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Occurrence of false positive results for the detection of carbapenemases in carbapenemase-negative Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates.

Wang P, Chen S, Guo Y, Xiong Z, Hu F, Zhu D, Zhang Y - PLoS ONE (2011)

Bottom Line: The susceptibility rates for imipenem, meropenem, and ertapenem all were 100.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0%, respectively.The MHT gave a positive result for 3.3% (10/301) of the isolates.False positive results can occur when the MHT is used to detect carbapenemase in ESBL-producing isolates and clinical laboratories must be aware of this fact.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Antibiotics, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT
Adequate detection of the production of carbapenemase in Enterobacteriaceae isolates is crucial for infection control measures and the appropriate choice of antimicrobial therapy. In this study, we investigated the frequency of false positive results for the detection of carbapenemases in carbapenemase-negative Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates by the modified Hodge test (MHT). Three hundred and one E. coli and K. pneumoniae clinical isolates were investigated. All produced extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) but were susceptible to carbapenems. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion and agar dilution methods. The MHT was performed using the standard inoculum of test organisms recommended by the CLSI. Genes that encoded ESBLs and carbapenemases were identified by PCR and DNA sequencing. Among the 301 clinical isolates, none of the isolates conformed to the criteria for carbapenemase screening recommended by the CLSI. The susceptibility rates for imipenem, meropenem, and ertapenem all were 100.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0%, respectively. Of the 301 E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates, none produced carbapenemase. The MHT gave a positive result for 3.3% (10/301) of the isolates. False positive results can occur when the MHT is used to detect carbapenemase in ESBL-producing isolates and clinical laboratories must be aware of this fact.

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1. E.coli ATCC 25922, 2. 08-309 E.coli, 3. 08-318 E.coli, 4. 08-438 E.coli, 5. E.coli ATCC 25922, 6. 08-547 E.coli, 7. 08-1002 E.coli, 8. 08-1039 E.coli, M. Marker.
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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3198770&req=5

pone-0026356-g002: 1. E.coli ATCC 25922, 2. 08-309 E.coli, 3. 08-318 E.coli, 4. 08-438 E.coli, 5. E.coli ATCC 25922, 6. 08-547 E.coli, 7. 08-1002 E.coli, 8. 08-1039 E.coli, M. Marker.

Mentions: Analysis of the outer membrane porin proteins by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that all 10 isolates (except 08-438 E.coli) exhibited loss of one of porin protein compared with the sensitive strains (Figure 2 and Figure 3). This suggests that the outer membrane porin proteins might play an important role in resulting to the false-positive result.


Occurrence of false positive results for the detection of carbapenemases in carbapenemase-negative Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates.

Wang P, Chen S, Guo Y, Xiong Z, Hu F, Zhu D, Zhang Y - PLoS ONE (2011)

1. E.coli ATCC 25922, 2. 08-309 E.coli, 3. 08-318 E.coli, 4. 08-438 E.coli, 5. E.coli ATCC 25922, 6. 08-547 E.coli, 7. 08-1002 E.coli, 8. 08-1039 E.coli, M. Marker.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3198770&req=5

pone-0026356-g002: 1. E.coli ATCC 25922, 2. 08-309 E.coli, 3. 08-318 E.coli, 4. 08-438 E.coli, 5. E.coli ATCC 25922, 6. 08-547 E.coli, 7. 08-1002 E.coli, 8. 08-1039 E.coli, M. Marker.
Mentions: Analysis of the outer membrane porin proteins by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that all 10 isolates (except 08-438 E.coli) exhibited loss of one of porin protein compared with the sensitive strains (Figure 2 and Figure 3). This suggests that the outer membrane porin proteins might play an important role in resulting to the false-positive result.

Bottom Line: The susceptibility rates for imipenem, meropenem, and ertapenem all were 100.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0%, respectively.The MHT gave a positive result for 3.3% (10/301) of the isolates.False positive results can occur when the MHT is used to detect carbapenemase in ESBL-producing isolates and clinical laboratories must be aware of this fact.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Antibiotics, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

ABSTRACT
Adequate detection of the production of carbapenemase in Enterobacteriaceae isolates is crucial for infection control measures and the appropriate choice of antimicrobial therapy. In this study, we investigated the frequency of false positive results for the detection of carbapenemases in carbapenemase-negative Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates by the modified Hodge test (MHT). Three hundred and one E. coli and K. pneumoniae clinical isolates were investigated. All produced extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) but were susceptible to carbapenems. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion and agar dilution methods. The MHT was performed using the standard inoculum of test organisms recommended by the CLSI. Genes that encoded ESBLs and carbapenemases were identified by PCR and DNA sequencing. Among the 301 clinical isolates, none of the isolates conformed to the criteria for carbapenemase screening recommended by the CLSI. The susceptibility rates for imipenem, meropenem, and ertapenem all were 100.0%, 100.0%, and 100.0%, respectively. Of the 301 E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates, none produced carbapenemase. The MHT gave a positive result for 3.3% (10/301) of the isolates. False positive results can occur when the MHT is used to detect carbapenemase in ESBL-producing isolates and clinical laboratories must be aware of this fact.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus