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Assessment of prevalence and mortality incidences due to poisoning in a South Indian tertiary care teaching hospital.

Jesslin J, Adepu R, Churi S - Indian J Pharm Sci (2010)

Bottom Line: Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years.Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years.It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, SS Nagara, Mysore -570 015, India.

ABSTRACT
WHO reports estimate poisoning as one of the most common causes of increased morbidity and mortality rate world-wide. Various agents such as pesticides, drugs have been used for intentional and accidental poisoning in different countries. In the Indian scenario, pesticides are the most commonly used poisoning agents. To assess the prevalence and mortality incidence rate due to various poisoning agents a retrospective and prospective study conducted over a period of nine months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Retrospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the medical records section and the prospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the emergency and causality departments. A total of 1045 poisoning related admissions were identified during the period January 2005 to September 2008. Among them, 68.40% of cases were due to intentional poisoning and 31.60% were due to accidental poisoning. Of the poisoning related admissions, 84.4% of patients recovered, whereas in 7.6% of cases condition did not improve. Mortality rate was observed 4%. Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years. Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years. Incidence of overall poisoning cases were high due to pesticides (39.5%) followed by medicines (26.1%), household products (22.1%), environmental poisoning (12.1%) and heavy metals (0.2%). It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Age distribution of total poisoning cases Total number of cases: 1045, X axis= Age distribution, Y axis = Number of poisoning cases
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Figure 3: Age distribution of total poisoning cases Total number of cases: 1045, X axis= Age distribution, Y axis = Number of poisoning cases

Mentions: Majority of the poisoning incidences were seen in age group between 18-29 years (fig. 3). Amongst the intentional poisoning cases, adult males (60.2%) predominated over adult females (39.8%) and in adolescence group majority were seen in females (71.4%) when compared to males (28.6%). It was also observed that the incidence of poisoning was decreased with the increasing age. Among the accidental poisoning, majority of the incidences were seen in adult males (42.3%) followed by male children (21.3%). In children, majority poisoning cases were seen in boys (64.9%) compared to the girls (35.1%). Accidental poisoning cases were seen more due to house hold products (64.6%), followed by pesticides (22.9%) and medicines (12.5%).


Assessment of prevalence and mortality incidences due to poisoning in a South Indian tertiary care teaching hospital.

Jesslin J, Adepu R, Churi S - Indian J Pharm Sci (2010)

Age distribution of total poisoning cases Total number of cases: 1045, X axis= Age distribution, Y axis = Number of poisoning cases
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3116303&req=5

Figure 3: Age distribution of total poisoning cases Total number of cases: 1045, X axis= Age distribution, Y axis = Number of poisoning cases
Mentions: Majority of the poisoning incidences were seen in age group between 18-29 years (fig. 3). Amongst the intentional poisoning cases, adult males (60.2%) predominated over adult females (39.8%) and in adolescence group majority were seen in females (71.4%) when compared to males (28.6%). It was also observed that the incidence of poisoning was decreased with the increasing age. Among the accidental poisoning, majority of the incidences were seen in adult males (42.3%) followed by male children (21.3%). In children, majority poisoning cases were seen in boys (64.9%) compared to the girls (35.1%). Accidental poisoning cases were seen more due to house hold products (64.6%), followed by pesticides (22.9%) and medicines (12.5%).

Bottom Line: Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years.Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years.It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacy Practice, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, SS Nagara, Mysore -570 015, India.

ABSTRACT
WHO reports estimate poisoning as one of the most common causes of increased morbidity and mortality rate world-wide. Various agents such as pesticides, drugs have been used for intentional and accidental poisoning in different countries. In the Indian scenario, pesticides are the most commonly used poisoning agents. To assess the prevalence and mortality incidence rate due to various poisoning agents a retrospective and prospective study conducted over a period of nine months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Retrospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the medical records section and the prospective data of poisoning cases was collected from the emergency and causality departments. A total of 1045 poisoning related admissions were identified during the period January 2005 to September 2008. Among them, 68.40% of cases were due to intentional poisoning and 31.60% were due to accidental poisoning. Of the poisoning related admissions, 84.4% of patients recovered, whereas in 7.6% of cases condition did not improve. Mortality rate was observed 4%. Intentional poisoning was observed more in male population (60.2%) in the age group of 18-29 years. Accidental poisoning was seen more in children in the age group of 1-3 years. Incidence of overall poisoning cases were high due to pesticides (39.5%) followed by medicines (26.1%), household products (22.1%), environmental poisoning (12.1%) and heavy metals (0.2%). It was observed that availability of centralised poison information centre and treatment protocols will improvise poison management practices in tertiary care hospitals by the clinicians.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus