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Human serum-derived hydroxy long-chain fatty acids exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.

Ritchie SA, Jayasinghe D, Davies GF, Ahiahonu P, Ma H, Goodenowe DB - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2011)

Bottom Line: Enriched fractions resulted in poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, suppression of NFκB, induction of IκBα, and reduction in NOS2 mRNA transcript levels.Our results show that human serum extracts enriched with endogenous long-chain hydroxy fatty acids possess anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.These findings support a hypothesis that the reduction of these metabolites with age may result in a compromised ability to defend against uncontrolled cell growth and inflammation, and could therefore represent a significant risk for the development of CRC.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Phenomenome Discoveries, Inc, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. s.ritchie@phenomenome.com

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Total ion chromatogram of crude serum organic extract. (A) Total ion current of bulk serum following liquid/liquid extraction and HPLC-coupled mass spectrometry as explained in the methods. (B) Extracted mass spectra of all masses from (A). (C) Extracted ion chromatograms of GTAs 446, 448 and 450 from the total ion current shown in A. (D) Cell proliferation, as assayed by MTT, for SW620 cells treated with up to 80 ug/ml of the crude serum extract.
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Figure 1: Total ion chromatogram of crude serum organic extract. (A) Total ion current of bulk serum following liquid/liquid extraction and HPLC-coupled mass spectrometry as explained in the methods. (B) Extracted mass spectra of all masses from (A). (C) Extracted ion chromatograms of GTAs 446, 448 and 450 from the total ion current shown in A. (D) Cell proliferation, as assayed by MTT, for SW620 cells treated with up to 80 ug/ml of the crude serum extract.

Mentions: We first determined whether crude serum ethyl acetate extract, prior to chromatographic enrichment of GTAs, would have any effect on cellular growth by treating cells with commercially available bulk human serum extracts (see methods). The total ion chromatogram (TIC) of the organic fraction following HPLC-coupled time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry is shown in Figure 1A. The extracted mass spectra of the complete TIC is shown in Figure 1B, which was dominated by various free fatty acids but contained detectable levels of GTAs including those with masses of 446 (C28H46O4), 448 (C28H48O4) and 450 (C28H50O4) Da (Figures 1B and 1C). By calculating the peak areas of the three chromatograms, we estimated that these three GTAs represented no more than 0.15% of the total ion current in the sample. Incubation of SW620 cells with up to 80 ug/ml of the extract for 48 hours showed no effect on cell proliferation (Figure 1D) or any effects on cell morphology as assessed by light microscopy (not shown).


Human serum-derived hydroxy long-chain fatty acids exhibit anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.

Ritchie SA, Jayasinghe D, Davies GF, Ahiahonu P, Ma H, Goodenowe DB - J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res. (2011)

Total ion chromatogram of crude serum organic extract. (A) Total ion current of bulk serum following liquid/liquid extraction and HPLC-coupled mass spectrometry as explained in the methods. (B) Extracted mass spectra of all masses from (A). (C) Extracted ion chromatograms of GTAs 446, 448 and 450 from the total ion current shown in A. (D) Cell proliferation, as assayed by MTT, for SW620 cells treated with up to 80 ug/ml of the crude serum extract.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108922&req=5

Figure 1: Total ion chromatogram of crude serum organic extract. (A) Total ion current of bulk serum following liquid/liquid extraction and HPLC-coupled mass spectrometry as explained in the methods. (B) Extracted mass spectra of all masses from (A). (C) Extracted ion chromatograms of GTAs 446, 448 and 450 from the total ion current shown in A. (D) Cell proliferation, as assayed by MTT, for SW620 cells treated with up to 80 ug/ml of the crude serum extract.
Mentions: We first determined whether crude serum ethyl acetate extract, prior to chromatographic enrichment of GTAs, would have any effect on cellular growth by treating cells with commercially available bulk human serum extracts (see methods). The total ion chromatogram (TIC) of the organic fraction following HPLC-coupled time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry is shown in Figure 1A. The extracted mass spectra of the complete TIC is shown in Figure 1B, which was dominated by various free fatty acids but contained detectable levels of GTAs including those with masses of 446 (C28H46O4), 448 (C28H48O4) and 450 (C28H50O4) Da (Figures 1B and 1C). By calculating the peak areas of the three chromatograms, we estimated that these three GTAs represented no more than 0.15% of the total ion current in the sample. Incubation of SW620 cells with up to 80 ug/ml of the extract for 48 hours showed no effect on cell proliferation (Figure 1D) or any effects on cell morphology as assessed by light microscopy (not shown).

Bottom Line: Enriched fractions resulted in poly-ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, suppression of NFκB, induction of IκBα, and reduction in NOS2 mRNA transcript levels.Our results show that human serum extracts enriched with endogenous long-chain hydroxy fatty acids possess anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity.These findings support a hypothesis that the reduction of these metabolites with age may result in a compromised ability to defend against uncontrolled cell growth and inflammation, and could therefore represent a significant risk for the development of CRC.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Phenomenome Discoveries, Inc, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. s.ritchie@phenomenome.com

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus