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Human serum-derived hydroxy long-chain fatty acids exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.

Ritchie SA, Jayasinghe D, Davies GF, Ahiahonu P, Ma H, Goodenowe DB - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2011)

Bottom Line: Enriched fractions resulted in poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, suppression of NFκB, induction of IκBα, and reduction in NOS2 mRNA transcript levels.Our results show that human serum extracts enriched with endogenous long-chain hydroxy fatty acids possess anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.These findings support a hypothesis that the reduction of these metabolites with age may result in a compromised ability to defend against uncontrolled cell growth and inflammation, and could therefore represent a significant risk for the development of CRC.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Phenomenome Discoveries, Inc, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. s.ritchie@phenomenome.com

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Mass spectrometry characterization of semi-purified GTA-ve and GTA+ve extracts. (A) Crude serum extract (as shown in Figure 1) was subject to flash column chromatography as described in the methods resulting in two adjacent eluates, one positive and one negative for the presence of GTAs. The total ion chromatogram (top), extracted mass spectra (middle), and extracted ion chromatograms for three GTAs (GTA446, 448 and 450; bottom) of the GTA-ve fraction. (B) Same as (A) for the GTA+ve fraction. (C) For comparison, the extracted ion chromatograms of GTA446, 448 and 450 from the extracts of serum pooled from 20 CRC patients and 20 controls is shown.
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Figure 2: Mass spectrometry characterization of semi-purified GTA-ve and GTA+ve extracts. (A) Crude serum extract (as shown in Figure 1) was subject to flash column chromatography as described in the methods resulting in two adjacent eluates, one positive and one negative for the presence of GTAs. The total ion chromatogram (top), extracted mass spectra (middle), and extracted ion chromatograms for three GTAs (GTA446, 448 and 450; bottom) of the GTA-ve fraction. (B) Same as (A) for the GTA+ve fraction. (C) For comparison, the extracted ion chromatograms of GTA446, 448 and 450 from the extracts of serum pooled from 20 CRC patients and 20 controls is shown.

Mentions: Organic serum extract was next subjected to flash column chromatography as described in the methods, resulting in 12 fractions which were subsequently analyzed by HPLC-MS to determine GTA content. Although other components were present in all the fractions, only fraction 9 out of the 12 was enriched for the C28 GTAs (referred to as the GTA+ve fraction). A GTA negative control fraction (fraction 8, lacking any detectable GTAs) was also selected for the studies described below. Representative total ion chromatograms, extracted mass spectra and selected ion chromatograms of the three C28 GTAs for the GTA-ve and GTA+ve fractions are shown in Figures 2A and 2B, respectively. By comparing the sums of the selected ion chromatograms of the three GTAs to the total ion currents, we estimated that the GTA+ve fraction contained approximately 21% C28 GTAs while the GTA-ve fraction had no detectable levels (bottom panel of Figures 2A and 2B). The non-GTA background components for both fractions were similar, and the most abundant non-GTA components in the GTA+ve fraction were also the most abundant components in the GTA-ve fraction. Therefore, the two fractions were compositionally similar other than the 21% GTA content of the GTA+ve fraction, which represented an approximately 143-fold enrichment of the three C28 GTA metabolites over the crude organic serum extract (as shown in Figure 1A). These fractionations were repeated several times with consistent results. We therefore concluded that the fractions were sufficiently matched for investigating biological activity as described below. For comparison, the relative levels of the three C28 GTAs from 40 pooled CRC patients' serum and serum from 40 matched control subjects is shown in Figure 2C.


Human serum-derived hydroxy long-chain fatty acids exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.

Ritchie SA, Jayasinghe D, Davies GF, Ahiahonu P, Ma H, Goodenowe DB - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2011)

Mass spectrometry characterization of semi-purified GTA-ve and GTA+ve extracts. (A) Crude serum extract (as shown in Figure 1) was subject to flash column chromatography as described in the methods resulting in two adjacent eluates, one positive and one negative for the presence of GTAs. The total ion chromatogram (top), extracted mass spectra (middle), and extracted ion chromatograms for three GTAs (GTA446, 448 and 450; bottom) of the GTA-ve fraction. (B) Same as (A) for the GTA+ve fraction. (C) For comparison, the extracted ion chromatograms of GTA446, 448 and 450 from the extracts of serum pooled from 20 CRC patients and 20 controls is shown.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
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Figure 2: Mass spectrometry characterization of semi-purified GTA-ve and GTA+ve extracts. (A) Crude serum extract (as shown in Figure 1) was subject to flash column chromatography as described in the methods resulting in two adjacent eluates, one positive and one negative for the presence of GTAs. The total ion chromatogram (top), extracted mass spectra (middle), and extracted ion chromatograms for three GTAs (GTA446, 448 and 450; bottom) of the GTA-ve fraction. (B) Same as (A) for the GTA+ve fraction. (C) For comparison, the extracted ion chromatograms of GTA446, 448 and 450 from the extracts of serum pooled from 20 CRC patients and 20 controls is shown.
Mentions: Organic serum extract was next subjected to flash column chromatography as described in the methods, resulting in 12 fractions which were subsequently analyzed by HPLC-MS to determine GTA content. Although other components were present in all the fractions, only fraction 9 out of the 12 was enriched for the C28 GTAs (referred to as the GTA+ve fraction). A GTA negative control fraction (fraction 8, lacking any detectable GTAs) was also selected for the studies described below. Representative total ion chromatograms, extracted mass spectra and selected ion chromatograms of the three C28 GTAs for the GTA-ve and GTA+ve fractions are shown in Figures 2A and 2B, respectively. By comparing the sums of the selected ion chromatograms of the three GTAs to the total ion currents, we estimated that the GTA+ve fraction contained approximately 21% C28 GTAs while the GTA-ve fraction had no detectable levels (bottom panel of Figures 2A and 2B). The non-GTA background components for both fractions were similar, and the most abundant non-GTA components in the GTA+ve fraction were also the most abundant components in the GTA-ve fraction. Therefore, the two fractions were compositionally similar other than the 21% GTA content of the GTA+ve fraction, which represented an approximately 143-fold enrichment of the three C28 GTA metabolites over the crude organic serum extract (as shown in Figure 1A). These fractionations were repeated several times with consistent results. We therefore concluded that the fractions were sufficiently matched for investigating biological activity as described below. For comparison, the relative levels of the three C28 GTAs from 40 pooled CRC patients' serum and serum from 40 matched control subjects is shown in Figure 2C.

Bottom Line: Enriched fractions resulted in poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, suppression of NFκB, induction of IκBα, and reduction in NOS2 mRNA transcript levels.Our results show that human serum extracts enriched with endogenous long-chain hydroxy fatty acids possess anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.These findings support a hypothesis that the reduction of these metabolites with age may result in a compromised ability to defend against uncontrolled cell growth and inflammation, and could therefore represent a significant risk for the development of CRC.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Phenomenome Discoveries, Inc, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. s.ritchie@phenomenome.com

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus