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Thermotropic phase behavior and headgroup interactions of the nonbilayer lipids phosphatidylethanolamine and monogalactosyldiacylglycerol in the dry state.

Popova AV, Hincha DK - BMC Biophys (2011)

Bottom Line: Similarly, the ethanolamine moiety of EPE was H-bonded to the carbonyl and choline groups of PC and probably interacted through charge pairing with the phosphate group.This study provides a comprehensive characterization of dry membranes containing the two most important nonbilayer lipids (PE and MGDG) in living cells.These data will be of particular relevance for the analysis of interactions between membranes and low molecular weight solutes or soluble proteins that are presumably involved in cellular protection during anhydrobiosis.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany. hincha@mpimp-golm.mpg.de.

ABSTRACT

Background: Although biological membranes are organized as lipid bilayers, they contain a substantial fraction of lipids that have a strong tendency to adopt a nonlamellar, most often inverted hexagonal (HII) phase. The polymorphic phase behavior of such nonbilayer lipids has been studied previously with a variety of methods in the fully hydrated state or at different degrees of dehydration. Here, we present a study of the thermotropic phase behavior of the nonbilayer lipids egg phosphatidylethanolamine (EPE) and monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) with a focus on interactions between the lipid molecules in the interfacial and headgroup regions.

Results: Liposomes were investigated in the dry state by Fourier-transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Dry EPE showed a gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition below 0°C and a liquid-crystalline to HII transition at 100°C. MGDG, on the other hand, was in the liquid-crystalline phase down to -30°C and showed a nonbilayer transition at about 85°C. Mixtures (1:1 by mass) with two different phosphatidylcholines (PC) formed bilayers with no evidence for nonbilayer transitions up to 120°C. FTIR spectroscopy revealed complex interactions between the nonbilayer lipids and PC. Strong H-bonding interactions occurred between the sugar headgroup of MGDG and the phosphate, carbonyl and choline groups of PC. Similarly, the ethanolamine moiety of EPE was H-bonded to the carbonyl and choline groups of PC and probably interacted through charge pairing with the phosphate group.

Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive characterization of dry membranes containing the two most important nonbilayer lipids (PE and MGDG) in living cells. These data will be of particular relevance for the analysis of interactions between membranes and low molecular weight solutes or soluble proteins that are presumably involved in cellular protection during anhydrobiosis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Infrared spectra in the carbonyl stretching region. Spectra were taken from dry EPE and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% EPE/50% EPC and 50% EPE/50% DMPC (A) and from dry MGDG and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% MGDG/50% EPC and 50% MGDG/50% DMPC (B). Spectra were measured at 90°C, except for DMPC at 100°C.
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Figure 3: Infrared spectra in the carbonyl stretching region. Spectra were taken from dry EPE and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% EPE/50% EPC and 50% EPE/50% DMPC (A) and from dry MGDG and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% MGDG/50% EPC and 50% MGDG/50% DMPC (B). Spectra were measured at 90°C, except for DMPC at 100°C.

Mentions: Figure 3 shows the C=O contours of all dry samples that were also analyzed for their melting behavior (Figures 1 and 2). The C=O contour of pure EPE is centered at 1740 cm-1, while all other peaks are located several wavenumbers lower. The peak measured with pure MGDG is broadened on the downfield side and those from liposomes containing MGDG/EPC or MGDG/DMPC show indications of component peaks attributable to free and H-bonded C=O (Figure 3B).


Thermotropic phase behavior and headgroup interactions of the nonbilayer lipids phosphatidylethanolamine and monogalactosyldiacylglycerol in the dry state.

Popova AV, Hincha DK - BMC Biophys (2011)

Infrared spectra in the carbonyl stretching region. Spectra were taken from dry EPE and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% EPE/50% EPC and 50% EPE/50% DMPC (A) and from dry MGDG and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% MGDG/50% EPC and 50% MGDG/50% DMPC (B). Spectra were measured at 90°C, except for DMPC at 100°C.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3116483&req=5

Figure 3: Infrared spectra in the carbonyl stretching region. Spectra were taken from dry EPE and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% EPE/50% EPC and 50% EPE/50% DMPC (A) and from dry MGDG and from dry liposomes containing pure EPC, pure DMPC, 50% MGDG/50% EPC and 50% MGDG/50% DMPC (B). Spectra were measured at 90°C, except for DMPC at 100°C.
Mentions: Figure 3 shows the C=O contours of all dry samples that were also analyzed for their melting behavior (Figures 1 and 2). The C=O contour of pure EPE is centered at 1740 cm-1, while all other peaks are located several wavenumbers lower. The peak measured with pure MGDG is broadened on the downfield side and those from liposomes containing MGDG/EPC or MGDG/DMPC show indications of component peaks attributable to free and H-bonded C=O (Figure 3B).

Bottom Line: Similarly, the ethanolamine moiety of EPE was H-bonded to the carbonyl and choline groups of PC and probably interacted through charge pairing with the phosphate group.This study provides a comprehensive characterization of dry membranes containing the two most important nonbilayer lipids (PE and MGDG) in living cells.These data will be of particular relevance for the analysis of interactions between membranes and low molecular weight solutes or soluble proteins that are presumably involved in cellular protection during anhydrobiosis.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany. hincha@mpimp-golm.mpg.de.

ABSTRACT

Background: Although biological membranes are organized as lipid bilayers, they contain a substantial fraction of lipids that have a strong tendency to adopt a nonlamellar, most often inverted hexagonal (HII) phase. The polymorphic phase behavior of such nonbilayer lipids has been studied previously with a variety of methods in the fully hydrated state or at different degrees of dehydration. Here, we present a study of the thermotropic phase behavior of the nonbilayer lipids egg phosphatidylethanolamine (EPE) and monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) with a focus on interactions between the lipid molecules in the interfacial and headgroup regions.

Results: Liposomes were investigated in the dry state by Fourier-transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Dry EPE showed a gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition below 0°C and a liquid-crystalline to HII transition at 100°C. MGDG, on the other hand, was in the liquid-crystalline phase down to -30°C and showed a nonbilayer transition at about 85°C. Mixtures (1:1 by mass) with two different phosphatidylcholines (PC) formed bilayers with no evidence for nonbilayer transitions up to 120°C. FTIR spectroscopy revealed complex interactions between the nonbilayer lipids and PC. Strong H-bonding interactions occurred between the sugar headgroup of MGDG and the phosphate, carbonyl and choline groups of PC. Similarly, the ethanolamine moiety of EPE was H-bonded to the carbonyl and choline groups of PC and probably interacted through charge pairing with the phosphate group.

Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive characterization of dry membranes containing the two most important nonbilayer lipids (PE and MGDG) in living cells. These data will be of particular relevance for the analysis of interactions between membranes and low molecular weight solutes or soluble proteins that are presumably involved in cellular protection during anhydrobiosis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus