Limits...
Congenital megalocornea with zonular weakness and childhood lens-related secondary glaucoma - a distinct phenotype caused by recessive LTBP2 mutations.

Khan AO, Aldahmesh MA, Alkuraya FS - Mol. Vis. (2011)

Bottom Line: One member from each family developed spontaneous complete crystalline lens dislocation into the anterior chamber with associated acute glaucoma during early childhood.LTBP2 sequencing in the third family revealed a third novel homozygous mutation (p.C1438Y [c.4313G>A]).Complete dislocation of the crystalline lens into the anterior chamber during early childhood can occur in young children with this unique phenotype.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. arif.khan@mssm.edu

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To clinically and genetically characterize a distinct phenotype of congenital megalocornea (horizontal corneal diameter ≥13 mm) with secondary glaucoma from spherophakia and/or ectopia lentis during childhood in affected Saudi families.

Methods: Clinical exam, homozygosity scan, and candidate gene analysis.

Results: From 2005 to 2010, eight affected individuals from three consanguineous families were identified. In addition to congenital megalocornea, affected children presented with secondary glaucoma from spherophakia and/or ectopia lentis. One member from each family developed spontaneous complete crystalline lens dislocation into the anterior chamber with associated acute glaucoma during early childhood. Older individuals had phenotypes that would have suggested prior uncontrolled primary congenital/infantile glaucoma had past ophthalmic and/or family histories not been available. Homozygosity mapping performed for the first two families suggested the candidate gene latent transforming growth factor-beta-binding protein 2 (LTBP2), which when sequenced revealed a novel homozgyous mutation that segregated with the phenotype in each family (p.S338PfsX4 [c.1012delT], p.Q1619X[(c.4855C>T]). LTBP2 sequencing in the third family revealed a third novel homozygous mutation (p.C1438Y [c.4313G>A]).

Conclusions: Congenital megalocornea with childhood secondary glaucoma from spherophakia and/or ectopia lentis is a distinct condition caused by recessive LTBP2 mutations that needs to be distinguished from buphthalmos secondary to primary congenital/infantile glaucoma because typical initial surgical treatment is lens removal in the former and angle surgery in the latter. Complete dislocation of the crystalline lens into the anterior chamber during early childhood can occur in young children with this unique phenotype.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Pedigrees of the families. The pedigrees for Family 1 (A), Family 2 (B), and Family 3 (C) are shown. Pt: patient; by hx: affected by history but not available for the study.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3198484&req=5

f1: Pedigrees of the families. The pedigrees for Family 1 (A), Family 2 (B), and Family 3 (C) are shown. Pt: patient; by hx: affected by history but not available for the study.

Mentions: The clinical histories of the families, summarized in Figure 1 and Table 1, are further detailed below.


Congenital megalocornea with zonular weakness and childhood lens-related secondary glaucoma - a distinct phenotype caused by recessive LTBP2 mutations.

Khan AO, Aldahmesh MA, Alkuraya FS - Mol. Vis. (2011)

Pedigrees of the families. The pedigrees for Family 1 (A), Family 2 (B), and Family 3 (C) are shown. Pt: patient; by hx: affected by history but not available for the study.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3198484&req=5

f1: Pedigrees of the families. The pedigrees for Family 1 (A), Family 2 (B), and Family 3 (C) are shown. Pt: patient; by hx: affected by history but not available for the study.
Mentions: The clinical histories of the families, summarized in Figure 1 and Table 1, are further detailed below.

Bottom Line: One member from each family developed spontaneous complete crystalline lens dislocation into the anterior chamber with associated acute glaucoma during early childhood.LTBP2 sequencing in the third family revealed a third novel homozygous mutation (p.C1438Y [c.4313G>A]).Complete dislocation of the crystalline lens into the anterior chamber during early childhood can occur in young children with this unique phenotype.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. arif.khan@mssm.edu

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To clinically and genetically characterize a distinct phenotype of congenital megalocornea (horizontal corneal diameter ≥13 mm) with secondary glaucoma from spherophakia and/or ectopia lentis during childhood in affected Saudi families.

Methods: Clinical exam, homozygosity scan, and candidate gene analysis.

Results: From 2005 to 2010, eight affected individuals from three consanguineous families were identified. In addition to congenital megalocornea, affected children presented with secondary glaucoma from spherophakia and/or ectopia lentis. One member from each family developed spontaneous complete crystalline lens dislocation into the anterior chamber with associated acute glaucoma during early childhood. Older individuals had phenotypes that would have suggested prior uncontrolled primary congenital/infantile glaucoma had past ophthalmic and/or family histories not been available. Homozygosity mapping performed for the first two families suggested the candidate gene latent transforming growth factor-beta-binding protein 2 (LTBP2), which when sequenced revealed a novel homozgyous mutation that segregated with the phenotype in each family (p.S338PfsX4 [c.1012delT], p.Q1619X[(c.4855C>T]). LTBP2 sequencing in the third family revealed a third novel homozygous mutation (p.C1438Y [c.4313G>A]).

Conclusions: Congenital megalocornea with childhood secondary glaucoma from spherophakia and/or ectopia lentis is a distinct condition caused by recessive LTBP2 mutations that needs to be distinguished from buphthalmos secondary to primary congenital/infantile glaucoma because typical initial surgical treatment is lens removal in the former and angle surgery in the latter. Complete dislocation of the crystalline lens into the anterior chamber during early childhood can occur in young children with this unique phenotype.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus