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Optimal synthesis and characterization of Ag nanofluids by electrical explosion of wires in liquids.

Ju Park E, Won Lee S, Bang IC, Park HW - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Bottom Line: In this study, we optimized the fabrication method and examined the effects of manufacturing process parameters.The average Ag nanoparticle size in water was 118.9 nm and the zeta potential was -42.5 mV.The critical heat flux of the 0.001-vol.% Ag nanofluid was higher than pure water.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Mechanical and Advanced Materials Engineering, UNIST 100 Banyeon-ri, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan Metropolitan City 689-798, Republic of Korea. hwpark@unist.ac.kr.

ABSTRACT
Silver nanoparticles were produced by electrical explosion of wires in liquids with no additive. In this study, we optimized the fabrication method and examined the effects of manufacturing process parameters. Morphology and size of the Ag nanoparticles were determined using transmission electron microscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy. Size and zeta potential were analyzed using dynamic light scattering. A response optimization technique showed that optimal conditions were achieved when capacitance was 30 μF, wire length was 38 mm, liquid volume was 500 mL, and the liquid type was deionized water. The average Ag nanoparticle size in water was 118.9 nm and the zeta potential was -42.5 mV. The critical heat flux of the 0.001-vol.% Ag nanofluid was higher than pure water.

No MeSH data available.


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Response optimization conditions.
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Figure 14: Response optimization conditions.

Mentions: The process was optimized when capacitance was 30 μF, wire length was 38 mm, liquid volume was 500 mL, and liquid type was deionized water. These conditions corresponded to a particle size of 49 nm and zeta potential of -39.15 mV, as shown in Figure 14. These predicted optimized parameters were confirmed by repeating the experiment, and the results for particle size and zeta potential were 118.9 nm and -42.5 mV, respectively. There were differences between the prediction and the experimental results. However, the experimental results showed the smallest and most stable Ag nanoparticles.


Optimal synthesis and characterization of Ag nanofluids by electrical explosion of wires in liquids.

Ju Park E, Won Lee S, Bang IC, Park HW - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Response optimization conditions.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3211281&req=5

Figure 14: Response optimization conditions.
Mentions: The process was optimized when capacitance was 30 μF, wire length was 38 mm, liquid volume was 500 mL, and liquid type was deionized water. These conditions corresponded to a particle size of 49 nm and zeta potential of -39.15 mV, as shown in Figure 14. These predicted optimized parameters were confirmed by repeating the experiment, and the results for particle size and zeta potential were 118.9 nm and -42.5 mV, respectively. There were differences between the prediction and the experimental results. However, the experimental results showed the smallest and most stable Ag nanoparticles.

Bottom Line: In this study, we optimized the fabrication method and examined the effects of manufacturing process parameters.The average Ag nanoparticle size in water was 118.9 nm and the zeta potential was -42.5 mV.The critical heat flux of the 0.001-vol.% Ag nanofluid was higher than pure water.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Mechanical and Advanced Materials Engineering, UNIST 100 Banyeon-ri, Eonyang-eup, Ulju-gun, Ulsan Metropolitan City 689-798, Republic of Korea. hwpark@unist.ac.kr.

ABSTRACT
Silver nanoparticles were produced by electrical explosion of wires in liquids with no additive. In this study, we optimized the fabrication method and examined the effects of manufacturing process parameters. Morphology and size of the Ag nanoparticles were determined using transmission electron microscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy. Size and zeta potential were analyzed using dynamic light scattering. A response optimization technique showed that optimal conditions were achieved when capacitance was 30 μF, wire length was 38 mm, liquid volume was 500 mL, and the liquid type was deionized water. The average Ag nanoparticle size in water was 118.9 nm and the zeta potential was -42.5 mV. The critical heat flux of the 0.001-vol.% Ag nanofluid was higher than pure water.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus