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Drawing and interpreting data: Children's impressions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in four onchocerciasis endemic countries in Africa.

Amuyunzu-Nyamongo M, Tchounkeu YF, Oyugi RA, Kabali AT, Okeibunor JC, Manianga C, Amazigo UV - Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (2011)

Bottom Line: Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment.The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future.Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: African Institute for Health and Development, Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACT
Although the depiction of a child leading a blind man is the most enduring image of onchocerciasis in Africa, research activities have hardly involved children. This paper aims at giving voice to children through drawings and their interpretation. The study was conducted in 2009 in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nigeria and Uganda. Children aged 6-16 years were asked to draw their perceptions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in their communities. A total of 50 drawings were generated. The drawings depicted four main aspects of onchocerciasis: (1) the disease symptoms, (2) the negative consequences of onchocerciasis among children and in the community generally, (3) the ivermectin distribution process, and (4) the benefits or effects of taking ivermectin. Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment. The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future. Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The different people and materials used in ivermectin treatment
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Figure 0012: The different people and materials used in ivermectin treatment

Mentions: Several children provided illustrations of the benefits of taking ivermectin as shown in Figure 12 (drawn by a child in Cameroon). What is illustrative in this figure is that the child sees him/herself as a CDD. He also shows both the positive impacts of taking ivermectin and the consequences of not taking the drug. A child in DRC illustrated the preventive nature of taking ivermectin as shown in Figure 13. He noted that his mother had skin eruptions and she was giving him medicine to avoid similar experiences in future.


Drawing and interpreting data: Children's impressions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in four onchocerciasis endemic countries in Africa.

Amuyunzu-Nyamongo M, Tchounkeu YF, Oyugi RA, Kabali AT, Okeibunor JC, Manianga C, Amazigo UV - Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (2011)

The different people and materials used in ivermectin treatment
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3105904&req=5

Figure 0012: The different people and materials used in ivermectin treatment
Mentions: Several children provided illustrations of the benefits of taking ivermectin as shown in Figure 12 (drawn by a child in Cameroon). What is illustrative in this figure is that the child sees him/herself as a CDD. He also shows both the positive impacts of taking ivermectin and the consequences of not taking the drug. A child in DRC illustrated the preventive nature of taking ivermectin as shown in Figure 13. He noted that his mother had skin eruptions and she was giving him medicine to avoid similar experiences in future.

Bottom Line: Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment.The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future.Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: African Institute for Health and Development, Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACT
Although the depiction of a child leading a blind man is the most enduring image of onchocerciasis in Africa, research activities have hardly involved children. This paper aims at giving voice to children through drawings and their interpretation. The study was conducted in 2009 in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nigeria and Uganda. Children aged 6-16 years were asked to draw their perceptions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in their communities. A total of 50 drawings were generated. The drawings depicted four main aspects of onchocerciasis: (1) the disease symptoms, (2) the negative consequences of onchocerciasis among children and in the community generally, (3) the ivermectin distribution process, and (4) the benefits or effects of taking ivermectin. Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment. The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future. Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus