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Importance of local knowledge in plant resources management and conservation in two protected areas from Trás-os-Montes, Portugal.

Carvalho AM, Frazão-Moreira A - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2011)

Bottom Line: Many European protected areas were legally created to preserve and maintain biological diversity, unique natural features and associated cultural heritage.To be successful it is absolutely necessary to make people active participants, not simply integrate and validate their knowledge and expertise.Local knowledge is also an interesting tool for educational and promotional programs.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: CIMO (Centro de Investigação de Montanha), Dept, Biologia e Biotecnologia, Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal. anacarv@ipb.pt

ABSTRACT
Many European protected areas were legally created to preserve and maintain biological diversity, unique natural features and associated cultural heritage. Built over centuries as a result of geographical and historical factors interacting with human activity, these territories are reservoirs of resources, practices and knowledge that have been the essential basis of their creation. Under social and economical transformations several components of such areas tend to be affected and their protection status endangered.Carrying out ethnobotanical surveys and extensive field work using anthropological methodologies, particularly with key-informants, we report changes observed and perceived in two natural parks in Trás-os-Montes, Portugal, that affect local plant-use systems and consequently local knowledge. By means of informants' testimonies and of our own observation and experience we discuss the importance of local knowledge and of local communities' participation to protected areas design, management and maintenance. We confirm that local knowledge provides new insights and opportunities for sustainable and multipurpose use of resources and offers contemporary strategies for preserving cultural and ecological diversity, which are the main purposes and challenges of protected areas. To be successful it is absolutely necessary to make people active participants, not simply integrate and validate their knowledge and expertise. Local knowledge is also an interesting tool for educational and promotional programs.

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Local knowledge is an important tool for educational and promotional purposes within natural resources conservation, management and sustainable use.
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Figure 7: Local knowledge is an important tool for educational and promotional purposes within natural resources conservation, management and sustainable use.

Mentions: The recently created (April 2010) Ecomuseum of Terra de Miranda (Figure 5) in the PNDI territory is an interesting community-based approach to the conservation and management of natural resources, as well as tangible and intangible heritage. The Ecomuseum is a direct result of a local initiative with the PNDI authorities consent. Despite his youth and peripheral location (Miranda do Douro is the most interior northeastern Portuguese region only accessed by an old national road) the Ecomuseum of Terra de Miranda has already developed several educational activities involving seven hundred participants, including local population, children and students, universities and research centers, tourists and public in general (Figures 6 and 7). The Ecomuseum is also trying to promote in situ and ex situ conservation involving local farmers, homegardeners and the Portuguese Gene Bank.


Importance of local knowledge in plant resources management and conservation in two protected areas from Trás-os-Montes, Portugal.

Carvalho AM, Frazão-Moreira A - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2011)

Local knowledge is an important tool for educational and promotional purposes within natural resources conservation, management and sustainable use.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3285080&req=5

Figure 7: Local knowledge is an important tool for educational and promotional purposes within natural resources conservation, management and sustainable use.
Mentions: The recently created (April 2010) Ecomuseum of Terra de Miranda (Figure 5) in the PNDI territory is an interesting community-based approach to the conservation and management of natural resources, as well as tangible and intangible heritage. The Ecomuseum is a direct result of a local initiative with the PNDI authorities consent. Despite his youth and peripheral location (Miranda do Douro is the most interior northeastern Portuguese region only accessed by an old national road) the Ecomuseum of Terra de Miranda has already developed several educational activities involving seven hundred participants, including local population, children and students, universities and research centers, tourists and public in general (Figures 6 and 7). The Ecomuseum is also trying to promote in situ and ex situ conservation involving local farmers, homegardeners and the Portuguese Gene Bank.

Bottom Line: Many European protected areas were legally created to preserve and maintain biological diversity, unique natural features and associated cultural heritage.To be successful it is absolutely necessary to make people active participants, not simply integrate and validate their knowledge and expertise.Local knowledge is also an interesting tool for educational and promotional programs.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: CIMO (Centro de Investigação de Montanha), Dept, Biologia e Biotecnologia, Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 5301-855 Bragança, Portugal. anacarv@ipb.pt

ABSTRACT
Many European protected areas were legally created to preserve and maintain biological diversity, unique natural features and associated cultural heritage. Built over centuries as a result of geographical and historical factors interacting with human activity, these territories are reservoirs of resources, practices and knowledge that have been the essential basis of their creation. Under social and economical transformations several components of such areas tend to be affected and their protection status endangered.Carrying out ethnobotanical surveys and extensive field work using anthropological methodologies, particularly with key-informants, we report changes observed and perceived in two natural parks in Trás-os-Montes, Portugal, that affect local plant-use systems and consequently local knowledge. By means of informants' testimonies and of our own observation and experience we discuss the importance of local knowledge and of local communities' participation to protected areas design, management and maintenance. We confirm that local knowledge provides new insights and opportunities for sustainable and multipurpose use of resources and offers contemporary strategies for preserving cultural and ecological diversity, which are the main purposes and challenges of protected areas. To be successful it is absolutely necessary to make people active participants, not simply integrate and validate their knowledge and expertise. Local knowledge is also an interesting tool for educational and promotional programs.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus