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The prevalence of microvascular obstruction in acute myocardial infarction: importance of ST elevation, infarct size, transmurality and infarct age

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To assess the prevalence of microvascular obstruction (MO) by delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) in patients with first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and describe its relationship with type of infarction, infarct size (IS), transmurality, and infarct age... MO has been associated with poor LV remodeling and adverse prognosis... The mean age was 59±13 years and 68% were male... The overall observed prevalence of MO was 53%... IS and transmurality were significantly larger in patients with MO than without (24% vs 7%, p<0.0001; and 83% vs 56%, p< 0.0001, respectively)... The prevalence of MO was higher in STEMI than non-STEMI (69% vs 31%, p<0.0001, Figure 1), however, when IS was large (upper tertile, >25%) or transmural extent was high (upper tertile, >80%) the prevalence of MO was similar (93% vs 92%, p=0.9; and 90% vs 85%, p=0.5, respectively)... The prevalence of MO was dependent on both IS and transmurality (Figure 2)... Finally, the prevalence of MO was dependent on infarct age: it was similar over the first 6-days post AMI (days 1-3 =56%, days 4-6 =56%) but decreased over the subsequent week (days 7-9 =42%, days 10-14 =30%)... Multivariable analysis demonstrated that only IS, transmurality, and infarct age were independent predictors of MO (p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p=0.05 respectively)... Microvascular obstruction is more than twice as common in patients with STEMI than non-STEMI, however, the prevalence of MO is similar when accounting for infarct size and transmurality... Only larger infarct size, greater extent of transmurality and earlier infarct age are independent predictors of MO.

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The prevalence of MO for NSTEMI and STEMI in all patients, patients with IS >25% (upper tertile) and patients with transmural extent (TE) >80% (upper tertile).
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Figure 1: The prevalence of MO for NSTEMI and STEMI in all patients, patients with IS >25% (upper tertile) and patients with transmural extent (TE) >80% (upper tertile).

Mentions: The population consisted of 147 (56%) patients with STEMI, 2 (0.8%) with left bundle branch block, and the remaining 117 (44%) with non-STEMI. The mean age was 59±13 years and 68% were male. The overall observed prevalence of MO was 53%. IS and transmurality were significantly larger in patients with MO than without (24% vs 7%, p<0.0001; and 83% vs 56%, p< 0.0001, respectively). The prevalence of MO was higher in STEMI than non-STEMI (69% vs 31%, p<0.0001, Figure 1), however, when IS was large (upper tertile, >25%) or transmural extent was high (upper tertile, >80%) the prevalence of MO was similar (93% vs 92%, p=0.9; and 90% vs 85%, p=0.5, respectively). The prevalence of MO was dependent on both IS and transmurality (Figure 2). Finally, the prevalence of MO was dependent on infarct age: it was similar over the first 6-days post AMI (days 1-3 =56%, days 4-6 =56%) but decreased over the subsequent week (days 7-9 =42%, days 10-14 =30%). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that only IS, transmurality, and infarct age were independent predictors of MO (p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p=0.05 respectively).


The prevalence of microvascular obstruction in acute myocardial infarction: importance of ST elevation, infarct size, transmurality and infarct age
The prevalence of MO for NSTEMI and STEMI in all patients, patients with IS >25% (upper tertile) and patients with transmural extent (TE) >80% (upper tertile).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3106551&req=5

Figure 1: The prevalence of MO for NSTEMI and STEMI in all patients, patients with IS >25% (upper tertile) and patients with transmural extent (TE) >80% (upper tertile).
Mentions: The population consisted of 147 (56%) patients with STEMI, 2 (0.8%) with left bundle branch block, and the remaining 117 (44%) with non-STEMI. The mean age was 59±13 years and 68% were male. The overall observed prevalence of MO was 53%. IS and transmurality were significantly larger in patients with MO than without (24% vs 7%, p<0.0001; and 83% vs 56%, p< 0.0001, respectively). The prevalence of MO was higher in STEMI than non-STEMI (69% vs 31%, p<0.0001, Figure 1), however, when IS was large (upper tertile, >25%) or transmural extent was high (upper tertile, >80%) the prevalence of MO was similar (93% vs 92%, p=0.9; and 90% vs 85%, p=0.5, respectively). The prevalence of MO was dependent on both IS and transmurality (Figure 2). Finally, the prevalence of MO was dependent on infarct age: it was similar over the first 6-days post AMI (days 1-3 =56%, days 4-6 =56%) but decreased over the subsequent week (days 7-9 =42%, days 10-14 =30%). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that only IS, transmurality, and infarct age were independent predictors of MO (p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p=0.05 respectively).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

To assess the prevalence of microvascular obstruction (MO) by delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) in patients with first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and describe its relationship with type of infarction, infarct size (IS), transmurality, and infarct age... MO has been associated with poor LV remodeling and adverse prognosis... The mean age was 59±13 years and 68% were male... The overall observed prevalence of MO was 53%... IS and transmurality were significantly larger in patients with MO than without (24% vs 7%, p<0.0001; and 83% vs 56%, p< 0.0001, respectively)... The prevalence of MO was higher in STEMI than non-STEMI (69% vs 31%, p<0.0001, Figure 1), however, when IS was large (upper tertile, >25%) or transmural extent was high (upper tertile, >80%) the prevalence of MO was similar (93% vs 92%, p=0.9; and 90% vs 85%, p=0.5, respectively)... The prevalence of MO was dependent on both IS and transmurality (Figure 2)... Finally, the prevalence of MO was dependent on infarct age: it was similar over the first 6-days post AMI (days 1-3 =56%, days 4-6 =56%) but decreased over the subsequent week (days 7-9 =42%, days 10-14 =30%)... Multivariable analysis demonstrated that only IS, transmurality, and infarct age were independent predictors of MO (p<0.0001, p<0.0001, p=0.05 respectively)... Microvascular obstruction is more than twice as common in patients with STEMI than non-STEMI, however, the prevalence of MO is similar when accounting for infarct size and transmurality... Only larger infarct size, greater extent of transmurality and earlier infarct age are independent predictors of MO.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus