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Temperature- and thickness-dependent elastic moduli of polymer thin films.

Ao Z, Li S - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Bottom Line: The mechanical properties of polymer ultrathin films are usually different from those of their counterparts in bulk.Understanding the effect of thickness on the mechanical properties of these films is crucial for their applications.However, it is a great challenge to measure their elastic modulus experimentally with in situ heating.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. zhimin.ao@unsw.edu.au.

ABSTRACT
The mechanical properties of polymer ultrathin films are usually different from those of their counterparts in bulk. Understanding the effect of thickness on the mechanical properties of these films is crucial for their applications. However, it is a great challenge to measure their elastic modulus experimentally with in situ heating. In this study, a thermodynamic model for temperature- (T) and thickness (h)-dependent elastic moduli of polymer thin films Ef(T,h) is developed with verification by the reported experimental data on polystyrene (PS) thin films. For the PS thin films on a passivated substrate, Ef(T,h) decreases with the decreasing film thickness, when h is less than 60 nm at ambient temperature. However, the onset thickness (h*), at which thickness Ef(T,h) deviates from the bulk value, can be modulated by T. h* becomes larger at higher T because of the depression of the quenching depth, which determines the thickness of the surface layer δ.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The thickness-dependent elastic modulus of PS thin films at T = 295 K. The symbols circle and square are the experiment results for molar weight Mw = 1800 and 114 kg/mol, respectively [12]. The solid curve is plotted with the calculation results obtained from Equation 3, where the parameters that determine the Tg(h) in Equation 4 are c = 1/2, h0 = 5 nm, ΔCpb = 30.7 J mol-1 K-1 = 1.919 J g atom-1 K-1, and Tgb = 375 K [4].
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Figure 1: The thickness-dependent elastic modulus of PS thin films at T = 295 K. The symbols circle and square are the experiment results for molar weight Mw = 1800 and 114 kg/mol, respectively [12]. The solid curve is plotted with the calculation results obtained from Equation 3, where the parameters that determine the Tg(h) in Equation 4 are c = 1/2, h0 = 5 nm, ΔCpb = 30.7 J mol-1 K-1 = 1.919 J g atom-1 K-1, and Tgb = 375 K [4].

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the thickness dependence of the elastic modulus of PS thin films at T = 295 K that was obtained from Equation 3 using expression (4). The parameters needed for the PS thin films are given in the caption of Figure 1. In this figure, our results are compared with the corresponding experimental results for two different molar weights. These results are well in agreement with each other. The modulus for thick films (> 100 nm) was found to be independent of the film thickness, whereas the elastic modulus decreases with the film thickness when the thickness is less than 60 nm. A similar thickness-dependent behavior was also found for several other polymer films, such as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), poly(ethyl methacrylate) (PEMA), and poly(isobutyl methacrylate) PiBMA [8,11]. The depression of the elastic modulus for thin films is a consequence of the soft surface layer, whose relative importance increases as the surface-to-volume ratio increases.


Temperature- and thickness-dependent elastic moduli of polymer thin films.

Ao Z, Li S - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

The thickness-dependent elastic modulus of PS thin films at T = 295 K. The symbols circle and square are the experiment results for molar weight Mw = 1800 and 114 kg/mol, respectively [12]. The solid curve is plotted with the calculation results obtained from Equation 3, where the parameters that determine the Tg(h) in Equation 4 are c = 1/2, h0 = 5 nm, ΔCpb = 30.7 J mol-1 K-1 = 1.919 J g atom-1 K-1, and Tgb = 375 K [4].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3211304&req=5

Figure 1: The thickness-dependent elastic modulus of PS thin films at T = 295 K. The symbols circle and square are the experiment results for molar weight Mw = 1800 and 114 kg/mol, respectively [12]. The solid curve is plotted with the calculation results obtained from Equation 3, where the parameters that determine the Tg(h) in Equation 4 are c = 1/2, h0 = 5 nm, ΔCpb = 30.7 J mol-1 K-1 = 1.919 J g atom-1 K-1, and Tgb = 375 K [4].
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the thickness dependence of the elastic modulus of PS thin films at T = 295 K that was obtained from Equation 3 using expression (4). The parameters needed for the PS thin films are given in the caption of Figure 1. In this figure, our results are compared with the corresponding experimental results for two different molar weights. These results are well in agreement with each other. The modulus for thick films (> 100 nm) was found to be independent of the film thickness, whereas the elastic modulus decreases with the film thickness when the thickness is less than 60 nm. A similar thickness-dependent behavior was also found for several other polymer films, such as poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), poly(ethyl methacrylate) (PEMA), and poly(isobutyl methacrylate) PiBMA [8,11]. The depression of the elastic modulus for thin films is a consequence of the soft surface layer, whose relative importance increases as the surface-to-volume ratio increases.

Bottom Line: The mechanical properties of polymer ultrathin films are usually different from those of their counterparts in bulk.Understanding the effect of thickness on the mechanical properties of these films is crucial for their applications.However, it is a great challenge to measure their elastic modulus experimentally with in situ heating.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia. zhimin.ao@unsw.edu.au.

ABSTRACT
The mechanical properties of polymer ultrathin films are usually different from those of their counterparts in bulk. Understanding the effect of thickness on the mechanical properties of these films is crucial for their applications. However, it is a great challenge to measure their elastic modulus experimentally with in situ heating. In this study, a thermodynamic model for temperature- (T) and thickness (h)-dependent elastic moduli of polymer thin films Ef(T,h) is developed with verification by the reported experimental data on polystyrene (PS) thin films. For the PS thin films on a passivated substrate, Ef(T,h) decreases with the decreasing film thickness, when h is less than 60 nm at ambient temperature. However, the onset thickness (h*), at which thickness Ef(T,h) deviates from the bulk value, can be modulated by T. h* becomes larger at higher T because of the depression of the quenching depth, which determines the thickness of the surface layer δ.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus