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Drawing and interpreting data: Children's impressions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in four onchocerciasis endemic countries in Africa.

Amuyunzu-Nyamongo M, Tchounkeu YF, Oyugi RA, Kabali AT, Okeibunor JC, Manianga C, Amazigo UV - Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (2011)

Bottom Line: Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment.The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future.Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: African Institute for Health and Development, Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACT
Although the depiction of a child leading a blind man is the most enduring image of onchocerciasis in Africa, research activities have hardly involved children. This paper aims at giving voice to children through drawings and their interpretation. The study was conducted in 2009 in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nigeria and Uganda. Children aged 6-16 years were asked to draw their perceptions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in their communities. A total of 50 drawings were generated. The drawings depicted four main aspects of onchocerciasis: (1) the disease symptoms, (2) the negative consequences of onchocerciasis among children and in the community generally, (3) the ivermectin distribution process, and (4) the benefits or effects of taking ivermectin. Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment. The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future. Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Swellings due to onchocerciasis
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Figure 0003: Swellings due to onchocerciasis

Mentions: In Nigeria, the drawings focused on swellings and rashes as captured in Figure 3. The children, through the drawings, explicitly illustrated nodules and swellings of different parts of the body. For this child (Figure 3), he magnified the swellings on the side of his drawing to provide a clear illustration of the swollen parts.


Drawing and interpreting data: Children's impressions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in four onchocerciasis endemic countries in Africa.

Amuyunzu-Nyamongo M, Tchounkeu YF, Oyugi RA, Kabali AT, Okeibunor JC, Manianga C, Amazigo UV - Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (2011)

Swellings due to onchocerciasis
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC3105904&req=5

Figure 0003: Swellings due to onchocerciasis
Mentions: In Nigeria, the drawings focused on swellings and rashes as captured in Figure 3. The children, through the drawings, explicitly illustrated nodules and swellings of different parts of the body. For this child (Figure 3), he magnified the swellings on the side of his drawing to provide a clear illustration of the swollen parts.

Bottom Line: Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment.The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future.Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: African Institute for Health and Development, Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACT
Although the depiction of a child leading a blind man is the most enduring image of onchocerciasis in Africa, research activities have hardly involved children. This paper aims at giving voice to children through drawings and their interpretation. The study was conducted in 2009 in Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nigeria and Uganda. Children aged 6-16 years were asked to draw their perceptions of onchocerciasis and community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in their communities. A total of 50 drawings were generated. The drawings depicted four main aspects of onchocerciasis: (1) the disease symptoms, (2) the negative consequences of onchocerciasis among children and in the community generally, (3) the ivermectin distribution process, and (4) the benefits or effects of taking ivermectin. Out of the 50 drawings, 30 were on symptoms, 7 on effects of the disease on children, 8 on distribution process, and 5 represented multiple perceptions on symptoms, drug distribution processes, benefits, and effects of treatment. The lack of clarity when treatment with ivermectin can be stopped in endemic areas requires working with children to ensure continued compliance with treatment into the future. Children's drawings should be incorporated into health education interventions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus