Limits...
Understanding and integrating local perceptions of trees and forests into incentives for sustainable landscape management.

Pfund JL, Watts JD, Boissière M, Boucard A, Bullock RM, Ekadinata A, Dewi S, Feintrenie L, Levang P, Rantala S, Sheil D, Sunderland T, Sunderland TC, Urech ZL - Environ Manage (2011)

Bottom Line: We highlight discrepancies between individual and collective responses in characterizing land use tendencies, and discuss the effects of accessibility on land management.We conclude that a combination of social, economic, and spatially explicit assessment methods is necessary to inform land use planning.We speculate on the nature of such incentive schemes and the possibility of rewarding the provision of ecosystem services at a landscape scale and in a socially equitable manner.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CIFOR, JL CIFOR Situ Gede, Bogor 16000, Indonesia. j.pfund@cgiar.org

ABSTRACT
We examine five forested landscapes in Africa (Cameroon, Madagascar, and Tanzania) and Asia (Indonesia and Laos) at different stages of landscape change. In all five areas, forest cover (outside of protected areas) continues to decrease despite local people's recognition of the importance of forest products and services. After forest conversion, agroforestry systems and fallows provide multiple functions and valued products, and retain significant biodiversity. But there are indications that such land use is transitory, with gradual simplification and loss of complex agroforests and fallows as land use becomes increasingly individualistic and profit driven. In Indonesia and Tanzania, farmers favor monocultures (rubber and oil palm, and sugarcane, respectively) for their high financial returns, with these systems replacing existing complex agroforests. In the study sites in Madagascar and Laos, investments in agroforests and new crops remain rare, despite government attempts to eradicate swidden systems and their multifunctional fallows. We discuss approaches to assessing local values related to landscape cover and associated goods and services. We highlight discrepancies between individual and collective responses in characterizing land use tendencies, and discuss the effects of accessibility on land management. We conclude that a combination of social, economic, and spatially explicit assessment methods is necessary to inform land use planning. Furthermore, any efforts to modify current trends will require clear incentives, such as through carbon finance. We speculate on the nature of such incentive schemes and the possibility of rewarding the provision of ecosystem services at a landscape scale and in a socially equitable manner.

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Annual deforestation rates outside protected areas from the 1990s through to 2000s (right axis) and the most recent percentage of non-forest area in the five landscapes (left axis)
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Fig4: Annual deforestation rates outside protected areas from the 1990s through to 2000s (right axis) and the most recent percentage of non-forest area in the five landscapes (left axis)

Mentions: The negative relationship between deforestation rate (outside protected areas) and remaining forest cover is striking, although unsurprising (Fig. 4). Despite recognition of their multiple and significant local values, forests are rapidly diminishing outside of protected areas. Our dataset indicates that the ratio of annual deforestation rate to the percentage of non-forest area in a given landscape is about 1:28 ± 5.Fig. 4


Understanding and integrating local perceptions of trees and forests into incentives for sustainable landscape management.

Pfund JL, Watts JD, Boissière M, Boucard A, Bullock RM, Ekadinata A, Dewi S, Feintrenie L, Levang P, Rantala S, Sheil D, Sunderland T, Sunderland TC, Urech ZL - Environ Manage (2011)

Annual deforestation rates outside protected areas from the 1990s through to 2000s (right axis) and the most recent percentage of non-forest area in the five landscapes (left axis)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3142544&req=5

Fig4: Annual deforestation rates outside protected areas from the 1990s through to 2000s (right axis) and the most recent percentage of non-forest area in the five landscapes (left axis)
Mentions: The negative relationship between deforestation rate (outside protected areas) and remaining forest cover is striking, although unsurprising (Fig. 4). Despite recognition of their multiple and significant local values, forests are rapidly diminishing outside of protected areas. Our dataset indicates that the ratio of annual deforestation rate to the percentage of non-forest area in a given landscape is about 1:28 ± 5.Fig. 4

Bottom Line: We highlight discrepancies between individual and collective responses in characterizing land use tendencies, and discuss the effects of accessibility on land management.We conclude that a combination of social, economic, and spatially explicit assessment methods is necessary to inform land use planning.We speculate on the nature of such incentive schemes and the possibility of rewarding the provision of ecosystem services at a landscape scale and in a socially equitable manner.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: CIFOR, JL CIFOR Situ Gede, Bogor 16000, Indonesia. j.pfund@cgiar.org

ABSTRACT
We examine five forested landscapes in Africa (Cameroon, Madagascar, and Tanzania) and Asia (Indonesia and Laos) at different stages of landscape change. In all five areas, forest cover (outside of protected areas) continues to decrease despite local people's recognition of the importance of forest products and services. After forest conversion, agroforestry systems and fallows provide multiple functions and valued products, and retain significant biodiversity. But there are indications that such land use is transitory, with gradual simplification and loss of complex agroforests and fallows as land use becomes increasingly individualistic and profit driven. In Indonesia and Tanzania, farmers favor monocultures (rubber and oil palm, and sugarcane, respectively) for their high financial returns, with these systems replacing existing complex agroforests. In the study sites in Madagascar and Laos, investments in agroforests and new crops remain rare, despite government attempts to eradicate swidden systems and their multifunctional fallows. We discuss approaches to assessing local values related to landscape cover and associated goods and services. We highlight discrepancies between individual and collective responses in characterizing land use tendencies, and discuss the effects of accessibility on land management. We conclude that a combination of social, economic, and spatially explicit assessment methods is necessary to inform land use planning. Furthermore, any efforts to modify current trends will require clear incentives, such as through carbon finance. We speculate on the nature of such incentive schemes and the possibility of rewarding the provision of ecosystem services at a landscape scale and in a socially equitable manner.

Show MeSH