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Assessment of prevalence and mortality incidences due to poisoning in a South Indian tertiary care teaching hospital.

Jesslin J, Adepu R, Churi S - Indian J Pharm Sci (2010)

Bottom Line: Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years.Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years.It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, SS Nagara, Mysore -570 015, India.

ABSTRACT
WHO reports estimate poisoning as one of the most common causes of increased morbidity and mortality rate world-wide. Various agents such as pesticides, drugs have been used for intentional and accidental poisoning in different countries. In the Indian scenario, pesticides are the most commonly used poisoning agents. To assess the prevalence and mortality incidence rate due to various poisoning agents a retrospective and prospective study conducted over a period of nine months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Retrospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the medical records section and the prospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the emergency and causality departments. A total of 1045 poisoning related admissions were identified during the period January 2005 to September 2008. Among them, 68.40% of cases were due to intentional poisoning and 31.60% were due to accidental poisoning. Of the poisoning related admissions, 84.4% of patients recovered, whereas in 7.6% of cases condition did not improve. Mortality rate was observed 4%. Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years. Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years. Incidence of overall poisoning cases were high due to pesticides (39.5%) followed by medicines (26.1%), household products (22.1%), environmental poisoning (12.1%) and heavy metals (0.2%). It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Percentage wise distribution of environmental poisoning cases Snake bite: 193 cases (Male= 144, Female= 49), Scorpian bite: 6 cases (Male= 4, Female= 02), Stings: 15 cases (Male= 6, Female= 9), Insect bite: 06 Cases (Male= 05, Female=01)
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Figure 5: Percentage wise distribution of environmental poisoning cases Snake bite: 193 cases (Male= 144, Female= 49), Scorpian bite: 6 cases (Male= 4, Female= 02), Stings: 15 cases (Male= 6, Female= 9), Insect bite: 06 Cases (Male= 05, Female=01)

Mentions: House hold products related poisoning was observed in children and most commonly used agents were hydrocarbons (68.35%) followed be phenyl (16.4%), naphthalene, (3.69) castor seed, caustic soda, acetone and hair dye, bleaching powder (1.03%), and 5.06 % cases were seen due to unknown liquid. There were two cases of heavy metals induced poisoning. One was due to arsenic and other one was due to copper. Environmental poisoning was seen more due to snake bite, followed by stings (bee, scorpion) and insect bite (fig. 5).


Assessment of prevalence and mortality incidences due to poisoning in a South Indian tertiary care teaching hospital.

Jesslin J, Adepu R, Churi S - Indian J Pharm Sci (2010)

Percentage wise distribution of environmental poisoning cases Snake bite: 193 cases (Male= 144, Female= 49), Scorpian bite: 6 cases (Male= 4, Female= 02), Stings: 15 cases (Male= 6, Female= 9), Insect bite: 06 Cases (Male= 05, Female=01)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3116303&req=5

Figure 5: Percentage wise distribution of environmental poisoning cases Snake bite: 193 cases (Male= 144, Female= 49), Scorpian bite: 6 cases (Male= 4, Female= 02), Stings: 15 cases (Male= 6, Female= 9), Insect bite: 06 Cases (Male= 05, Female=01)
Mentions: House hold products related poisoning was observed in children and most commonly used agents were hydrocarbons (68.35%) followed be phenyl (16.4%), naphthalene, (3.69) castor seed, caustic soda, acetone and hair dye, bleaching powder (1.03%), and 5.06 % cases were seen due to unknown liquid. There were two cases of heavy metals induced poisoning. One was due to arsenic and other one was due to copper. Environmental poisoning was seen more due to snake bite, followed by stings (bee, scorpion) and insect bite (fig. 5).

Bottom Line: Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years.Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years.It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, SS Nagara, Mysore -570 015, India.

ABSTRACT
WHO reports estimate poisoning as one of the most common causes of increased morbidity and mortality rate world-wide. Various agents such as pesticides, drugs have been used for intentional and accidental poisoning in different countries. In the Indian scenario, pesticides are the most commonly used poisoning agents. To assess the prevalence and mortality incidence rate due to various poisoning agents a retrospective and prospective study conducted over a period of nine months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Retrospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the medical records section and the prospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the emergency and causality departments. A total of 1045 poisoning related admissions were identified during the period January 2005 to September 2008. Among them, 68.40% of cases were due to intentional poisoning and 31.60% were due to accidental poisoning. Of the poisoning related admissions, 84.4% of patients recovered, whereas in 7.6% of cases condition did not improve. Mortality rate was observed 4%. Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years. Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years. Incidence of overall poisoning cases were high due to pesticides (39.5%) followed by medicines (26.1%), household products (22.1%), environmental poisoning (12.1%) and heavy metals (0.2%). It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus