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Doping graphene films via chemically mediated charge transfer.

Ishikawa R, Bando M, Morimoto Y, Sandhu A - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Bottom Line: Graphene-based TCFs have attracted a lot of attention because of their high electrical conductivity, transparency, and low cost.Notably, TCNQ is well known as a powerful electron accepter and is expected to favor electron transfer from graphene into TCNQ molecules, thereby leading to p-type doping of graphene films.Small amounts of TCNQ drastically improved the resistivity without degradation of optical transparency.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan. ishikawa.r.ab@m.titech.ac.jp.

ABSTRACT
Transparent conductive films (TCFs) are critical components of a myriad of technologies including flat panel displays, light-emitting diodes, and solar cells. Graphene-based TCFs have attracted a lot of attention because of their high electrical conductivity, transparency, and low cost. Carrier doping of graphene would potentially improve the properties of graphene-based TCFs for practical industrial applications. However, controlling the carrier type and concentration of dopants in graphene films is challenging, especially for the synthesis of p-type films. In this article, a new method for doping graphene using the conjugated organic molecule, tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), is described. Notably, TCNQ is well known as a powerful electron accepter and is expected to favor electron transfer from graphene into TCNQ molecules, thereby leading to p-type doping of graphene films. Small amounts of TCNQ drastically improved the resistivity without degradation of optical transparency. Our carrier doping method based on charge transfer has a huge potential for graphene-based TCFs.

No MeSH data available.


Carbon 1s core level XPS spectra of GO, RGO, and graphite samples.
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Figure 3: Carbon 1s core level XPS spectra of GO, RGO, and graphite samples.

Mentions: The carbon 1s core level XPS spectra of GO, RGO, and graphite samples were shown in Figure 3. From the semi-quantitative analysis by XPS, the relative amount of oxygen containing functional groups in each sample was estimated. Peak separation was carried out for all samples after Shirley background was subtracted. The relative ratios of each component consisted of aromatic rings (284.6 eV), C-OH (286.5 eV), C-O-C (287.0 eV), and O = C-OH (288.3 eV) are summarized in Table 1. Oxygen-containing functional groups decreased from around 50 to around 25% of all components after reduction process. Such a low concentration of oxygen-containing functional groups is comparable to the RGO reduced by high-temperature annealing [17].


Doping graphene films via chemically mediated charge transfer.

Ishikawa R, Bando M, Morimoto Y, Sandhu A - Nanoscale Res Lett (2011)

Carbon 1s core level XPS spectra of GO, RGO, and graphite samples.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3211156&req=5

Figure 3: Carbon 1s core level XPS spectra of GO, RGO, and graphite samples.
Mentions: The carbon 1s core level XPS spectra of GO, RGO, and graphite samples were shown in Figure 3. From the semi-quantitative analysis by XPS, the relative amount of oxygen containing functional groups in each sample was estimated. Peak separation was carried out for all samples after Shirley background was subtracted. The relative ratios of each component consisted of aromatic rings (284.6 eV), C-OH (286.5 eV), C-O-C (287.0 eV), and O = C-OH (288.3 eV) are summarized in Table 1. Oxygen-containing functional groups decreased from around 50 to around 25% of all components after reduction process. Such a low concentration of oxygen-containing functional groups is comparable to the RGO reduced by high-temperature annealing [17].

Bottom Line: Graphene-based TCFs have attracted a lot of attention because of their high electrical conductivity, transparency, and low cost.Notably, TCNQ is well known as a powerful electron accepter and is expected to favor electron transfer from graphene into TCNQ molecules, thereby leading to p-type doping of graphene films.Small amounts of TCNQ drastically improved the resistivity without degradation of optical transparency.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan. ishikawa.r.ab@m.titech.ac.jp.

ABSTRACT
Transparent conductive films (TCFs) are critical components of a myriad of technologies including flat panel displays, light-emitting diodes, and solar cells. Graphene-based TCFs have attracted a lot of attention because of their high electrical conductivity, transparency, and low cost. Carrier doping of graphene would potentially improve the properties of graphene-based TCFs for practical industrial applications. However, controlling the carrier type and concentration of dopants in graphene films is challenging, especially for the synthesis of p-type films. In this article, a new method for doping graphene using the conjugated organic molecule, tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), is described. Notably, TCNQ is well known as a powerful electron accepter and is expected to favor electron transfer from graphene into TCNQ molecules, thereby leading to p-type doping of graphene films. Small amounts of TCNQ drastically improved the resistivity without degradation of optical transparency. Our carrier doping method based on charge transfer has a huge potential for graphene-based TCFs.

No MeSH data available.