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Outbreak of botulism in a dairy herd in Turkey.

Senturk S, Cihan H - Ir Vet J (2007)

Bottom Line: In this study, the clinical findings and results of haematological and biochemical analyses of 26 cattle with botulism were evaluated.The most important clinical signs in the affected cattle included: decreased appetite, ataxia, difficulty to rise, loss of tongue tone, salivation and bradycardia.This study is the first confirmation, by direct toxin isolation, of Clostridium botulinum type C and Clostridium botulinum type D in cattle, in Turkey.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Uludag University, 16190, Bursa, Turkey. sezsen@uludag.edu.tr.

ABSTRACT
In this study, the clinical findings and results of haematological and biochemical analyses of 26 cattle with botulism were evaluated. The most important clinical signs in the affected cattle included: decreased appetite, ataxia, difficulty to rise, loss of tongue tone, salivation and bradycardia. A definitive diagnosis of botulism was based on demonstration of the preformed toxin in ruminal and intestinal contents and feed materials including poultry litter, by mouse inoculation test. This study is the first confirmation, by direct toxin isolation, of Clostridium botulinum type C and Clostridium botulinum type D in cattle, in Turkey.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Recumbent cattle adopted a posture where the head was turned back against the flank.
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Figure 1: Recumbent cattle adopted a posture where the head was turned back against the flank.

Mentions: Eleven of the cattle, based on auscultation of the lungs. In addition, cattle that were recumbent adopted a posture wherein the head was turned back against the flank, similar to that seen with hypocalcaemia (Figure 1). In the terminal stages of the disease, all the cattle were recumbent, had hypothermia and their respiration was laboured. Haematological results were within normal limits, except for haematocrit, total white cell count and differentials in some animals. Twelve of the cattle had leucocytosis (mean: 15.2 ± 0.9 × 109 cells/L, normal reference range: 4-12 × 109 cells/L ) along with neutrophilia (mean: 13.1 ± 0.9 × 109 cells/L, normal reference range 0.6-4 × 109 cells/L ). In addition, 15 of the cattle had a high hematocrit (mean: 47.5 ± 2.1%, normal reference range: 24-46%). There was a slight increase in the activities of AST (272.5 ± 21.3 U/L, normal reference range: 60-150 U/L) and CK (mean 315.9 ± 25.8 U/L, normal reference range: 46-169 U/L) in 14 of the recumbent animals. In addition, the concentrations of serum urea (mean: 68.2 ± 6.9 mg/dL, normal reference range: 6-27 mg/dL), creatinine (mean: 3.4 ± 0.3 mg/dl, normal reference range: 1-2.7 mg/dL), total protein ( mean: 8.1 ± 0.4 g/dL, normal reference range: 6.6-7.8 g/dL) and potassium (mean: 6.4 ± 0.4 mEq/L, normal reference range: 3.9-5.8 mEq/L) were high in recumbent cows. Other biochemical parameters were normal.


Outbreak of botulism in a dairy herd in Turkey.

Senturk S, Cihan H - Ir Vet J (2007)

Recumbent cattle adopted a posture where the head was turned back against the flank.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3113833&req=5

Figure 1: Recumbent cattle adopted a posture where the head was turned back against the flank.
Mentions: Eleven of the cattle, based on auscultation of the lungs. In addition, cattle that were recumbent adopted a posture wherein the head was turned back against the flank, similar to that seen with hypocalcaemia (Figure 1). In the terminal stages of the disease, all the cattle were recumbent, had hypothermia and their respiration was laboured. Haematological results were within normal limits, except for haematocrit, total white cell count and differentials in some animals. Twelve of the cattle had leucocytosis (mean: 15.2 ± 0.9 × 109 cells/L, normal reference range: 4-12 × 109 cells/L ) along with neutrophilia (mean: 13.1 ± 0.9 × 109 cells/L, normal reference range 0.6-4 × 109 cells/L ). In addition, 15 of the cattle had a high hematocrit (mean: 47.5 ± 2.1%, normal reference range: 24-46%). There was a slight increase in the activities of AST (272.5 ± 21.3 U/L, normal reference range: 60-150 U/L) and CK (mean 315.9 ± 25.8 U/L, normal reference range: 46-169 U/L) in 14 of the recumbent animals. In addition, the concentrations of serum urea (mean: 68.2 ± 6.9 mg/dL, normal reference range: 6-27 mg/dL), creatinine (mean: 3.4 ± 0.3 mg/dl, normal reference range: 1-2.7 mg/dL), total protein ( mean: 8.1 ± 0.4 g/dL, normal reference range: 6.6-7.8 g/dL) and potassium (mean: 6.4 ± 0.4 mEq/L, normal reference range: 3.9-5.8 mEq/L) were high in recumbent cows. Other biochemical parameters were normal.

Bottom Line: In this study, the clinical findings and results of haematological and biochemical analyses of 26 cattle with botulism were evaluated.The most important clinical signs in the affected cattle included: decreased appetite, ataxia, difficulty to rise, loss of tongue tone, salivation and bradycardia.This study is the first confirmation, by direct toxin isolation, of Clostridium botulinum type C and Clostridium botulinum type D in cattle, in Turkey.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Uludag University, 16190, Bursa, Turkey. sezsen@uludag.edu.tr.

ABSTRACT
In this study, the clinical findings and results of haematological and biochemical analyses of 26 cattle with botulism were evaluated. The most important clinical signs in the affected cattle included: decreased appetite, ataxia, difficulty to rise, loss of tongue tone, salivation and bradycardia. A definitive diagnosis of botulism was based on demonstration of the preformed toxin in ruminal and intestinal contents and feed materials including poultry litter, by mouse inoculation test. This study is the first confirmation, by direct toxin isolation, of Clostridium botulinum type C and Clostridium botulinum type D in cattle, in Turkey.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus