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Breast Cancer Profile in a Group of Patients Followed up at the Radiation Therapy Unit of the Yaounde General Hospital, Cameroon.

Kemfang Ngowa JD, Yomi J, Kasia JM, Mawamba Y, Ekortarh AC, Vlastos G - Obstet Gynecol Int (2011)

Bottom Line: Results.Mastectomy was used in 88.08% of patients.Conclusion.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Yaounde General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, 5408 Yaounde, Cameroon.

ABSTRACT
Objective. To describe the profile of breast cancer in the patients attending the radiation therapy unit of Yaounde General Hospital. Method. From 1989 to 2009, we conducted a descriptive retrospective study based on the register and medical records of patients. Results. During the study period, 531 breast cancer patients were recorded of which 0.75% were male. Age range was 18 to 82 years, with a mean of 45.17 years. Out of these, 66.1% were less than 50 years old and 31.9% less than 40. Self detection was the discovery method in most cases (95.34% of patients). Mean delay before presentation at hospital was 10.35 months, and 54.94% had used traditional medicine before medical evaluation. Metastasis and locally advanced breast cancer at diagnosis were present in 08.13% and 62.78%, respectively. Mastectomy was used in 88.08% of patients. Conclusion. The study reinforces the position occupied by late presentation and advanced stage at diagnosis of breast cancer profile in developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Picture of a 35-year-old lady with advanced left breast cancer.
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fig4: Picture of a 35-year-old lady with advanced left breast cancer.

Mentions: On the other hand, 216 (62.78%) patients presented locally advanced breast cancer (T3 and T4), while 296 (86.04%) patients had clinically positive lymph nodes and 28 (08.13%) had metastatic breast cancer at diagnosis (Table 3, Figures 3 and 4). The histopathological breast cancer types are presented in Table 4. The commonest histopathological diagnosis was invasive ductal carcinoma 236 (68,60%) followed by invasive lobular carcinoma 38 (11,05%) and invasive medullary carcinoma 18 (5.23%).


Breast Cancer Profile in a Group of Patients Followed up at the Radiation Therapy Unit of the Yaounde General Hospital, Cameroon.

Kemfang Ngowa JD, Yomi J, Kasia JM, Mawamba Y, Ekortarh AC, Vlastos G - Obstet Gynecol Int (2011)

Picture of a 35-year-old lady with advanced left breast cancer.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3140033&req=5

fig4: Picture of a 35-year-old lady with advanced left breast cancer.
Mentions: On the other hand, 216 (62.78%) patients presented locally advanced breast cancer (T3 and T4), while 296 (86.04%) patients had clinically positive lymph nodes and 28 (08.13%) had metastatic breast cancer at diagnosis (Table 3, Figures 3 and 4). The histopathological breast cancer types are presented in Table 4. The commonest histopathological diagnosis was invasive ductal carcinoma 236 (68,60%) followed by invasive lobular carcinoma 38 (11,05%) and invasive medullary carcinoma 18 (5.23%).

Bottom Line: Results.Mastectomy was used in 88.08% of patients.Conclusion.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Yaounde General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, 5408 Yaounde, Cameroon.

ABSTRACT
Objective. To describe the profile of breast cancer in the patients attending the radiation therapy unit of Yaounde General Hospital. Method. From 1989 to 2009, we conducted a descriptive retrospective study based on the register and medical records of patients. Results. During the study period, 531 breast cancer patients were recorded of which 0.75% were male. Age range was 18 to 82 years, with a mean of 45.17 years. Out of these, 66.1% were less than 50 years old and 31.9% less than 40. Self detection was the discovery method in most cases (95.34% of patients). Mean delay before presentation at hospital was 10.35 months, and 54.94% had used traditional medicine before medical evaluation. Metastasis and locally advanced breast cancer at diagnosis were present in 08.13% and 62.78%, respectively. Mastectomy was used in 88.08% of patients. Conclusion. The study reinforces the position occupied by late presentation and advanced stage at diagnosis of breast cancer profile in developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus