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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in bus and truck drivers in Kashan, Iran.

Saberi HR, Moravveji AR, Fakharian E, Kashani MM, Dehdashti AR - Diabetol Metab Syndr (2011)

Bottom Line: Statistical tests including Chi-Square test, T-student test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.Hypertension and diabetes were seen in 42.9% and 7% of the drivers respectively.Body mass index (BMI) in 41% of the drivers within the range of 25-30 was considered overweight and 23% of them were found to be obese.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. moraveji@kaums.ac.ir.

ABSTRACT

Background: Bus and truck drivers are apparently more involved in metabolic syndrome and its complications due to their working conditions. The related impacts are not only harmful for driver's health, but also may endanger others. The present research was carried out to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among bus and truck drivers in Kashan, a city in Iran.

Materials: In 2007, 429 bus and truck male drivers were enrolled to this cross sectional study to examine the metabolic syndrome using ATPIII criteria. Statistical tests including Chi-Square test, T-student test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.

Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in subjects was 35.9%. Hypertension and diabetes were seen in 42.9% and 7% of the drivers respectively. Body mass index (BMI) in 41% of the drivers within the range of 25-30 was considered overweight and 23% of them were found to be obese. High triglyceride (53.4%) and low HDL-C levels (48.7%) were more common than other components of metabolic syndrome. A significant positive correlation was seen between BMI, diabetes, high blood pressure and metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001); but there was no positive correlation between metabolic syndrome and smoking (p < 0.06).

Conclusion: High prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other relevant risk factors for coronary heart diseases (CHD) were detected among the drivers. Based on these findings, it is recommended to consider training programs, establish pertinent health regulations, and focus on the metabolic syndrome complications in high risk group to improve and maintain their quality of life and to promote their public health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The number of ATPIII criteria in all drivers
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Figure 1: The number of ATPIII criteria in all drivers

Mentions: Metabolic syndrome was met in 154 (35.9%) of individuals. The mean age of this group was 37.6(±10.5) years while in non metabolic syndrome group was 43.3(±10) years (p < 0.001). Figure 1 shows the number of ATP III component criteria in all drivers. The most common components were high level of triglyceride observed in 138 (89.6%) subjects, followed by HDL-C <40 mg/dl in 120 (77.9%) individuals. Metabolic syndrome was found in 28 (93.3%) subjects among 30 diabetic patients, as well as in 77 (64.2%) subjects among those with blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg. Furthermore 39.8% of the subjects recognized with the BMI in overweight range and 65.7% of obese persons revealed metabolic syndrome.


Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in bus and truck drivers in Kashan, Iran.

Saberi HR, Moravveji AR, Fakharian E, Kashani MM, Dehdashti AR - Diabetol Metab Syndr (2011)

The number of ATPIII criteria in all drivers
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3117688&req=5

Figure 1: The number of ATPIII criteria in all drivers
Mentions: Metabolic syndrome was met in 154 (35.9%) of individuals. The mean age of this group was 37.6(±10.5) years while in non metabolic syndrome group was 43.3(±10) years (p < 0.001). Figure 1 shows the number of ATP III component criteria in all drivers. The most common components were high level of triglyceride observed in 138 (89.6%) subjects, followed by HDL-C <40 mg/dl in 120 (77.9%) individuals. Metabolic syndrome was found in 28 (93.3%) subjects among 30 diabetic patients, as well as in 77 (64.2%) subjects among those with blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg. Furthermore 39.8% of the subjects recognized with the BMI in overweight range and 65.7% of obese persons revealed metabolic syndrome.

Bottom Line: Statistical tests including Chi-Square test, T-student test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.Hypertension and diabetes were seen in 42.9% and 7% of the drivers respectively.Body mass index (BMI) in 41% of the drivers within the range of 25-30 was considered overweight and 23% of them were found to be obese.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. moraveji@kaums.ac.ir.

ABSTRACT

Background: Bus and truck drivers are apparently more involved in metabolic syndrome and its complications due to their working conditions. The related impacts are not only harmful for driver's health, but also may endanger others. The present research was carried out to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among bus and truck drivers in Kashan, a city in Iran.

Materials: In 2007, 429 bus and truck male drivers were enrolled to this cross sectional study to examine the metabolic syndrome using ATPIII criteria. Statistical tests including Chi-Square test, T-student test and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.

Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in subjects was 35.9%. Hypertension and diabetes were seen in 42.9% and 7% of the drivers respectively. Body mass index (BMI) in 41% of the drivers within the range of 25-30 was considered overweight and 23% of them were found to be obese. High triglyceride (53.4%) and low HDL-C levels (48.7%) were more common than other components of metabolic syndrome. A significant positive correlation was seen between BMI, diabetes, high blood pressure and metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001); but there was no positive correlation between metabolic syndrome and smoking (p < 0.06).

Conclusion: High prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other relevant risk factors for coronary heart diseases (CHD) were detected among the drivers. Based on these findings, it is recommended to consider training programs, establish pertinent health regulations, and focus on the metabolic syndrome complications in high risk group to improve and maintain their quality of life and to promote their public health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus