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Prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma in Upper Egypt.

Shazly TA, Farrag AN, Kamel A, Al-Hussaini AK - BMC Ophthalmol (2011)

Bottom Line: Mean age of PXF group was 68.15 years (SD 8.16, range 40-92 years).PXF was bilateral in 82.2% of cases.Pseudoexfoliation appears to be a common disorder in older individuals in Upper Egypt.

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Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt. shazlyt@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Pseudoexfoliation (PXF) is a recognized risk factor for developing cataract, glaucoma and lens dislocation. PXF is also associated with increased risk of complications during cataract surgery due to poor mydriasis and zonular weakness. The aim of this study is to report the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation among Upper Egyptians attending the ophthalmology clinic of Assiut University Hospital.

Methodology: A retrospective, chart review study conducted in the period from February 2002 to August 2009. A total of 7738 patients aged 40 years or older attending the general ophthalmic clinics were included in this study. A detailed evaluation including ophthalmic and general history, slit lamp biomicroscopy, intraocular pressure measurement, gonioscopy and dilated eye examination were performed. Patients with pseudoexfoliative material on the anterior lens surface and ⁄ or the pupillary margin in either or both eyes were labeled as having PXF.

Results: Out of the 7738 patients included, three hundred twenty (4.14%) subjects had PXF. Mean age of PXF group was 68.15 years (SD 8.16, range 40-92 years). PXF was bilateral in 82.2% of cases. It was significantly associated with cataract, glaucoma and hearing loss. Of the PXF patients, 65% had cataract, 30.3% had glaucoma and 8.1% had hearing loss.

Conclusion: Pseudoexfoliation appears to be a common disorder in older individuals in Upper Egypt.

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An eye with pseudoexfoliation showing the dandruff like pseudoexfoliation material on the surface of the cataractous lens capsule.
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Figure 1: An eye with pseudoexfoliation showing the dandruff like pseudoexfoliation material on the surface of the cataractous lens capsule.

Mentions: Unilateral PXF was noted in 17.8% of the PXF group and bilateral PXF was noted in 82.2% (figure 1).


Prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma in Upper Egypt.

Shazly TA, Farrag AN, Kamel A, Al-Hussaini AK - BMC Ophthalmol (2011)

An eye with pseudoexfoliation showing the dandruff like pseudoexfoliation material on the surface of the cataractous lens capsule.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3141806&req=5

Figure 1: An eye with pseudoexfoliation showing the dandruff like pseudoexfoliation material on the surface of the cataractous lens capsule.
Mentions: Unilateral PXF was noted in 17.8% of the PXF group and bilateral PXF was noted in 82.2% (figure 1).

Bottom Line: Mean age of PXF group was 68.15 years (SD 8.16, range 40-92 years).PXF was bilateral in 82.2% of cases.Pseudoexfoliation appears to be a common disorder in older individuals in Upper Egypt.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt. shazlyt@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Pseudoexfoliation (PXF) is a recognized risk factor for developing cataract, glaucoma and lens dislocation. PXF is also associated with increased risk of complications during cataract surgery due to poor mydriasis and zonular weakness. The aim of this study is to report the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation among Upper Egyptians attending the ophthalmology clinic of Assiut University Hospital.

Methodology: A retrospective, chart review study conducted in the period from February 2002 to August 2009. A total of 7738 patients aged 40 years or older attending the general ophthalmic clinics were included in this study. A detailed evaluation including ophthalmic and general history, slit lamp biomicroscopy, intraocular pressure measurement, gonioscopy and dilated eye examination were performed. Patients with pseudoexfoliative material on the anterior lens surface and ⁄ or the pupillary margin in either or both eyes were labeled as having PXF.

Results: Out of the 7738 patients included, three hundred twenty (4.14%) subjects had PXF. Mean age of PXF group was 68.15 years (SD 8.16, range 40-92 years). PXF was bilateral in 82.2% of cases. It was significantly associated with cataract, glaucoma and hearing loss. Of the PXF patients, 65% had cataract, 30.3% had glaucoma and 8.1% had hearing loss.

Conclusion: Pseudoexfoliation appears to be a common disorder in older individuals in Upper Egypt.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus