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Right dorsal colitis in the horse: minireview and reports on three cases in Ireland.

Galvin N, Dillon H, McGovern F - Ir Vet J (2004)

Bottom Line: The most consistent laboratory findings are anaemia, hypoproteinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and hypocalcaemia.Medical management of RDC requires avoidance of NSAIDs, of stressful experiences and of large-volume diets.The use of dietary additions such as psyllium and corn oil has been mentioned in the literature.RDC has not been reported previously in Ireland or Britain; here we report that the condition was diagnosed in three horses in Ireland on the bases of a history of phenylbutazone therapy, clinical signs, clinical pathology and ultrasonography.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Bohergoy, Maddenstown, The Curragh, Co Kildare, Ireland. galvinnoreen@eircom.net.

ABSTRACT
: Right dorsal colitis (RDC) is an ulcerative inflammatory bowel disorder of the horse that has been associated with the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly in horses treated when dehydrated or toxaemic. The acute form of RDC may result in profuse diarrhoea, severe colic, dehydration, endotoxic shock and even death; the chronic form may be manifest by mild to moderate intermittent colic, ventral oedema and weight loss with or without diarrhoea. The most consistent laboratory findings are anaemia, hypoproteinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and hypocalcaemia. Medical management of RDC requires avoidance of NSAIDs, of stressful experiences and of large-volume diets. Specific medications such as sucralfate and metronidazole have been used to treat RDC in the horse. The use of dietary additions such as psyllium and corn oil has been mentioned in the literature.RDC has not been reported previously in Ireland or Britain; here we report that the condition was diagnosed in three horses in Ireland on the bases of a history of phenylbutazone therapy, clinical signs, clinical pathology and ultrasonography. In two of the three horses the diagnosis was confirmed by direct inspection of the affected colon at celiotomy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Horse 1. Image of the abaxial wall of the right dorsal colon (RDC) imaged from the right 12th intercostal space. The liver and the duodenum (D) can be seen here lying dorsal to the RDC.The mural thickness was 1.3 cm.
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Figure 1: Horse 1. Image of the abaxial wall of the right dorsal colon (RDC) imaged from the right 12th intercostal space. The liver and the duodenum (D) can be seen here lying dorsal to the RDC.The mural thickness was 1.3 cm.

Mentions: Clinicopathological abnormalities included mild anaemia, severe hypoproteinaemia with a hypoalbuminaemia (Table 3). Total serum calcium was decreased. Faecal occult blood test was positive. Abdominocentesis revealed a grossly normal sample of peritoneal fluid, with an elevated white blood cell content and increased total protein (Table 3). Abdominal ultrasonography was unremarkable except for an increased thickness (1.3 cm) in the wall of the right dorsal colon at the level of the 12th intercostal space (Figure 1).


Right dorsal colitis in the horse: minireview and reports on three cases in Ireland.

Galvin N, Dillon H, McGovern F - Ir Vet J (2004)

Horse 1. Image of the abaxial wall of the right dorsal colon (RDC) imaged from the right 12th intercostal space. The liver and the duodenum (D) can be seen here lying dorsal to the RDC.The mural thickness was 1.3 cm.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3113814&req=5

Figure 1: Horse 1. Image of the abaxial wall of the right dorsal colon (RDC) imaged from the right 12th intercostal space. The liver and the duodenum (D) can be seen here lying dorsal to the RDC.The mural thickness was 1.3 cm.
Mentions: Clinicopathological abnormalities included mild anaemia, severe hypoproteinaemia with a hypoalbuminaemia (Table 3). Total serum calcium was decreased. Faecal occult blood test was positive. Abdominocentesis revealed a grossly normal sample of peritoneal fluid, with an elevated white blood cell content and increased total protein (Table 3). Abdominal ultrasonography was unremarkable except for an increased thickness (1.3 cm) in the wall of the right dorsal colon at the level of the 12th intercostal space (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: The most consistent laboratory findings are anaemia, hypoproteinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and hypocalcaemia.Medical management of RDC requires avoidance of NSAIDs, of stressful experiences and of large-volume diets.The use of dietary additions such as psyllium and corn oil has been mentioned in the literature.RDC has not been reported previously in Ireland or Britain; here we report that the condition was diagnosed in three horses in Ireland on the bases of a history of phenylbutazone therapy, clinical signs, clinical pathology and ultrasonography.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Bohergoy, Maddenstown, The Curragh, Co Kildare, Ireland. galvinnoreen@eircom.net.

ABSTRACT
: Right dorsal colitis (RDC) is an ulcerative inflammatory bowel disorder of the horse that has been associated with the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly in horses treated when dehydrated or toxaemic. The acute form of RDC may result in profuse diarrhoea, severe colic, dehydration, endotoxic shock and even death; the chronic form may be manifest by mild to moderate intermittent colic, ventral oedema and weight loss with or without diarrhoea. The most consistent laboratory findings are anaemia, hypoproteinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and hypocalcaemia. Medical management of RDC requires avoidance of NSAIDs, of stressful experiences and of large-volume diets. Specific medications such as sucralfate and metronidazole have been used to treat RDC in the horse. The use of dietary additions such as psyllium and corn oil has been mentioned in the literature.RDC has not been reported previously in Ireland or Britain; here we report that the condition was diagnosed in three horses in Ireland on the bases of a history of phenylbutazone therapy, clinical signs, clinical pathology and ultrasonography. In two of the three horses the diagnosis was confirmed by direct inspection of the affected colon at celiotomy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus