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Measuring empathizing and systemizing with a large US sample.

Wright DB, Skagerberg EM - PLoS ONE (2012)

Bottom Line: These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale.Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores.If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, United States of America. dwright@fiu.edu

ABSTRACT
A large number of people completed one of two versions of the empathizing quotient (EQ) and systemizing quotient (SQ). One version had the negatively phrased items all re-worded. These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale. Subjects gave self-assessments of empathizing and systemizing, and these were moderately correlated, r ≈ .6, with their respective quotients. Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores. If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

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The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the EQ (left panel) and the SQ (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).
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pone-0031661-g006: The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the EQ (left panel) and the SQ (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).

Mentions: Most people do not think in terms of shifts in standard deviations. Figure 6 shows the distributions for the two measures. While the gender differences are of a medium size (in Cohen's terms) and statistically significant, the distributions overlap. If one male and one female were sampled at random from these distributions (these percentages are based on sampling a million pairs), 66.76% of the time the female would have the higher empathizing score, 31.11% of the time the male would have the higher empathizing score, and 2.13% of the time the scores would be identical. For the systemizing scores, the males would have the higher score 62.72% of the time, the female the higher score 36.33% of the time, and they would have the same score 0.95% of the time. An R function for calculating this statistic is shown in Appendix S1.


Measuring empathizing and systemizing with a large US sample.

Wright DB, Skagerberg EM - PLoS ONE (2012)

The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the EQ (left panel) and the SQ (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3285168&req=5

pone-0031661-g006: The distribution of mean responses for males and females for the EQ (left panel) and the SQ (right panel).The distributions are drawn using a Gaussian kernel estimation method (the R default).
Mentions: Most people do not think in terms of shifts in standard deviations. Figure 6 shows the distributions for the two measures. While the gender differences are of a medium size (in Cohen's terms) and statistically significant, the distributions overlap. If one male and one female were sampled at random from these distributions (these percentages are based on sampling a million pairs), 66.76% of the time the female would have the higher empathizing score, 31.11% of the time the male would have the higher empathizing score, and 2.13% of the time the scores would be identical. For the systemizing scores, the males would have the higher score 62.72% of the time, the female the higher score 36.33% of the time, and they would have the same score 0.95% of the time. An R function for calculating this statistic is shown in Appendix S1.

Bottom Line: These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale.Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores.If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, United States of America. dwright@fiu.edu

ABSTRACT
A large number of people completed one of two versions of the empathizing quotient (EQ) and systemizing quotient (SQ). One version had the negatively phrased items all re-worded. These re-worded items were answered more rapidly than the original items, and for the SQ produced a more reliable scale. Subjects gave self-assessments of empathizing and systemizing, and these were moderately correlated, r ≈ .6, with their respective quotients. Females had on average higher empathizing scores and males had on average higher systemizing scores. If a female-male pair was chosen at random, the female would have the higher empathizing score about two-thirds of the time, and the males would have the higher systemizing score about two-thirds of the time.

Show MeSH