deviation. Males have a higher mean systemizing score than females, 67.16 versus 51.90, t(5070) = 18.95, p<.001, shift of .55 of a standard deviation. As with the psychometric scores, we randomly choose one million male-female pairs. For empathizing, females were higher on 62.03%, males were higher on 35.19%, and the pair had the same score on 2.78%. For systemizing, males were higher 64.24%, females were higher 34.13%, and the pair had the same score on 1.62%.

Bottom Line: These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale.Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores.If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, United States of America. dwright@fiu.edu

ABSTRACT
A large number of people completed one of two versions of the empathizing quotient (EQ) and systemizing quotient (SQ). One version had the negatively phrased items all re-worded. These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale. Subjects gave self-assessments of empathizing and systemizing, and these were moderately correlated, r ≈ .6, with their respective quotients. Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores. If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

Show MeSH