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Source reduction behavior as an independent measurement of the impact of a public health education campaign in an integrated vector management program for the Asian tiger mosquito.

Bartlett-Healy K, Hamilton G, Healy S, Crepeau T, Unlu I, Farajollahi A, Fonseca D, Gaugler R, Clark GG, Strickman D - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2011)

Bottom Line: Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior.Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control.Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, 180 Jones Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. krisb@rci.rutgers.edu

ABSTRACT
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a public health educational campaign to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. Three communities each, within two New Jersey counties, were randomly selected to receive: (1) both education and mosquito control, (2) education only, and (3) no education or mosquito control. Four separate educational events included a 5-day elementary school curriculum in the spring, and three door to door distributions of educational brochures. Before and after each educational event, the numbers of mosquito-larval container habitats were counted in 50 randomly selected homes per study area. Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior. Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control. Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

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Monthly mean number of containers per home found in (a) Mercer and (b) Monmouth counties, 2009. For each county, the full intervention site is represented by a solid line. The education only sites are represented by long dashes, and the control sites (no intervention) are represented by short dashes.
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f2-ijerph-08-01358: Monthly mean number of containers per home found in (a) Mercer and (b) Monmouth counties, 2009. For each county, the full intervention site is represented by a solid line. The education only sites are represented by long dashes, and the control sites (no intervention) are represented by short dashes.

Mentions: Repeated measures analysis showed that there were no significant differences in source reduction behavior for those individuals receiving education, and those not receiving education (P = 0.474) in Mercer county (Figure 2). However, there was a significant difference in source reduction behavior in those receiving education in the Monmouth county site (P = 0.012).


Source reduction behavior as an independent measurement of the impact of a public health education campaign in an integrated vector management program for the Asian tiger mosquito.

Bartlett-Healy K, Hamilton G, Healy S, Crepeau T, Unlu I, Farajollahi A, Fonseca D, Gaugler R, Clark GG, Strickman D - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2011)

Monthly mean number of containers per home found in (a) Mercer and (b) Monmouth counties, 2009. For each county, the full intervention site is represented by a solid line. The education only sites are represented by long dashes, and the control sites (no intervention) are represented by short dashes.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108114&req=5

f2-ijerph-08-01358: Monthly mean number of containers per home found in (a) Mercer and (b) Monmouth counties, 2009. For each county, the full intervention site is represented by a solid line. The education only sites are represented by long dashes, and the control sites (no intervention) are represented by short dashes.
Mentions: Repeated measures analysis showed that there were no significant differences in source reduction behavior for those individuals receiving education, and those not receiving education (P = 0.474) in Mercer county (Figure 2). However, there was a significant difference in source reduction behavior in those receiving education in the Monmouth county site (P = 0.012).

Bottom Line: Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior.Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control.Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, 180 Jones Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA. krisb@rci.rutgers.edu

ABSTRACT
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a public health educational campaign to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. Three communities each, within two New Jersey counties, were randomly selected to receive: (1) both education and mosquito control, (2) education only, and (3) no education or mosquito control. Four separate educational events included a 5-day elementary school curriculum in the spring, and three door to door distributions of educational brochures. Before and after each educational event, the numbers of mosquito-larval container habitats were counted in 50 randomly selected homes per study area. Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior. Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control. Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus