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Source reduction behavior as an independent measurement of the impact of a public health education campaign in an integrated vector management program for the Asian tiger mosquito.

Bartlett-Healy K, Hamilton G, Healy S, Crepeau T, Unlu I, Farajollahi A, Fonseca D, Gaugler R, Clark GG, Strickman D - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2011)

Bottom Line: Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior.Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control.Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, 180 Jones Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. krisb@rci.rutgers.edu

ABSTRACT
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a public health educational campaign to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. Three communities each, within two New Jersey counties, were randomly selected to receive: (1) both education and mosquito control, (2) education only, and (3) no education or mosquito control. Four separate educational events included a 5-day elementary school curriculum in the spring, and three door to door distributions of educational brochures. Before and after each educational event, the numbers of mosquito-larval container habitats were counted in 50 randomly selected homes per study area. Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior. Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control. Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Spatial analysis of sites before and after educational interventions. Maps indicate the number of containers per home. For each county and site, the map on the left indicates survey results done before any intervention (April). The maps on the left indicate the survey results at the end of the season (September).
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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f3-ijerph-08-01358: Spatial analysis of sites before and after educational interventions. Maps indicate the number of containers per home. For each county and site, the map on the left indicates survey results done before any intervention (April). The maps on the left indicate the survey results at the end of the season (September).

Mentions: Spatial analysis allowed us to examine particular demographic areas in each site that were unwilling to exhibit source reduction behavior (Figure 3). An examination of before and after maps, showed that all sites, regardless of receiving education, showed some degree of source reduction.


Source reduction behavior as an independent measurement of the impact of a public health education campaign in an integrated vector management program for the Asian tiger mosquito.

Bartlett-Healy K, Hamilton G, Healy S, Crepeau T, Unlu I, Farajollahi A, Fonseca D, Gaugler R, Clark GG, Strickman D - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2011)

Spatial analysis of sites before and after educational interventions. Maps indicate the number of containers per home. For each county and site, the map on the left indicates survey results done before any intervention (April). The maps on the left indicate the survey results at the end of the season (September).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108114&req=5

f3-ijerph-08-01358: Spatial analysis of sites before and after educational interventions. Maps indicate the number of containers per home. For each county and site, the map on the left indicates survey results done before any intervention (April). The maps on the left indicate the survey results at the end of the season (September).
Mentions: Spatial analysis allowed us to examine particular demographic areas in each site that were unwilling to exhibit source reduction behavior (Figure 3). An examination of before and after maps, showed that all sites, regardless of receiving education, showed some degree of source reduction.

Bottom Line: Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior.Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control.Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, 180 Jones Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. krisb@rci.rutgers.edu

ABSTRACT
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a public health educational campaign to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. Three communities each, within two New Jersey counties, were randomly selected to receive: (1) both education and mosquito control, (2) education only, and (3) no education or mosquito control. Four separate educational events included a 5-day elementary school curriculum in the spring, and three door to door distributions of educational brochures. Before and after each educational event, the numbers of mosquito-larval container habitats were counted in 50 randomly selected homes per study area. Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior. Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control. Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus