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Numerical study of a confined slot impinging jet with nanofluids.

Manca O, Mesolella P, Nardini S, Ricci D - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Bottom Line: The dimensionless stream function contours show that the intensity and size of the vortex structures depend on the confining effects, given by H/W ratio, Reynolds number and particle concentrations.Furthermore, for increasing concentrations, nanofluids realize increasing fluid bulk temperature, as a result of the elevated thermal conductivity of mixtures.The required pumping power as well as Reynolds number increases and particle concentrations grow, which is almost 4.8 times greater than the values calculated in the case of base fluid.List of symbols.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Via Roma 29 - 81031 Aversa, Italy. oronzio.manca@unina2.it.

ABSTRACT

Background: Heat transfer enhancement technology concerns with the aim of developing more efficient systems to satisfy the increasing demands of many applications in the fields of automotive, aerospace, electronic and process industry. A solution for obtaining efficient cooling systems is represented by the use of confined or unconfined impinging jets. Moreover, the possibility of increasing the thermal performances of the working fluids can be taken into account, and the introduction of nanoparticles in a base fluid can be considered.

Results: In this article, a numerical investigation on confined impinging slot jet working with a mixture of water and Al2O3 nanoparticles is described. The flow is turbulent and a constant temperature is applied on the impinging. A single-phase model approach has been adopted. Different geometric ratios, particle volume concentrations and Reynolds number have been considered to study the behavior of the system in terms of average and local Nusselt number, convective heat transfer coefficient and required pumping power profiles, temperature fields and stream function contours.

Conclusions: The dimensionless stream function contours show that the intensity and size of the vortex structures depend on the confining effects, given by H/W ratio, Reynolds number and particle concentrations. Furthermore, for increasing concentrations, nanofluids realize increasing fluid bulk temperature, as a result of the elevated thermal conductivity of mixtures. The local Nusselt number profiles show the highest values at the stagnation point, and the lowest at the end of the heated plate. The average Nusselt number increases for increasing particle concentrations and Reynolds numbers; moreover, the highest values are observed for H/W = 10, and a maximum increase of 18% is detected at a concentration equal to 6%. The required pumping power as well as Reynolds number increases and particle concentrations grow, which is almost 4.8 times greater than the values calculated in the case of base fluid.List of symbols.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Local Nusselt number profiles along x/W: (a) H/W = 4 and 10, Re = 20000, ϕ = 6%; (b) H/W = 6, Re = 5000, ϕ = 0, 1, 4 and 6%.
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Figure 6: Local Nusselt number profiles along x/W: (a) H/W = 4 and 10, Re = 20000, ϕ = 6%; (b) H/W = 6, Re = 5000, ϕ = 0, 1, 4 and 6%.

Mentions: The variation of local Nusselt number along the impingement plate for Re = 20000, H/W = 4 and ϕ = 6% and for Re = 5000, H/W = 6 and different concentrations, is shown in Figure 6a, b, respectively. It is observed that the highest values of Nux are evaluated at the stagnation point for all the considered cases; their values are 214 and 239 for H/W = 4 and H/W = 10, respectively. For low H/W values, local Nusselt number decreases more quickly than high H/W ratios. At the end of the plate, for any considered H/W, Nux reaches similar values equal to about 25, as observed in Figure 6a. In Figure 6b, it is shown how the variation of nanofluid concentration affects the heat transfer. Higher heat transfer enhancements are observed for ϕ = 4, 6%, especially, near the impingement location. This does not happen only for H/W = 4 as can be understood from the average Nusselt number value trends, reported later, in comparison with other H/W ratios.


Numerical study of a confined slot impinging jet with nanofluids.

Manca O, Mesolella P, Nardini S, Ricci D - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Local Nusselt number profiles along x/W: (a) H/W = 4 and 10, Re = 20000, ϕ = 6%; (b) H/W = 6, Re = 5000, ϕ = 0, 1, 4 and 6%.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3211241&req=5

Figure 6: Local Nusselt number profiles along x/W: (a) H/W = 4 and 10, Re = 20000, ϕ = 6%; (b) H/W = 6, Re = 5000, ϕ = 0, 1, 4 and 6%.
Mentions: The variation of local Nusselt number along the impingement plate for Re = 20000, H/W = 4 and ϕ = 6% and for Re = 5000, H/W = 6 and different concentrations, is shown in Figure 6a, b, respectively. It is observed that the highest values of Nux are evaluated at the stagnation point for all the considered cases; their values are 214 and 239 for H/W = 4 and H/W = 10, respectively. For low H/W values, local Nusselt number decreases more quickly than high H/W ratios. At the end of the plate, for any considered H/W, Nux reaches similar values equal to about 25, as observed in Figure 6a. In Figure 6b, it is shown how the variation of nanofluid concentration affects the heat transfer. Higher heat transfer enhancements are observed for ϕ = 4, 6%, especially, near the impingement location. This does not happen only for H/W = 4 as can be understood from the average Nusselt number value trends, reported later, in comparison with other H/W ratios.

Bottom Line: The dimensionless stream function contours show that the intensity and size of the vortex structures depend on the confining effects, given by H/W ratio, Reynolds number and particle concentrations.Furthermore, for increasing concentrations, nanofluids realize increasing fluid bulk temperature, as a result of the elevated thermal conductivity of mixtures.The required pumping power as well as Reynolds number increases and particle concentrations grow, which is almost 4.8 times greater than the values calculated in the case of base fluid.List of symbols.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Via Roma 29 - 81031 Aversa, Italy. oronzio.manca@unina2.it.

ABSTRACT

Background: Heat transfer enhancement technology concerns with the aim of developing more efficient systems to satisfy the increasing demands of many applications in the fields of automotive, aerospace, electronic and process industry. A solution for obtaining efficient cooling systems is represented by the use of confined or unconfined impinging jets. Moreover, the possibility of increasing the thermal performances of the working fluids can be taken into account, and the introduction of nanoparticles in a base fluid can be considered.

Results: In this article, a numerical investigation on confined impinging slot jet working with a mixture of water and Al2O3 nanoparticles is described. The flow is turbulent and a constant temperature is applied on the impinging. A single-phase model approach has been adopted. Different geometric ratios, particle volume concentrations and Reynolds number have been considered to study the behavior of the system in terms of average and local Nusselt number, convective heat transfer coefficient and required pumping power profiles, temperature fields and stream function contours.

Conclusions: The dimensionless stream function contours show that the intensity and size of the vortex structures depend on the confining effects, given by H/W ratio, Reynolds number and particle concentrations. Furthermore, for increasing concentrations, nanofluids realize increasing fluid bulk temperature, as a result of the elevated thermal conductivity of mixtures. The local Nusselt number profiles show the highest values at the stagnation point, and the lowest at the end of the heated plate. The average Nusselt number increases for increasing particle concentrations and Reynolds numbers; moreover, the highest values are observed for H/W = 10, and a maximum increase of 18% is detected at a concentration equal to 6%. The required pumping power as well as Reynolds number increases and particle concentrations grow, which is almost 4.8 times greater than the values calculated in the case of base fluid.List of symbols.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus