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Relating pitch awareness to phonemic awareness in children: implications for tone-deafness and dyslexia.

Loui P, Kroog K, Zuk J, Winner E, Schlaug G - Front Psychol (2011)

Bottom Line: Here we show that phonemic awareness skills are positively correlated with pitch perception-production skills in children.Children between the ages of seven and nine were tested on pitch perception and production, phonemic awareness, and IQ.Results showed a significant positive correlation between pitch perception-production and phonemic awareness, suggesting that the relationship between musical and linguistic sound processing is intimately linked to awareness at the level of pitch and phonemes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA, USA.

ABSTRACT
Language and music are complex cognitive and neural functions that rely on awareness of one's own sound productions. Information on the awareness of vocal pitch, and its relation to phonemic awareness which is crucial for learning to read, will be important for understanding the relationship between tone-deafness and developmental language disorders such as dyslexia. Here we show that phonemic awareness skills are positively correlated with pitch perception-production skills in children. Children between the ages of seven and nine were tested on pitch perception and production, phonemic awareness, and IQ. Results showed a significant positive correlation between pitch perception-production and phonemic awareness, suggesting that the relationship between musical and linguistic sound processing is intimately linked to awareness at the level of pitch and phonemes. Since tone-deafness is a pitch-related impairment and dyslexia is a deficit of phonemic awareness, we suggest that dyslexia and tone-deafness may have a shared and/or common neural basis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Pitch perception–production index as a function of phonemic awareness score.
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Figure 1: Pitch perception–production index as a function of phonemic awareness score.

Mentions: Having established multiple significant bivariate relationships between each set of variables, the next step was to determine whether the relationship between Phonemic Awareness and Pitch Perception–Production existed even after controlling for general intelligence (as measured by the KBIT), age, SES, and musical training. A partial correlation was run examining the relationship of the Perception–Production Index and Phonemic Awareness, with age, KBIT, SES, and number of years of musical training controlled. Partial correlations revealed significant correlations between Pitch Perception–Production and Phonemic Awareness even after partialing out the effects of intelligence, age, SES, and musical training (rpartial = 0.586, p = 0.008). The relationship between Phonemic Awareness and Pitch Perception–Production is shown in Figure 1.


Relating pitch awareness to phonemic awareness in children: implications for tone-deafness and dyslexia.

Loui P, Kroog K, Zuk J, Winner E, Schlaug G - Front Psychol (2011)

Pitch perception–production index as a function of phonemic awareness score.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108552&req=5

Figure 1: Pitch perception–production index as a function of phonemic awareness score.
Mentions: Having established multiple significant bivariate relationships between each set of variables, the next step was to determine whether the relationship between Phonemic Awareness and Pitch Perception–Production existed even after controlling for general intelligence (as measured by the KBIT), age, SES, and musical training. A partial correlation was run examining the relationship of the Perception–Production Index and Phonemic Awareness, with age, KBIT, SES, and number of years of musical training controlled. Partial correlations revealed significant correlations between Pitch Perception–Production and Phonemic Awareness even after partialing out the effects of intelligence, age, SES, and musical training (rpartial = 0.586, p = 0.008). The relationship between Phonemic Awareness and Pitch Perception–Production is shown in Figure 1.

Bottom Line: Here we show that phonemic awareness skills are positively correlated with pitch perception-production skills in children.Children between the ages of seven and nine were tested on pitch perception and production, phonemic awareness, and IQ.Results showed a significant positive correlation between pitch perception-production and phonemic awareness, suggesting that the relationship between musical and linguistic sound processing is intimately linked to awareness at the level of pitch and phonemes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA, USA.

ABSTRACT
Language and music are complex cognitive and neural functions that rely on awareness of one's own sound productions. Information on the awareness of vocal pitch, and its relation to phonemic awareness which is crucial for learning to read, will be important for understanding the relationship between tone-deafness and developmental language disorders such as dyslexia. Here we show that phonemic awareness skills are positively correlated with pitch perception-production skills in children. Children between the ages of seven and nine were tested on pitch perception and production, phonemic awareness, and IQ. Results showed a significant positive correlation between pitch perception-production and phonemic awareness, suggesting that the relationship between musical and linguistic sound processing is intimately linked to awareness at the level of pitch and phonemes. Since tone-deafness is a pitch-related impairment and dyslexia is a deficit of phonemic awareness, we suggest that dyslexia and tone-deafness may have a shared and/or common neural basis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus