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Quantification of acute myocardial injury in STEMI patients post revascularization at 3Tesla. Comparison of T1-mapping, late gadolinium and edema imaging

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To quantify myocardial injury in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarcts (STEMI) by T1-mapping using Shortened Modified Look-Locker Inversion Recovery (ShMOLLI)... For quantitative T1-mapping analyses, a threshold value of 1272ms (10% above control T1s of 1156±67 at 3T) was used... Wall motion was scored as normal, hypokinetic and akinetic... T1 values were calculated for segments with varying %LGE lesion and/or wall motion abnormalities (WMA) and for areas of MVO... The regions of myocardial injury assessed by the four modalities co-localized visually... Out of the 282 segments analysed, 39 were rejected for artifacts and 37 were identified as showing MVO and, hence were analysed separately... There was moderate correlation between the segmental damaged fraction assessed by LGE and T2W (r =0.51) and by LGE and T1-maps (r=0.48)... A significant relationship was found between the volume of myocardial injury as assessed by T1-mapping, T2W and LGE, and the severity of WMA (p<0.01). (Fig. 1)... The T1-values increased with the severity of damage as assessed by LGE (Fig. 2) reaching values significantly longer than the T1s in controls for segments with greater than 40% damaged fraction (1356±66ms versus 1233±87ms, p<0.001)... T1-values within areas of MVO were abnormal and included both long and short values (1025-1380ms; mean ± SD = 1284±83) while T1s in the myocardium surrounding MVO areas reached values up to 1563ms (Fig. 3)... ShMOLLI cardiac T1-mapping detects acutely injured myocardium in patients with STEMI and can identify segments with different degrees of damage as assessed by LGE.

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Example of case of inferior myocardial infarction completed by MOV (arrows on LGE image). A short axis slice acquired using three different modalities is displayed.
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Figure 3: Example of case of inferior myocardial infarction completed by MOV (arrows on LGE image). A short axis slice acquired using three different modalities is displayed.

Mentions: All patients had positive findings on cine, LGE, T2W and T1-mapping. The regions of myocardial injury assessed by the four modalities co-localized visually. Out of the 282 segments analysed, 39 were rejected for artifacts and 37 were identified as showing MVO and, hence were analysed separately. There was moderate correlation between the segmental damaged fraction assessed by LGE and T2W (r2 =0.51) and by LGE and T1-maps (r2=0.48). A significant relationship was found between the volume of myocardial injury as assessed by T1-mapping, T2W and LGE, and the severity of WMA (p<0.01). (Fig.1). The T1-values increased with the severity of damage as assessed by LGE (Fig.2) reaching values significantly longer than the T1s in controls for segments with greater than 40% damaged fraction (1356±66ms versus 1233±87ms, p<0.001). T1-values within areas of MVO were abnormal and included both long and short values (1025-1380ms; mean ± SD = 1284±83) while T1s in the myocardium surrounding MVO areas reached values up to 1563ms (Fig. 3).


Quantification of acute myocardial injury in STEMI patients post revascularization at 3Tesla. Comparison of T1-mapping, late gadolinium and edema imaging
Example of case of inferior myocardial infarction completed by MOV (arrows on LGE image). A short axis slice acquired using three different modalities is displayed.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3106544&req=5

Figure 3: Example of case of inferior myocardial infarction completed by MOV (arrows on LGE image). A short axis slice acquired using three different modalities is displayed.
Mentions: All patients had positive findings on cine, LGE, T2W and T1-mapping. The regions of myocardial injury assessed by the four modalities co-localized visually. Out of the 282 segments analysed, 39 were rejected for artifacts and 37 were identified as showing MVO and, hence were analysed separately. There was moderate correlation between the segmental damaged fraction assessed by LGE and T2W (r2 =0.51) and by LGE and T1-maps (r2=0.48). A significant relationship was found between the volume of myocardial injury as assessed by T1-mapping, T2W and LGE, and the severity of WMA (p<0.01). (Fig.1). The T1-values increased with the severity of damage as assessed by LGE (Fig.2) reaching values significantly longer than the T1s in controls for segments with greater than 40% damaged fraction (1356±66ms versus 1233±87ms, p<0.001). T1-values within areas of MVO were abnormal and included both long and short values (1025-1380ms; mean ± SD = 1284±83) while T1s in the myocardium surrounding MVO areas reached values up to 1563ms (Fig. 3).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

To quantify myocardial injury in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarcts (STEMI) by T1-mapping using Shortened Modified Look-Locker Inversion Recovery (ShMOLLI)... For quantitative T1-mapping analyses, a threshold value of 1272ms (10% above control T1s of 1156±67 at 3T) was used... Wall motion was scored as normal, hypokinetic and akinetic... T1 values were calculated for segments with varying %LGE lesion and/or wall motion abnormalities (WMA) and for areas of MVO... The regions of myocardial injury assessed by the four modalities co-localized visually... Out of the 282 segments analysed, 39 were rejected for artifacts and 37 were identified as showing MVO and, hence were analysed separately... There was moderate correlation between the segmental damaged fraction assessed by LGE and T2W (r =0.51) and by LGE and T1-maps (r=0.48)... A significant relationship was found between the volume of myocardial injury as assessed by T1-mapping, T2W and LGE, and the severity of WMA (p<0.01). (Fig. 1)... The T1-values increased with the severity of damage as assessed by LGE (Fig. 2) reaching values significantly longer than the T1s in controls for segments with greater than 40% damaged fraction (1356±66ms versus 1233±87ms, p<0.001)... T1-values within areas of MVO were abnormal and included both long and short values (1025-1380ms; mean ± SD = 1284±83) while T1s in the myocardium surrounding MVO areas reached values up to 1563ms (Fig. 3)... ShMOLLI cardiac T1-mapping detects acutely injured myocardium in patients with STEMI and can identify segments with different degrees of damage as assessed by LGE.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus