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From qualitative to quantitative tractography: a novel method to measure variation and error in diffusion mr tractography datasets of the myocardium

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To define a robust quantitative parameter to measure physiological variation and experimental error in diffusion MRI tractography datasets of the myocardium Techniques to analyze diffusion tensor MRI (DT-MRI) datasets in the myocardium are limited... A strong need exists to develop quantitative tools for the visualization and analysis of diffusion MRI tractography datasets in the heart... Noisy and unstable datasets (sheep 3, panel F) were robustly detected and NQE analysis also revealed that data quality was frequently lowest with the 12-direction encoding scheme... The anterior wall of an infarcted sheep heart is shown in Figure 2A... Rightward (positive) rotation of myofiber helix angle was consistently seen in the remote zones of the infarcted sheep hearts (Figure 2B-C)... A new metric (NQE) for quantifying the quality of tractography datasets in the myocardium is introduced... The technique was able to robustly differentiate high quality and noisy datasets in all 3 species... We also show tractographically, for the first time and with high confidence (low NQE), that myofibers in the remote zone of an infarct undergo a rightward rotation in helix angle... The NQE can be calculated from any tractographic dataset and is thus a highly powerful, generalizeable and translatable metric.

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(A) Lateral view of a human heart depicting fiber tractography results from a volume of interest placed in the lateral wall. Fibers were colored according to their median helix angles. (B) Fibers within the same region colored according to their minimum helix angle values. (C) Fibers colored according to their maximum helix angles. (D) Plot of maximum, median and minimum helix values as they vary from endocardium to epicardium. (E) Normalized quadratic error (NQE) calculated for 4 human hearts imaged with 6, 12 and 32 diffusion-encoding directions. The NQE robustly detects the noisy dataset obtained in the third sheep heart (green) and shows the image quality is lowest with the 12-direction encoding scheme.
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Figure 1: (A) Lateral view of a human heart depicting fiber tractography results from a volume of interest placed in the lateral wall. Fibers were colored according to their median helix angles. (B) Fibers within the same region colored according to their minimum helix angle values. (C) Fibers colored according to their maximum helix angles. (D) Plot of maximum, median and minimum helix values as they vary from endocardium to epicardium. (E) Normalized quadratic error (NQE) calculated for 4 human hearts imaged with 6, 12 and 32 diffusion-encoding directions. The NQE robustly detects the noisy dataset obtained in the third sheep heart (green) and shows the image quality is lowest with the 12-direction encoding scheme.

Mentions: Excised human, sheep and rat hearts (n=12) were studied. Myocardial infarction was produced in the sheep hearts 3 months prior to euthanasia. DT-MRI of the human and sheep hearts was performed on a 3.0T scanner using 6, 12, or 32 gradient-encoding directions; a b-value of 2000s/mm2; voxel-size=2x2x2mm3; TR/TE=8430/96ms; and a constant acquisition duration of 30 minutes. Fiber tracking was performed with a fourth-order Runge-Kutta approach. The helix angle assigned to each continuous tract was defined by the maximum, minimum or median helix angle of the tract. The normalized quadratic error (NQE) was then defined by the quadratic error between these helix angle profiles summed across the myocardium (Figure 1D).


From qualitative to quantitative tractography: a novel method to measure variation and error in diffusion mr tractography datasets of the myocardium
(A) Lateral view of a human heart depicting fiber tractography results from a volume of interest placed in the lateral wall. Fibers were colored according to their median helix angles. (B) Fibers within the same region colored according to their minimum helix angle values. (C) Fibers colored according to their maximum helix angles. (D) Plot of maximum, median and minimum helix values as they vary from endocardium to epicardium. (E) Normalized quadratic error (NQE) calculated for 4 human hearts imaged with 6, 12 and 32 diffusion-encoding directions. The NQE robustly detects the noisy dataset obtained in the third sheep heart (green) and shows the image quality is lowest with the 12-direction encoding scheme.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3106489&req=5

Figure 1: (A) Lateral view of a human heart depicting fiber tractography results from a volume of interest placed in the lateral wall. Fibers were colored according to their median helix angles. (B) Fibers within the same region colored according to their minimum helix angle values. (C) Fibers colored according to their maximum helix angles. (D) Plot of maximum, median and minimum helix values as they vary from endocardium to epicardium. (E) Normalized quadratic error (NQE) calculated for 4 human hearts imaged with 6, 12 and 32 diffusion-encoding directions. The NQE robustly detects the noisy dataset obtained in the third sheep heart (green) and shows the image quality is lowest with the 12-direction encoding scheme.
Mentions: Excised human, sheep and rat hearts (n=12) were studied. Myocardial infarction was produced in the sheep hearts 3 months prior to euthanasia. DT-MRI of the human and sheep hearts was performed on a 3.0T scanner using 6, 12, or 32 gradient-encoding directions; a b-value of 2000s/mm2; voxel-size=2x2x2mm3; TR/TE=8430/96ms; and a constant acquisition duration of 30 minutes. Fiber tracking was performed with a fourth-order Runge-Kutta approach. The helix angle assigned to each continuous tract was defined by the maximum, minimum or median helix angle of the tract. The normalized quadratic error (NQE) was then defined by the quadratic error between these helix angle profiles summed across the myocardium (Figure 1D).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

To define a robust quantitative parameter to measure physiological variation and experimental error in diffusion MRI tractography datasets of the myocardium Techniques to analyze diffusion tensor MRI (DT-MRI) datasets in the myocardium are limited... A strong need exists to develop quantitative tools for the visualization and analysis of diffusion MRI tractography datasets in the heart... Noisy and unstable datasets (sheep 3, panel F) were robustly detected and NQE analysis also revealed that data quality was frequently lowest with the 12-direction encoding scheme... The anterior wall of an infarcted sheep heart is shown in Figure 2A... Rightward (positive) rotation of myofiber helix angle was consistently seen in the remote zones of the infarcted sheep hearts (Figure 2B-C)... A new metric (NQE) for quantifying the quality of tractography datasets in the myocardium is introduced... The technique was able to robustly differentiate high quality and noisy datasets in all 3 species... We also show tractographically, for the first time and with high confidence (low NQE), that myofibers in the remote zone of an infarct undergo a rightward rotation in helix angle... The NQE can be calculated from any tractographic dataset and is thus a highly powerful, generalizeable and translatable metric.

No MeSH data available.