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Interpersonal synergies.

Riley MA, Richardson MJ, Shockley K, Ramenzoni VC - Front Psychol (2011)

Bottom Line: Interpersonal synergies are higher-order control systems formed by coupling movement system degrees of freedom of two (or more) actors.Characteristic features of synergies identified in studies of intrapersonal coordination - dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation - are revealed in studies of interpersonal coordination that applied the uncontrolled manifold approach and principal component analysis to interpersonal movement tasks.Broader implications of the interpersonal synergy approach for movement science include an expanded notion of mechanism and an emphasis on interaction-dominant dynamics.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Cognition, Action, and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH, USA.

ABSTRACT
We present the perspective that interpersonal movement coordination results from establishing interpersonal synergies. Interpersonal synergies are higher-order control systems formed by coupling movement system degrees of freedom of two (or more) actors. Characteristic features of synergies identified in studies of intrapersonal coordination - dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation - are revealed in studies of interpersonal coordination that applied the uncontrolled manifold approach and principal component analysis to interpersonal movement tasks. Broader implications of the interpersonal synergy approach for movement science include an expanded notion of mechanism and an emphasis on interaction-dominant dynamics.

No MeSH data available.


(A) Hypothetical mechanism for appearance of interpersonal coordination. Each actor assembles a synergy that achieves the movement pattern required by the actor's role in the task. Because actors share similar representations of the task they are able to execute similar but independent movement patterns without demonstrating the reciprocal compensation that characterizes synergies. (B) Hypothetical mechanism for interpersonal coordination that involves the formation of a joint or interpersonal synergy, composed of elements of each actor's movement system.
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Figure 2: (A) Hypothetical mechanism for appearance of interpersonal coordination. Each actor assembles a synergy that achieves the movement pattern required by the actor's role in the task. Because actors share similar representations of the task they are able to execute similar but independent movement patterns without demonstrating the reciprocal compensation that characterizes synergies. (B) Hypothetical mechanism for interpersonal coordination that involves the formation of a joint or interpersonal synergy, composed of elements of each actor's movement system.

Mentions: Apparent interpersonal coordination could be merely incidental (Figure 2A) – rather than reflecting true coordination, with the signatures of dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation, people may appear to coordinate their movements because they simultaneously execute similar motor programs, mediated by shared motor representations (Garrod and Pickering, 2004, 2009; Sebanz et al., 2006). The studies described below contradict this alternative hypothesis and instead support the interpersonal synergy hypothesis (see Figure 2B). One study applied the UCM analysis to interpersonal rhythmic movement coordination (Black et al., 2007) and another applied principal component analysis (PCA) to performance of an interpersonal precision task (Ramenzoni, 2008).


Interpersonal synergies.

Riley MA, Richardson MJ, Shockley K, Ramenzoni VC - Front Psychol (2011)

(A) Hypothetical mechanism for appearance of interpersonal coordination. Each actor assembles a synergy that achieves the movement pattern required by the actor's role in the task. Because actors share similar representations of the task they are able to execute similar but independent movement patterns without demonstrating the reciprocal compensation that characterizes synergies. (B) Hypothetical mechanism for interpersonal coordination that involves the formation of a joint or interpersonal synergy, composed of elements of each actor's movement system.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3110940&req=5

Figure 2: (A) Hypothetical mechanism for appearance of interpersonal coordination. Each actor assembles a synergy that achieves the movement pattern required by the actor's role in the task. Because actors share similar representations of the task they are able to execute similar but independent movement patterns without demonstrating the reciprocal compensation that characterizes synergies. (B) Hypothetical mechanism for interpersonal coordination that involves the formation of a joint or interpersonal synergy, composed of elements of each actor's movement system.
Mentions: Apparent interpersonal coordination could be merely incidental (Figure 2A) – rather than reflecting true coordination, with the signatures of dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation, people may appear to coordinate their movements because they simultaneously execute similar motor programs, mediated by shared motor representations (Garrod and Pickering, 2004, 2009; Sebanz et al., 2006). The studies described below contradict this alternative hypothesis and instead support the interpersonal synergy hypothesis (see Figure 2B). One study applied the UCM analysis to interpersonal rhythmic movement coordination (Black et al., 2007) and another applied principal component analysis (PCA) to performance of an interpersonal precision task (Ramenzoni, 2008).

Bottom Line: Interpersonal synergies are higher-order control systems formed by coupling movement system degrees of freedom of two (or more) actors.Characteristic features of synergies identified in studies of intrapersonal coordination - dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation - are revealed in studies of interpersonal coordination that applied the uncontrolled manifold approach and principal component analysis to interpersonal movement tasks.Broader implications of the interpersonal synergy approach for movement science include an expanded notion of mechanism and an emphasis on interaction-dominant dynamics.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Cognition, Action, and Perception, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH, USA.

ABSTRACT
We present the perspective that interpersonal movement coordination results from establishing interpersonal synergies. Interpersonal synergies are higher-order control systems formed by coupling movement system degrees of freedom of two (or more) actors. Characteristic features of synergies identified in studies of intrapersonal coordination - dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation - are revealed in studies of interpersonal coordination that applied the uncontrolled manifold approach and principal component analysis to interpersonal movement tasks. Broader implications of the interpersonal synergy approach for movement science include an expanded notion of mechanism and an emphasis on interaction-dominant dynamics.

No MeSH data available.