Limits...
Restaurant and bar owners' exposure to secondhand smoke and attitudes regarding smoking bans in five Chinese cities.

Liu R, Hammond SK, Hyland A, Travers MJ, Yang Y, Nan Y, Feng G, Li Q, Jiang Y - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2011)

Bottom Line: Of those unwilling to do so, 82% thought smoking bans would reduce revenue, and 63% thought indoor air quality depended on ventilation rather than smoking bans.These results showed that there was support for smoking bans among restaurant or bar owners in China despite some knowledge gaps.To facilitate smoking bans in restaurants and bars, it is important to promote health education on specific hazards of SHS, provide country-specific evidence on smoking bans and hospitality revenues, and disseminate information that restricting smoking and ventilation alone cannot eliminate SHS hazards.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Rd, Beijing 100050, China. ruiling_liu@berkeley.edu

ABSTRACT
Despite the great progress made towards smoke-free environments, only 9% of countries worldwide mandate smoke-free restaurants and bars. Smoking was generally not regulated in restaurants and bars in China before 2008. This study was designed to examine the public attitudes towards banning smoking in these places in China. A convenience sample of 814 restaurants and bars was selected in five Chinese cities and all owners of these venues were interviewed in person by questionnaire in 2007. Eighty six percent of current nonsmoking subjects had at least one-day exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at work in the past week. Only 51% of subjects knew SHS could cause heart disease. Only 17% and 11% of subjects supported prohibiting smoking completely in restaurants and in bars, respectively, while their support for restricting smoking to designated areas was much higher. Fifty three percent of subjects were willing to prohibit or restrict smoking in their own venues. Of those unwilling to do so, 82% thought smoking bans would reduce revenue, and 63% thought indoor air quality depended on ventilation rather than smoking bans. These results showed that there was support for smoking bans among restaurant or bar owners in China despite some knowledge gaps. To facilitate smoking bans in restaurants and bars, it is important to promote health education on specific hazards of SHS, provide country-specific evidence on smoking bans and hospitality revenues, and disseminate information that restricting smoking and ventilation alone cannot eliminate SHS hazards.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Restaurant and bar owner and manager awareness of smoking-related health effects, five Chinese cities, 2007. Note: results presented in this figure represent simple aggregation of the survey results, and no sampling weighting was used.
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f1-ijerph-08-01520: Restaurant and bar owner and manager awareness of smoking-related health effects, five Chinese cities, 2007. Note: results presented in this figure represent simple aggregation of the survey results, and no sampling weighting was used.

Mentions: More than 95% of subjects believed that smoking or passive smoking was harmful to health, 75% knew that passive smoking could cause lung cancer, but only 61% believed that women with smoking husbands had higher risk to develop lung cancer. 72% believed that children with smoking parents were more likely to develop asthma or other respiratory disease and 51% knew that SHS could cause heart disease (Figure 1). Overall, 37% of the subjects answered all the six health-related questions correctly.


Restaurant and bar owners' exposure to secondhand smoke and attitudes regarding smoking bans in five Chinese cities.

Liu R, Hammond SK, Hyland A, Travers MJ, Yang Y, Nan Y, Feng G, Li Q, Jiang Y - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2011)

Restaurant and bar owner and manager awareness of smoking-related health effects, five Chinese cities, 2007. Note: results presented in this figure represent simple aggregation of the survey results, and no sampling weighting was used.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108124&req=5

f1-ijerph-08-01520: Restaurant and bar owner and manager awareness of smoking-related health effects, five Chinese cities, 2007. Note: results presented in this figure represent simple aggregation of the survey results, and no sampling weighting was used.
Mentions: More than 95% of subjects believed that smoking or passive smoking was harmful to health, 75% knew that passive smoking could cause lung cancer, but only 61% believed that women with smoking husbands had higher risk to develop lung cancer. 72% believed that children with smoking parents were more likely to develop asthma or other respiratory disease and 51% knew that SHS could cause heart disease (Figure 1). Overall, 37% of the subjects answered all the six health-related questions correctly.

Bottom Line: Of those unwilling to do so, 82% thought smoking bans would reduce revenue, and 63% thought indoor air quality depended on ventilation rather than smoking bans.These results showed that there was support for smoking bans among restaurant or bar owners in China despite some knowledge gaps.To facilitate smoking bans in restaurants and bars, it is important to promote health education on specific hazards of SHS, provide country-specific evidence on smoking bans and hospitality revenues, and disseminate information that restricting smoking and ventilation alone cannot eliminate SHS hazards.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Rd, Beijing 100050, China. ruiling_liu@berkeley.edu

ABSTRACT
Despite the great progress made towards smoke-free environments, only 9% of countries worldwide mandate smoke-free restaurants and bars. Smoking was generally not regulated in restaurants and bars in China before 2008. This study was designed to examine the public attitudes towards banning smoking in these places in China. A convenience sample of 814 restaurants and bars was selected in five Chinese cities and all owners of these venues were interviewed in person by questionnaire in 2007. Eighty six percent of current nonsmoking subjects had at least one-day exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) at work in the past week. Only 51% of subjects knew SHS could cause heart disease. Only 17% and 11% of subjects supported prohibiting smoking completely in restaurants and in bars, respectively, while their support for restricting smoking to designated areas was much higher. Fifty three percent of subjects were willing to prohibit or restrict smoking in their own venues. Of those unwilling to do so, 82% thought smoking bans would reduce revenue, and 63% thought indoor air quality depended on ventilation rather than smoking bans. These results showed that there was support for smoking bans among restaurant or bar owners in China despite some knowledge gaps. To facilitate smoking bans in restaurants and bars, it is important to promote health education on specific hazards of SHS, provide country-specific evidence on smoking bans and hospitality revenues, and disseminate information that restricting smoking and ventilation alone cannot eliminate SHS hazards.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus