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Indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a semiurban community of iloye, South-west Nigeria.

Awobusuyi JO, Kukoyi OO, Ibrahim MA, Atiba M - Int J Nephrol (2011)

Bottom Line: Elevated blood pressure was found in 152 (46.63%), while 3 (0.9%) participants had diabetes, 71 (21.8%) were obese, 16 (4.9%) had hypercholesterolaemia, and 3 (0.9%) had hypertriglyceridaemia.Prevalence of both smoking and alcohol consumption was 6 (1.84%).It was concluded that the prevalence of indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular risk factors is high in Iloye community.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Lagos State University College of Medicine, 1-5 Oba Akinjobi Street, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT
Health screening exercises are important, as they enable early detection of diseases in individual subjects and also enable data collection, useful in estimating disease burden in the community. This paper describes the findings of a health screening exercise conducted in a semiurban population of Iloye, by the Rotary Club of Ota, Ogun State, Western Nigeria, as a part of its community-oriented services and projects. Three hundred and twenty six community members were screened during the exercise. There were 189 (57.97%) females and 137 (42.03%) males, with a mean age of 43.5 ± 14.88 yrs. Urinary abnormality and/or creatinine clearance less than 90 mls/min was detected in 147 (45.09%) participants. 99 (30.37%) participants had proteinuria, 16 (4.91%) had haematuria, and 5 (1.53%) participants had both haematuria and proteinuria. Eight (2.45%) participants had GFR less than 60 mls/min. Elevated blood pressure was found in 152 (46.63%), while 3 (0.9%) participants had diabetes, 71 (21.8%) were obese, 16 (4.9%) had hypercholesterolaemia, and 3 (0.9%) had hypertriglyceridaemia. Prevalence of both smoking and alcohol consumption was 6 (1.84%). It was concluded that the prevalence of indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular risk factors is high in Iloye community.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Frequencies of occurrence of CKD, urinary abnormalities and cardiovascular risk factors in the studied participants.
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fig1: Frequencies of occurrence of CKD, urinary abnormalities and cardiovascular risk factors in the studied participants.

Mentions: The mean serum urea level was 16.72 ± 9.22 mg/dL (Range 2–97 mg/dL), while mean creatinine was 1.07 ± 0.52 (Range 0.16–6.88 mg/dL). Eight (2.45%) participants had GFR less than 60 mls/min (Figure 1). The proportion of individuals in the different CKD stages shows some similarity to that seen studies conducted in more advanced societies as there is a very sharp decline in prevalence rates of the more severe stages of CKD (stages 3, 4, and 5) when compared with the early stages(stages 1 and 2) of the disease [1, 2].


Indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a semiurban community of iloye, South-west Nigeria.

Awobusuyi JO, Kukoyi OO, Ibrahim MA, Atiba M - Int J Nephrol (2011)

Frequencies of occurrence of CKD, urinary abnormalities and cardiovascular risk factors in the studied participants.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3108107&req=5

fig1: Frequencies of occurrence of CKD, urinary abnormalities and cardiovascular risk factors in the studied participants.
Mentions: The mean serum urea level was 16.72 ± 9.22 mg/dL (Range 2–97 mg/dL), while mean creatinine was 1.07 ± 0.52 (Range 0.16–6.88 mg/dL). Eight (2.45%) participants had GFR less than 60 mls/min (Figure 1). The proportion of individuals in the different CKD stages shows some similarity to that seen studies conducted in more advanced societies as there is a very sharp decline in prevalence rates of the more severe stages of CKD (stages 3, 4, and 5) when compared with the early stages(stages 1 and 2) of the disease [1, 2].

Bottom Line: Elevated blood pressure was found in 152 (46.63%), while 3 (0.9%) participants had diabetes, 71 (21.8%) were obese, 16 (4.9%) had hypercholesterolaemia, and 3 (0.9%) had hypertriglyceridaemia.Prevalence of both smoking and alcohol consumption was 6 (1.84%).It was concluded that the prevalence of indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular risk factors is high in Iloye community.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Lagos State University College of Medicine, 1-5 Oba Akinjobi Street, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT
Health screening exercises are important, as they enable early detection of diseases in individual subjects and also enable data collection, useful in estimating disease burden in the community. This paper describes the findings of a health screening exercise conducted in a semiurban population of Iloye, by the Rotary Club of Ota, Ogun State, Western Nigeria, as a part of its community-oriented services and projects. Three hundred and twenty six community members were screened during the exercise. There were 189 (57.97%) females and 137 (42.03%) males, with a mean age of 43.5 ± 14.88 yrs. Urinary abnormality and/or creatinine clearance less than 90 mls/min was detected in 147 (45.09%) participants. 99 (30.37%) participants had proteinuria, 16 (4.91%) had haematuria, and 5 (1.53%) participants had both haematuria and proteinuria. Eight (2.45%) participants had GFR less than 60 mls/min. Elevated blood pressure was found in 152 (46.63%), while 3 (0.9%) participants had diabetes, 71 (21.8%) were obese, 16 (4.9%) had hypercholesterolaemia, and 3 (0.9%) had hypertriglyceridaemia. Prevalence of both smoking and alcohol consumption was 6 (1.84%). It was concluded that the prevalence of indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular risk factors is high in Iloye community.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus