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Imaging of the Head and Neck following Radiation Treatment.

Debnam JM - Patholog Res Int (2011)

Bottom Line: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck occurs in approximately 40,000 patients annually in the United States and is often treated with radiation therapy.Radiological studies are obtained following treatment for head and neck malignancies to assess for recurrent tumor, posttreatment changes, and associated complications.As post-treatment imaging studies are often discussed at radiology/pathology working conferences, knowledge of the imaging appearance of radiation-associated changes in the head and neck and the terminology used by neuroradiologists may not only aid in interpretation of the pathologic specimen, but also assist in communications with neuroradiologists and referring clinicians.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Section of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

ABSTRACT
Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck occurs in approximately 40,000 patients annually in the United States and is often treated with radiation therapy. Radiological studies are obtained following treatment for head and neck malignancies to assess for recurrent tumor, posttreatment changes, and associated complications. Radiation treatment creates a difficult clinical picture for oncologists, head and neck surgeons, neuroradiologists, and neuropathologists. As post-treatment imaging studies are often discussed at radiology/pathology working conferences, knowledge of the imaging appearance of radiation-associated changes in the head and neck and the terminology used by neuroradiologists may not only aid in interpretation of the pathologic specimen, but also assist in communications with neuroradiologists and referring clinicians.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Orocutaneous fistula: (a, b) Axial contrast-enhanced CT of the oral cavity (soft tissue window) shows an orocutaneous fistula involving the left nasal ala (arrow) and extending through the maxilla (arrow) towards the oral cavity.
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fig7: Orocutaneous fistula: (a, b) Axial contrast-enhanced CT of the oral cavity (soft tissue window) shows an orocutaneous fistula involving the left nasal ala (arrow) and extending through the maxilla (arrow) towards the oral cavity.

Mentions: A fistulous tract is an abnormal pathway between an internal cavity or organ and the surface of the body. These may be caused by infection, tumor, or radiation. Orocutaneous fistulas (Figure 7) are not common, but intraoral sinus tracts due to dental infections are common [29]. An orocutaneous fistula leads to aesthetic problems due to the continual leakage of saliva from the oral cavity to the face. With the presence of an adjacent soft tissue mass, coexisting tumor cannot be excluded [30].


Imaging of the Head and Neck following Radiation Treatment.

Debnam JM - Patholog Res Int (2011)

Orocutaneous fistula: (a, b) Axial contrast-enhanced CT of the oral cavity (soft tissue window) shows an orocutaneous fistula involving the left nasal ala (arrow) and extending through the maxilla (arrow) towards the oral cavity.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108502&req=5

fig7: Orocutaneous fistula: (a, b) Axial contrast-enhanced CT of the oral cavity (soft tissue window) shows an orocutaneous fistula involving the left nasal ala (arrow) and extending through the maxilla (arrow) towards the oral cavity.
Mentions: A fistulous tract is an abnormal pathway between an internal cavity or organ and the surface of the body. These may be caused by infection, tumor, or radiation. Orocutaneous fistulas (Figure 7) are not common, but intraoral sinus tracts due to dental infections are common [29]. An orocutaneous fistula leads to aesthetic problems due to the continual leakage of saliva from the oral cavity to the face. With the presence of an adjacent soft tissue mass, coexisting tumor cannot be excluded [30].

Bottom Line: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck occurs in approximately 40,000 patients annually in the United States and is often treated with radiation therapy.Radiological studies are obtained following treatment for head and neck malignancies to assess for recurrent tumor, posttreatment changes, and associated complications.As post-treatment imaging studies are often discussed at radiology/pathology working conferences, knowledge of the imaging appearance of radiation-associated changes in the head and neck and the terminology used by neuroradiologists may not only aid in interpretation of the pathologic specimen, but also assist in communications with neuroradiologists and referring clinicians.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Section of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

ABSTRACT
Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck occurs in approximately 40,000 patients annually in the United States and is often treated with radiation therapy. Radiological studies are obtained following treatment for head and neck malignancies to assess for recurrent tumor, posttreatment changes, and associated complications. Radiation treatment creates a difficult clinical picture for oncologists, head and neck surgeons, neuroradiologists, and neuropathologists. As post-treatment imaging studies are often discussed at radiology/pathology working conferences, knowledge of the imaging appearance of radiation-associated changes in the head and neck and the terminology used by neuroradiologists may not only aid in interpretation of the pathologic specimen, but also assist in communications with neuroradiologists and referring clinicians.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus